The Chicago Seven

Abbie (Abbott) Hoffman
November 30, 1936 – April 12, 1989

 

The Story of Abbie Hoffman: "Steal This Movie!"
Robert Greenwald
1 hr 47 min 45 sec - Aug 10, 2006

Then: Steal This Movie! "Hell No We Won't Go!" Abbie Hoffman
AUDIO:

http://www.apfn.net/pogo/L001I060627-abbie-hoffman.MP3

Now:7/8/06 - Anti-War Group.... A discussion Viet Vetrans Against the War...
AUDIO:
http://www.apfn.net/pogo/A001I060708CC.MP3

 7/8/06 - "Living Out Loud" Host: Annie Lord 1480 AM Phx.
It's One thing to Die for your country, but it's another thing to Kill for your country!
Todays Abbi Hoffman.... (The Story) (While worth your time)
INTERVIEW:
Col. Ann Wright (Ret.) on hunger strike in Wash. D.C.
"Why are we in Iraq" ?? Here's Col. Wright's answer!
AUDIO:

http://www.apfn.net/pogo/A001I060708BB.MP3

 Bruce Springsteen: "Bring 'Em Home, Bring 'Em Home"
Bruce Springsteen sings "Bring 'Em Home, Bring 'Em Home" on NBC's Late Night with Conan O'Brien. The song is part of Springsteen's new album "We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions". The song is based on Seeger's Vietnam-era ballad "Bring 'Em Home".
 http://www.apfn.org/apfn/bringemhome.htm

VIDEO: ANTI-IRAQ-WAR
Lives in the Balance
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/lives_in_the_balance.htm

 Translate this Page!

Abbie's typically smart quotes: "Democracy is not something you believe in or hang your hat on, but something you do. You participate. If you stop doing it, democracy crumbles and falls. If you participate, the future is yours."
"Something you do. You participate."

Abbie Hoffman
Noted American radical and one of the infamous "Chicago Seven."
His work confirmed for the subject the possibilities of employing improvisational techniques in the creation of "Happenings" with non-actors.

Defendant Abbie Hoffman (1970, 66 seconds, 1.51MB))**
http://www.apfn.org/audio/hoffman.mp3

Steal This Movie (2000) is an American biographical film of 1960s radical figure Abbie Hoffman. It was directed by Robert Greenwald and the screenplay was written by Bruce Graham. It is based on a number of books including To america with Love: Letters From the Underground by Anita and Abbie Hoffman and Abbie Hoffman: American Rebel by Marty Jezer.

The film follows Abbie Hoffman's (Vincent D'Onofrio) relationship with his second wife Anita (Janeane Garofalo) and their awakening and subsequent conversion to an activist life. The title of the film is a play on Hoffman's 1970 counter-culture guidebook titled Steal This Book.

Some criticism of the film is that it is overly hagiographic of Abbie Hoffman and fails to give proper credit to other activists of the era like Paul Krassner, who co-founded the Yippies with Hoffman and his wife. Other critics disliked the film’s editing, which frequently relied upon the use of documentary footage, voiceovers and subtitles to help advance the plot. However, nearly all film reviewers agreed that the strong acting performance of Vincent D'Onofrio as Hoffman overcame the film’s otherwise minor flaws and modest budget. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steal_This_Movie

Steal This Movie! "Hell No We Won't Go!" Abbie Hoffman
AUDIO:

http://www.apfn.net/pogo/L001I060627-abbie-hoffman.MP3

The World Changers
Abbie Hoffman:
The government became intolerant of Hoffman's repeated attacks of their sacred cows and tried to silence him. Thus, Hoffman became an outlaw political organizer, revolutionary, and activist.
Abbie fought injustice globally and against all forms of governmental suppression. His use of satire and humorous theatrics captured the attention of the media and thus opened society's eyes to the problems at hand. His method of fighting continues to stir the human intellect and challenges us to create a better world for all. This man creatively and through unconventional means enlightened a nation and called them into action. Hoffman shows us all, by his living example that one man alone can make a difference and impact how all of us see the world.
http://www.wc.pdx.edu/abbiehoffman/


Biography

Hoffman was born into a Jewish family in Worcester, Massachusetts, where he attended Worcester Academy and graduated in 1955. He was a graduate of Brandeis University where he studied under Herbert Marcuse, a leading Marxist Critical Theorist associated with the Frankfurt School. In 1960, Hoffman married Sheila Karklin and had two children. They divorced in 1966. In 1967 Hoffman married Anita Kushner. They had one child, america Hoffman, deliberately named using a small "a" to indicate both patriotism and non-jingoistic intent. Although they were effectively separated after Abbie became a fugitive starting in 1973 and he subsequently fell in love with Johanna Lawrenson in 1974 while a fugitive, Abbie and Anita were not formally divorced until 1980.

Prior to his days as a leading figure of the Yippie movement, Hoffman was involved with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and organized "Liberty House", which sold items to support the Civil Rights Movement in the southern United States. During the Vietnam War, Hoffman was an anti-war activist who used deliberately comical and theatrical tactics, such as a mass demonstration in which over 50,000 people unsuccessfully attempted to levitate The Pentagon using psychic energy.[1] Hoffman was also successful at turning many "flower children" into political activists.[1] Another wartime trick was his announcement that the newest high was bananas inserted rectally. His hope was that Pentagon scientists would try this. [citation needed]

One of Hoffman's protests was on August 24, 1967; when he led a group opposed to capitalism (and other things, including the Vietnam War) in the gallery of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). The protestors threw fistfuls of (mostly fake) dollar bills down to the traders below, some of whom booed, while others began to scramble frantically to grab the money as fast as they could. Hoffman claimed to be pointing out that, metaphorically, that's what NYSE traders "were already doing".[citation needed] The NYSE then installed barriers in the gallery, to prevent this kind of protest from interfering with trading again.[2]

Hoffman was arrested for conspiracy and inciting to riot as a result of his role in protests that led to violent confrontations with police during the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois. [citation needed] He was among the group that came to be known as the Chicago Seven (Formerly known as the Chicago Eight), which also included fellow Yippies Jerry Rubin and Juice Box, Black Panther Party co-founder Bobby Seale and several other radical activists, including future California state senator Tom Hayden. Abbie Hoffman's courtroom antics frequently grabbed the headlines; one day, defendants Hoffman and Rubin appeared in court dressed in judicial robes, while on another day, Hoffman was sworn in as a witness with his hand giving the finger. At sentencing (the convictions were ultimately overturned), Hoffman suggested the judge try LSD and offered to set him up with "a dealer he knew in Florida." [citation needed]

At Woodstock in 1969, Hoffman interrupted The Who's performance to attempt a protest speech against the jailing of John Sinclair of the White Panther Party. He grabbed a microphone and yelled, "I think this is a pile of shit! While John Sinclair rots in prison ...". The Who's guitarist, Pete Townshend, unhappy with the interruption, cut Hoffman off mid-sentence, snarling, "Fuck off! Fuck off my fucking stage!" He then struck Hoffman with his guitar, sending him tumbling offstage. Townshend later said he actually agreed with Hoffman on Sinclair's imprisonment, though he made the point that he would have knocked him offstage regardless of his message.

According to Hoffman, in his autobiography, the incident played out like this, "If you ever heard about me in connection with the festival it was not for playing Florence Nightingale to the flower children. What you heard was the following: 'Oh, him, yeah, didn't he grab the microphone, try to make a speech when Peter Townshend cracked him over the head with his guitar?' I've seen countless references to the incident, even a mammoth mural of the scene. What I've failed to find was a single photo of the incident. Why? Because it didn't really happen.

"I grabbed the microphone all right and made a little speech about John Sinclair, who had just been sentenced to ten years in the Michigan State Penitentiary for giving two joints of grass to two undercover cops, and how we should take the strength we had at Woodstock home to free our brothers and sisters in jail. Something like that. Townshend, who had been tuning up, turned around and bumped into me. A nonincident really. Hundreds of photos and miles of film exist depicting the events on that stage, but none of this much-talked about scene."

Hoffman was arrested in 1973 on drug charges for intent to sell & distribute cocaine. He subsequently skipped bail and ran from authorities for several years. Despite being "in hiding", during part of this period under the name "Barry Freed" he successfully helped coordinate an environmental campaign to preserve the St. Lawrence Seaway. In 1980 he surrendered to authorities and received a one year sentence. On September 4, 1980 he appeared on 20/20 in an interview with Barbara Walters. Hoffman continued to be an influential radical journalist, contributing to the radical Ramparts Magazine. His Playboy Magazine article (October, 1988) outlining the connections that constitute the "October Surprise" brought that alleged conspiracy to the attention of a wide-ranging American readership for the first time.

Hoffman suffered from bipolar disorder (Jezer, 1993), and was found dead on April 12, 1989 at the age of 52. His death was caused by swallowing 150 Phenobarbital pills. He was known to have been distraught over his elderly mother (Florence)'s cancer diagnosis. [citation needed]

His life was dramatized in the 2000 film Steal This Movie.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbie_Hoffman


Abbie Hoffman Quotes:


A modern revolutionary group heads for the television station.
Abbie Hoffman

Avoid all needle drugs, the only dope worth shooting is Richard Nixon.
Abbie Hoffman

Become an internationalist and learn to respect all life. Make war on machines. And in particular the sterile machines of corporate death and the robots that guard them.
Abbie Hoffman

I believe in compulsory cannibalism. If people were forced to eat what they killed, there would be no more wars.
Abbie Hoffman

I was probably the only revolutionary referred to as cute.
Abbie Hoffman

Once you get the right image the details aren't that important.
Abbie Hoffman

Revolution is not something fixed in ideology, nor is it something fashioned to a particular decade. It is a perpetual process embedded in the human spirit.
Abbie Hoffman

Sacred cows make the tastiest hamburger.
Abbie Hoffman

Structure is more important than content in the transmission of information.
Abbie Hoffman

The first duty of a revolutionary is to get away with it.
Abbie Hoffman

The key to organizing an alternative society is to organize people around what they can do, and more importantly, what they want to do.
Abbie Hoffman

The only way to support a revolution is to make your own.
Abbie Hoffman

To steal from a brother or sister is evil. To not steal from the institutions that are the pillars of the Pig Empire is equally immoral.
Abbie Hoffman
http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/a/abbiehoffm125088.html


 

 

FBI Freedom of Information Act:

Abbie (Abbott) Hoffman
4,101 pages FBI File
________________________________________
Abbie Hoffman, 1960s and 70s activist and anarchist, was Co-Founder of Youth International Party (YIP a.k.a. Yippies) and one of "Chicago Seven". He was the subject of a security investigation in 1968 in view of his anarchist actions, as well as an anti-riot law investigation as a result of his leadership in disturbances at the 1968 Democratic National Convention (DEMCON) in Chicago.

Part 1a

Part 6b

Part 13

Part 16

Part 23a

Part 1b

Part 07

Part 14a

Part 17

Part 23b

Part 02

Part 8a

Part 14b

Part 18

Part 24a

Part 03

Part 8b

Part 15

Part 19

Part 24b

Part 04

Part 09

Part 13

Part 20

Part 25a

Part 5a

Part 10

Part 14a

Part 21

Part 25b

Part 5b

Part 11

Part 14b

Part 22a

Part 25c

Part 6a

Part 12

Part 15

Part 22b

Part 25d     Part 26

http://web.archive.org/web/20000621201955/http://foia.fbi.gov/hoffsum.htm


"The Chicago Seven" Trial
1969 - 1970

http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/chicago7.html

The Chicago Seven Trial: A Chronology
1960
Abbie Hoffman said he was "pychologically born" in this year.

October, 1967
Hoffman arrested while attempting to measure the Pentagon.

December, 1967
Hoffman and Rubin meet to discuss possibility of having demonstrations at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

January 24, 1968
The National Mobilization Committee (MOBE) meets in New York to discuss possible demonstrations in Chicago. Dellinger, Davis, and Hayden are in attendence.

March 17, 1968
A press conference is held to announce that the Yippies will sponsor a "Festival of Life" in Chicago during the upcoming Democratic Convention.

March 23, 1968
A meeting sponsored by MOBE is held near Chicago to debate whether to hold demonstrations at the Convention. In attendence are Dellinger, Davis, Hayden, Hoffman, and Rubin.

March 26, 1968
Yippies submit application for demonstrations to Chicago Parks Department.

April 11, 1968
Amid concerns about rising protests of the Viet Nam War, Congress enacts the Anti-Riot Act of 1968.

August 5, 1968
Deputy Mayor Stahl indicates his unwillingness to grant permit application for sleeping in Chicago parks.

August 9, 1968
A National Mobilization Committee meeting is held in Chicago to discuss planned demonstrations. Davis allegedly suggests disrupting traffic and creating havoc in the Loop.

August 14, 1968
ACLU suit seeking an injunction requiring issuance of permit is withdrawn after hearing amid concerns that court might instead enjoin demonstrators.

August 22, 1968
Davis tells city officials it would be "suicide" not to allow demonstrators to sleep in city parks.

August 23, 1968
Classes are held in Lincoln Park on karate, snake dancing, and other means of self-defense. Police post "11 p.m. curfew" signs in park trees.

August 24, 1968
A meeting is held to discuss whether to obey city's 11 p.m. curfew.

August 25, 1968
Police club persons attending a music festival in Lincoln Park who refuse to leave at curfew. Davis and Hayden meet to lead march to the Conrad Hilton, the main Convention hotel. At 9 p.m., police confront and attack some demonstrators. Rubin allegedly urges demonstrators to attack police. At 10:30 p.m., two police officers observe Hayden letting the air out of tires of their police car.

August 26, 1968
Hoffman calls Deputy Mayor Stahl to protest decision to forcibly drive people out of park. Hayden is arrested in the afternoon for the squad car incident. Hoffman and Rubin allegedly urge demonstrators to hold Lincoln Park. Davis urges demonstrators "Don't let the pigs take the hill (high ground near a statue in the park)." About 3,000 demonstrators gathered in park for chanting, singing songs, and talking are attacked by police with clubs and tear gas after 11 p.m. curfew.

August 27, 1968
Allan Ginsberg leads a sunrise service that includes chanting, prayers, and meditation. About 4,000 gather at a rally in the Chicago Coliseum to hear Dellinger, Hoffman, folksinger Phil Ochs, novelist William Burroughs and others. A planned march to the Amphitheatre, site of the Democratic National Convention, is discussed. Bobby Seale addressed a crowd of about 2,000 in Lincoln Park. Seale's address is observed by undercover police officer Robert Pierson. At 11:20 p.m. in Lincoln Park, police charge and beat demonstrators. Some enraged demonstrators smash windows and streetlights. Violent encounters between police and demonstrators occur in the streets near Grant Park.

August 28, 1968
Hoffman is arrested while having breakfast for having the word "Fuck" on his forehead. Dellinger, Seale, Davis, and Hayden address 10,000 to 15,000 demonstrators at the bandshell in Grant Park, opposite the Hilton. Democrats nominate Hubert Humphrey as their candidate for President. Dellinger announces that he will lead a march to the Amphitheatre. The march is stopped by police. Demonstators are attacked by police with teargas and clubs at Balbo and Michigan and other locations in the area.

August 29, 1968
Senator Eugene McCarthy, Dick Gregory are among others who address a crowd in Grant Park. Hoffman allegedly proposes the kidnapping of Superintendent Rochford.

November 5, 1968
Nixon narrowly defeats Humphrey in the presidential election. Many blame Humphrey's defeat on the rioting and division at the Democratic Convention.

March 20, 1969
A federal grand jury indicts the Chicago Eight.

April 9, 1969
The Chicago Eight are arraigned.

August, 1969
Bobby Seale is arrested in connection with Connecticut charges of murder.

September 24, 1969
The trial of the Chicago Eight begins in Chicago before Judge Julius Hoffman.

October 29 to November 3, 1969
Because of his courtroom outbursts, Bobby Seale is ordered bound and gagged.

November 5, 1969
The trial of Seale is severed from the trial of what now becomes the Chicago Seven.

February 14, 1970
The case goes to the jury.

February 18, 1970
The jury returns its verdict, finding five of the seven defendants guilty of violating the Anti-Riot Act of 1968. Froines and Weiner are acquitted.

February 20, 1970
Judge Hoffman sentences the convicted defendants.

May 11, 1972
The Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals reverses the contempt convictions of the Chicago Seven and their two defense attorneys, Leonard Weinglass and William Kunstler.

November 21, 1972
The Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals reverses the convictions of Hoffman, Rubin, Dellinger, Davis, and Hayden.

1974
Hoffman has plastic surgery and goes underground in upstate New York for seven years to avoid trial on cocaine charges. He serves a sentence in a work-release program in 1981-82.

1983
Judge Julius Hoffman dies at age 87.

April 12, 1989
Abbie Hoffman commits suicide at age 52.

November 28, 1994
Jerry Rubin dies after being hit by a car while jaywalking.

1995
William Kunstler dies of a heart attack.

August, 1996
Tom Hayden, state senator, is a California delegate to the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. Rennie Davis, activist and personal growth lecturer, is also in town.

August 27, 1998
David Dellinger, aged 83, is arrested while demonstrating at a nuclear reactor.
http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/chronology.html


 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
 EASTERN DIVISION
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 

-vs- 

DAVID T. DELLINGER, 
RENNARD C. DAVIS, 
THOMAS E. HAYDEN, 
ABBOTT H. HOFFMAN, 
JERRY C. RUBIN, 
LEE WEINER, 
JOHN R. FROINES, and 
BOBBY G.SEALE 

No. 69CRI80 
Violation: Title 18, 
United States Code, Section 
371, 231 (a) (1) and 2 101 
  INDICTMENT

 The SEPTEMBER 1968 GRAND JURY charges:

    1.     Beginning on or about April 12, 1968, and continuing through on or about August 30, 1968, in the Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division, and elsewhere,
 

  DAVID T. DELLINGER, 
RENNARD C. DAVIS, 
THOMAS E. HAYDEN, 
ABBOTT H. HOFFMAN, 
JERRY C. RUBIN, 
LEE WEINER, 
JOHN R. FROINES and 
BOBBY SEALE, 
 
defendants herein, unlawfully, wilfully and knowingly did combine, conspire, confederate and agree together and with
 
WOLFE B. LOWENTHAL 
STEWART E. ALBERT, 
SIDNEY M. PECK, 
KATHIE BOUDIN, 
SARA C. BROWN, 
CORINA F. FALES, 
BENJAMIN RADFORD, 
BRADFORD FOX, 
THOMAS W. NEUMANN, 
  CRAIG SHIMABUKURO, 
BO TAYLOR, 
DAVID A. BAKER, 
RICHARD BOSCIANO, 
TERRY GROSS, 
DONNA GRIPE, 
BENJAMIN ORITZ, 
JOSEPH TORNABENE and 
RICHARD PALMER 
being co-conspirators not named as defendants herein, and with divers other persons, some known and others unknown to the Grand Jury, to commit offenses against the United States, that is:

        a.    to travel in interstate commerce and use the facilities of interstate commerce with the intent to incite, organize, promote, encourage, participate in, and carry on a riot and to commit acts of violence in furtherance of a riot, and to aid and abet persons in inciting, participating in, and carrying on a riot and committing acts of violence in furtherance of a riot, and during the course of such travel, and use, and thereafter, to perform overt acts for the purpose of inciting, organizing, promoting, encouraging, participating in, and carrying on a riot, and committing acts of violence in furtherance of a riot, and aiding and abetting persons in inciting, participating in, and carrying out a riot, and committing acts of violence in furtherance of a riot, in violation of Section 2101 of Title 18, United States Code;and

        b.    to teach and demonstrate to other persons the use, application, and making of incendiary devices, knowing, having reason to know, and intending that said incendiary devices would be unlawfully employed for use in and in furtherance of civil disorders which may obstruct, delay and adversely affect commerce and the movement of articles and commodities in commerce and the conduct and performance of federally protected functions, in violation of Section 231 (a) (I) of Title 18, United States Code; and,

        c.    to commit acts to obstruct, impede, and interfere with firemen and law enforcement officers lawfully enaged in the lawful performance of their official duties incident to and during the commission of civil disorders which obstruct, delay, and adversely affect commerce and the movement of articles and commodities in commerce and the conduct and performance of federally projected functions in violation of Section 231 (a) (3) of Title 18, United States Code.

    2.    It was a part of said conspiracy that from on or about April 12, 1968, through on or about August 24, 1968, the defendants DAVID T. DELLINGER, RENNARD C. DAVIS, THOMAS E. HAYDEN, ABBOTT H. HOFFMAN and JERRY C. RUBIN, and other co-conspirators not named as defendants herein, would organize and attend various meetings, would publish and cause to be published articles, and would make and cause to be made long distance telephone calls for the purpose of encouraging persons to come to Chicago, Illinois, to participate in massive demonstrations during the period of on or about August 25, 1968, through on or about August 29, 1968.

    3.    It was a further part of said conspiracy that the defendants DAVID T. DELLINGER, RENNARD C. DAVIS and THOMAS E. HAYDEN, and other co-conspirators not named as defendants herein, would maintain and cause to be maintained an office of the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam at 407 South Dearborn Street, Chicago, Illinois, and other "movement centers," to be used for the planning and organizing of activities to take place in Chicago during the period of on or about August 25, 1968, through on or about August 29, 1968.

    4.    It was a further part of said conspiracy that from on or about August 13, 1968, through on or about August 24, 1968, the defendants DAVID T. DELLINGER, RENNARD C. DAVIS, THOMAS E. HAYDEN, ABBOTT H. HOFFMAN, JERRY C. RUBIN, LEE WEINER and JOHN R. FROINES and other co-conspirators not named as defendants herein, would select and cause to be selected persons designated as "marshals" and would conduct and cause to be conducted training sessions for such "marshals" at which instructions would be given in techniques of resisting and obstructing police action, including karate, Japanese snake dancing, methods of freeing persons being arrested, and counter kicks to knee and groin.

    5.    It was further part of said conspiracy that from on or about August 1, 1968, through on or about August 29, 1968, the defendants DAVID T. DELLINGER, RENNARD C. DAVIS, THOMAS E. HAYDEN, ABBOTT H. HOFFMAN, JERRY C. RUBIN, LEE WEINER, JOHN R. FROINES and BOBBY G. SEALE, and other coconspirators not named as defendants herein, would plan, carry into effect, and cause to be carried into effect actions and tactics to be employed by groups of persons in Chicago, Illinois, during the period of on or about August 25, 1 968, through on or about August 29, 1968, which actions and tactics would include but would not be limited to the following:

        a.    large numbers of persons would march to the International Amphitheatre, Chicago, Illinois, even if permits authorizing such marches were denied;

        b.    large numbers of persons would remain in Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois, after 11:00 P.m., even if permits authorizing such persons to remain were denied, and would set up defenses and would attempt to hold the Park against police efforts to clear it, were permits denied;

        c.    large numbers of persons would break windows, set off false fire alarms, set small fires, disable automobiles, create disturbances at various hotels in the Chicago Loop area, and throughout the city of Chicago, for the purpose of disrupting the city and caus-
ing the deployment of military forces;

        d.    on or about August 28, 1968, large numbers of persons would block, obstruct and impede pedestrian and vehicular traffic in the Chicago Loop area, and would occupy and forcibly hold all or part of the Conrad Hilton Hotel in Chicago.

    6.    It was a further part of said conspiracy that from on or about August 25, 1968, through on or about August 29, 1968, the defendants DAVID T. DELLINGER, RENNARD C. DAVIS, THOMAS E. HAYDEN, ABBOTT H. HOFFMAN, JERRY C. RUBIN, LEE WEINER, JOHN R. FROINES and BOBBY G. SEALE, and other coconspirators not named as defendants herein, would make statements and speeches to assemblages of persons encouraging them to remain in and hold Lincoln Park against police efforts to clear it after permits to remain therein had been denied; to march to the International Amphitheatre after permits authorizing such march had been denied; to make weapons to be used against the police; to shout obscenities at, throw objects, threaten and physically assault policemen and National Guard troops; and to obstruct traffic and damage and seize property in the city of Chicago.

    7.    It was a further part of said conspiracy that on or about August 27, 1968, BOBBY G. SEALE would travel to Chicago, Illinois, where he would speak to assemblages of persons for the purpose of inciting, organizing, promoting and encouraging a riot.

    8.    It was a further part of said conspiracy that JOHN R. FROINES and LEE WEINER would teach and demonstrate to other persons the use, application and making of an incendiary device, intending that said incendiary device would be employed to damage the underground garage at Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois, on the evening of August 29, 1968.

    9.    It was a further part of said conspiracy that the defendants and co-conspirators would misrepresent, conceal, and hide and cause to be misrepresented, concealed and hidden, the purpose of and the acts done in furtherance of said conspiracy.

Overt Acts

    At the times hereinafter mentioned the defendants committed, among others, the following overt acts in furtherance of the conspiracy and to effect the objects thereof:

    1.    The Grand Jury realleges and incorporates by reference the allegations contained in Counts 11 through VIII of this indictment, each of which count is alleged as a separate and distinct overt act.

    2.    On or about July 23, 1968, JERRY C. RUBIN spoke to an assemblage of persons at 48th Street and Park Avenue, New York, New York.

    3.    On or about July 25, 1968, THOMAS E. HAYDEN spoke to an assemblage of persons at the Diplomat Hotel, New York, New York.

    4.    On or about August 1, 1968, RENNARD C. DAVIS spoke to an assemblage of persons at 30 West Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois.

    5.    On or about August 15, 1968, RENNARD C. DAVIS, THOMAS E. HAYDEN and JOHN R. FROINES participated in a meeting at Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois.

    6.    On or about August 18, 1968, RENNARD C. DAVIS, LEE WEINER and JOHN R. FROINES participated in a meeting at 1012 North Noble Street, Chicago, Illinois.

    7.    On or about August 20, 1968, RENNARD C. DAVIS, ABBOT H. HOFFMAN, LEE WEINER and JOHN R. FROINES participated in a meeting at the National Mobilization Committee office at 407 South Dearborn Street, Chicago, Illinois.

    8.    On or about August 24,1968, DAVID T. DELLINGER, RENNARD C. DAVIS, THOMAS E. HAYDEN, ABBOTT H. HOFFMAN, LEE WEINER and JOHN R. FROINES attended a "marshal" training session at Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois.

    9.    On or about August 25,1968, DAVID T. DELLINGER, RENNARD C. DAVIS, THOMAS E. HAYDEN and ABBOTT H. HOFFMAN met at the National Mobilization Committee office at 407 South Dearborn Street, Chicago, Illinois.

    10.   On or about August 26,1968, RENNARD C. DAVIS, JERRY C. RUBIN, LEE WEINER, and JOHN R. FROINES met at Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois.

    11.    On or about August 27, 1968, JERRY C. RUBIN, BOBBY G. SEALE and others spoke to an assemblage of persons at Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois.

    12.    On or about August 28, 1968, DAVID T. DELLINGER, THOMAS E. HAYDEN, JERRY C. RUBIN and others spoke to an assemblage of persons at Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois.

    13.    On or about August 29, 1968, LEE WEINER and JOHN R. FROINES engaged in a conversation at Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois.

        All in violation of Section 371 of Title 18, United States Code.

Count II

    The SEPTEMBER 1968 GRAND JURY further charges:
    That during the period beginning on or about July 20, 1968, through on or about August 22, 1968,

DAVID T. DELLINGER,

defendant herein, did travel in interstate commerce from outside the State of Illinois to Chicago, Illinois, Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division, with intent to incite, organize, promote and encourage a riot and, thereafter, on or about August 28, 1968, at Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois, he did speak to an assemblage of persons for the purpose of inciting, organizing, promoting and encouraging a riot, in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 2101.

Count III

    The SEPTEMBER 1968 GRAND JURY further charges:
    That during the period beginning on or about July 20, 1968, through on or about August 1, 1968,

RENNARD C. DAVIS,

defendant herein, did travel in interstate commerce from outside the State of Illinois to Chicago, Illinois, Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division, with intent to incite, organize, promote and encourage a riot, and thereafter, on or about August 1, 1968, at 30 West Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, and on or about August 9, 1968, at 407 South Dearborn Street, Chicago, Illinois, and on or about August 18, 1968, at 1012 North Noble Street, Chicago, Illinois, and on or about August 26, 1968, at Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois, he did speak to assemblages of persons for the purpose of inciting, organizing, promoting and encouraging a riot; in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 2 101.

Count IV

    The SEPTEMBER 1968 GRAND JURY further charges:
    That during the period beginning on or about July 20, 1968, through on or about August 22, 1968,

THOMAS E. HAYDEN,

defendant herein, did travel in interstate commerce from outside the State of Illinois to Chicago, Illinois, Northern District of Illinois.  Eastern Division, with intent to incite, organize, promote and encourage a riot and, thereafter, on or about August 26, 1968, at Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois, he did speak to assemblages of persons for the purposes of inciting, organizing, promoting and encouraging a riot; in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 2101.
 
 

 

Count V

    The SEPTEMBER 1968 GRAND JURY further charges:
    That during the period beginning on or about August 1, 1968, through on or about August 7, 1968,

ABBOTT H. HOFFMAN,

defendant herein, did travel in interstate commerce from outside the State of Illinois to Chicago, Illinois, Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division, with intent to incite, organize, promote and encourage a riot and, thereafter, on or about August 26, 1968, at Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois, and on or about August 27, 1968, at Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois, and on or about August 29, 1968, at Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois, he did speak to assemblages of persons for the purpose of inciting, organizing, promoting, and encouraging a riot; in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 2101.
 
 

 

Count VI

    The SEPTEMBER 1968 GRAND JURY further charges:
    That during the period beginning on or about July 23, 1968, through on or about August 21, 1968,

JERRY C. RUBIN,

defendant herein, did travel in interstate commerce from outside the State of Illinois to Chicago, Illinois, Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division, with intent to incite, organize, promote and encourage a riot and, thereafter, on or about August 25, 1968, at Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois, and on or about August 26, 1968, at Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois, he did speak to assemblages of persons for the purposes of inciting, organizing, promoting and encouraging a riot; in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 2101.

Count VII

The SEPTEMBER 1968 GRAND JURY further charges:
That on or about August 29, 1968, at Chicago, Illinois, in the Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division,

 JOHN R. FROINES and
 LEE WEINER,

defendants herein, did teach and demonstrate to other persons the use, application and making of an incendiary device knowing, having reason to know and intending that said incendiary device would be unlawfully employed for use in and in furtherance of a civil disorder which may obstruct, delay and adversely affect commerce and the movement of articles and commodities in commerce; in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 231 (a) (1).
 
 

 

 Count VIII

The SEPTEMBER 1968 GRAND JURY further charges:
That on or about August 27, 1968,

 BOBBY G. SEALE,

defendant herein, did travel in interstate commerce from outside the State of Illinois to Chicago, Illinois, Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division, with intent to incite, organize, promote and encourage a riot and, thereafter, on or about August 27, 1968, at Lincoln Park, Chicago, Illinois, and on or about August 28, 1968, at Grant Park, Chicago, Illinois, he did speak to assemblages of persons for the purposes of inciting, organizing, promoting and encouraging a riot; in violation of Title 18, United States Code, Section 2101.

http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/indictment.html


Key Figures in the Chicago Seven Trial

THE DEFENDANTS   
Abbie Hoffman  
Jerry Rubin  
David Dellinger  
Rennie Davis  
Tom Hayden 
John Froines 
Lee Weiner
Bobby Seale
DEFENSE LAWYERS  
 William Kunstler   
Leonard Weinglass
PROSECUTORS   
  Richard Schultz    
Thomas Foran
THE JUDGE  
Julius Hoffman
THE MAYOR   
Richard Daley

http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/CHI7_BIOG.html

 

The Chicago Seven Trial: Audio Clips
(requires real audio)

Defense Attorney William Kunstler (1971,72 seconds, 149K)
Defendant Abbie Hoffman (1970, 66 seconds, 135K)**
Defendant Tom Hayden (1970, 27 seconds,55K)**
Defendant Rennie Davis (1970, 41 seconds, 84K)**
Defendant Jerry Rubin (1970, 56 seconds, 104K)**
Prosecutor Thomas Foran (1970, 13 seconds, 27K)
Prosecutor Richard Schultz (1970,16 seconds, 33K)
Country Joe McDonald, Witness (1970, 55 seconds, 111K)**
Norman Mailer, Witness (1970, 132 seconds, 270K)**
Julian Bond, Witness (1970, 60 seconds, 123K)** http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/audio.html

MAPS:

Map 1.                                    Map 2.

     

http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/mappage.html

Contempt specifications against Abbie Hoffman

Contempt specifications against William Kuntsler

Decision of the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals reversing Judge Hoffman's decisions concerning contempt specifications

Chicago Seven Trial Transcript  http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/contempt.html

ABBIE HOFFMAN WAS NOT FAMOUS!
http://web.archive.org/web/20040225080754/http://free.freespeech.org/kokopeli/abbie.html

Abbie Hoffman
Abbie Hoffman was a leader of the Youth International Party. At trial, Hoffman described himself as "an orphan of America" and "a child of Woodstock Nation." He was, perhaps, the most intriguing figure in Judge Hoffman's courtroom. Hoffman believed that identity is defined by myth propagated through the media.
Hoffman was born in Worcester, Massachusetts on November 30, 1936. He graduated from Brandeis in 1959, then picked up a master's degree at Berkeley. In the early 1960's, he returned to Worcester to work as a psychologist in a state hospital. His career in political activism began with his work for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in the South. Hoffman was still relatively straight until 1966 when he turned onto drugs and began the loosely organized Yippie movement.
Hoffman went underwent plastic surgery and assumed the underground alias of "Barry Freed" in 1974 to avoid trial on charges of possessing cocaine. He stayed underground in upper New York state until 1980, when he surrendered to authorities. He was sentenced to a work-release program in 1981-82, then resumed his life of political activism. In 1987, Hoffman was arrested for the forty-second time while protesting CIA recruitment at the University of Massachusetts with Amy Carter and thirteen others.
At a 1988 reunion of the Chicago Seven, Hoffman described himself as "an American dissident. I don't think my goals have changed since I was four and I fought schoolyard bullies."
On April 12, 1989, Hoffman was found dead at his home in New Hope, Pennsylvania. The death was later ruled a suicide.
http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/hoffmanA.html

PHOTOS:

                   Chicago Seven                                                                     Rally at Logan Statue

                                             Demonstrators mass along Michigan Ave                                                           Riot Scene

Police and Demonstrators


The Chicago Seven Trial: In Their Own Words

"It's going to be a combination Scopes trial, revolution in the streets, Woodstock Festival and People's Park, all rolled into one." -- Abbie Hoffman
* * * *
"It's going to be the most important political trial in the history of the United States." -- Jay Miller, director of the Illinois Division of the American Civil Liberties Union

* * * *
"This is a criminal trial, not a political trial. I intend to play it as straight as possible. They can monopolize the rhetoric. I'm interested in the jury." -- Thomas Aquinas Foran, the United States Attorney

* * * *
"Gentlemen, let's get something straight. The police aren't in the streets to create disorder; they are in the streets to preserve disorder." -- Mayor Richard Daley
* * * *
ABBIE HOFFMAN: Are you asking if I had those thoughts or if I wrote that I had those thoughts? There's a difference.
RICHARD G. SCHULTZ, THE ASSISTANT U.S. ATTORNEY: It's a convenient difference, isn't it Mr. Hoffman?

ABBIE HOFFMAN: I don't know what you mean. I've never been on trial for my thoughts before.

* * * *
"Those who incite to violence should be punished whether or not freedom of speech is impaired."
-- Congressman Robert L.F. Sikes (Democrat, Florida), during debate on the "antiriot' provisions of the 1968 Civil Rights Act.

* * * *
"The Conspiracy in the streets needs: freedom, actors, peace, turf, money, sunshine, musicians, instruments, people, props, cars, air, water, costumes, sound equipment, love, guns, freaks, friends, anarchy, Huey free, a truck, airplanes, power, glory, old clothes, space, truth, Nero, paint, paint, help, rope, swimming hole, ice cream, dope, nookie, moonship, Om, lords, health, no hassles, land, pigs, time, patriots, spacesuits, a Buick, people's justice, Eldridge, lumber, panthers, real things, good times." -- Leaflet handed out by the Conspiracy office in the week before the trial.
* * * *
"Conspiracy? Hell, we couldn't agree on lunch." -- Abbie Hoffman

* * * *
"They understood that you didn't have to attack the fortress anymore. You could just surround it, make faces at the people inside and let them have nervous breakdowns and destroy themselves." -- Norman Mailer
* * * *
"Would you like your children to grow up like them?" -- A Chicago Seven Trial juror
* * * *
"Our strategy was to give Judge Hoffman a heart attack. We gave the court system a heart attack, which is even better." -- Jerry Rubin
http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/OwnWords.html


The Chicago Seven Trial: A Bibliography
http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/Chicago7/Bibliography.html

THE MIAMI SEVEN
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/miami7.htm

Welcome to Hippyland's Archives!
The Archives are available for students and researchers to study this fascinating period in history.
http://www.hippy.com/php/article-100.html

THEN AND NOW!

THEN:

A Trip Through The Sixties

Protesters in D.C.

Massive Protest at the Pentagon

Student lies dead after National Guard attacked protesters at Kent State University


"The Establishment... has led us into the stupidest and cruelest war in all history. That war is a moral and political disaster -- a terrible cancer eating away at the soul of our nation."
-George McGovern


The Anti-War Movement
We bled inside each other's wounds
we had caught the same disease
we all sang the songs of peace.
Melanie - Lay Down
http://www.hippy.com/php/article-203.html

Kent State forever linked with Vietnam War era
http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/views/y/2000/04/tuchman.kentstate.may4/

Sir No Sir! - Theatrical Trailers
http://www.sirnosir.com/home_filmtrailers.html

2002-2006 NOW!

Police State America:
Short video shows how police use surveillance of U.S. citizens who participate in Anti-War protest

http://informationclearinghouse.info/article13018.htm

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