"The Oklahoma City Bombing and The Politics of Terror"
1143. * Victor Marchetti aptly summed up this philosophy by examining former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger: "He's power-mad, a manipulator of events. I don't think he does it for any ideological reason, just out of instinct. I don't think he understands what this country is all about. To him, everything is a deal "
1144. * As Al Martin, an Iran-Contra player, said, "Oklahoma City begins with Iran-Contra. If you want to understand Oklahoma, start with Iran-Contra."
1145. 838. Affidavit of Colonel Edward P. Cutolo, commander of the 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, 3/11/80, copy in author's possession.
1146. 839. Maas, p. 286. The C-4 came from J.S. Brower & Associates.
1147. ** On July 3, 1976, Israeli commandos raided the Ugandan airport at Entebbe after one of their airliners had been hijacked by the PLO. McKenzie was instrumental in helping the Israelis, who had used Kenya as a staging area. In his book, Manhunt, Peter Maas describes what McKenzie got for his efforts: "Although he had been counseled not to, McKenzie went to Uganda as part of a Kenya trade mission to patch up relations with Idi Amin. The warnings seemed unnecessary. Amin himself was on hand to bid McKenzie good-bye, presenting him with the traditional Ugandan friendship gift, an African Antelope's head. Soon after McKenzie's plane took off, it blew up. Inside the Antelope head was a bomb, placed there by Frank Terpil."
1148. Gene Wheaton, IBEX;s subsequent director of security who investigated the murders, claims Shackley, Clines, Hakim, Rafael "Chi Chi" Quintero, and Secord are all linked to the murders. John Harper would later show up in Honduras training the Contras in the use of explosives.
1149. 840. Kwitny, Op Cit., p. 103.
1150. 841. Hoppy Heidelberg and Ted Gundersen, interviews with author. Recall that Heidelberg heard McVeigh's sister Jennifer read the letter into testimony.
1151. * Dewy Clarridge and Oliver North were in charge of the harbor mining operation. Moore's friend Don Aranow, owner of Magnum Marina, which had the original contract to build the boats, gave the contract to Moore. Aranow was killed one day before he was to testify at the Iran-Contra hearings.
1152. ** My source told me that Moore's FBI contact was Tom Ross out of Hot Springs, Arkansas, one of Ollie North's "damage control" men. "
1153. 842. Nolan Clay, "Robbery Victim's Alliances Promise Drama in Nichols' Trial," Daily Oklahoman, 11/9/97.
1154. 843. AEI articles of incorporation. The president of AEI, Harry Huge, was a partner in the law firm of Rogovin, Huge, and Schiller.
1155. 844. Cliff Lewis, interview with author. Mujeeb Cheema, interview with author.
1156. * Interestingly, some of Khalid's workers were spotted in a Tulsa nightclub, The Ocean Club, which is curious, since Tulsa is 100 miles from Oklahoma City. McFarlane would not return repeated calls.
1157. 845. Indeed, a major terrorism summit sponsored by Tehran in June of 1996 saw delegates from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and other Mid-East and African states, as well as Bosnia-Herzegovina, Germany, France, Britain, Canada, and the U.S. come together to form a joint working committee under the command of the new HizbAllah International--transforming that group into "the vanguard of the revolution" of the Muslim world.
1158. 846. Timothy McVeigh's Petition for Writ of Mandamus, 3/25/97, p. 81. Jones points out, given the issue of the credibility of the information, that the head of Saudi Intelligence is the King's own son.
1159. * As former high-ranking CIA official Victor Marchetti explained, "They're smart enough always to work through other parties. Generally, the dirtier the work is, the more likely it is to be farmed out."
1160. ** Some of the members of ZR/RIFLE, such as Felix Rodriguez (AKA: Max Gomez), and the leader of CORU, Frank Castro, would go on to form the nucleus of the Contra drugs-for-guns operation.
1161. 847. Scott and Marshall, Op Cit., p. 16.
1162. 848. Deirdre Griswold "Cuba Defended Itself, Washington Is The Terrorist," Workers World, 3/7/96; Jack Calhoun, "The Family that Prays Together," Covert Action Quarterly, Summer, 1992; also see Thomas & Keith.
1163. * This is not surprising, as it has been alleged by former CIA agents that Bush allowed the Agency to use his off-shore oil drilling company, Zapata Oil, as a front for numerous CIA operations, including the Bay of Pigs invasion.
1164. 849. Friedman, Op Cit.
1165. 850. Ibid.
1166. 851. Mary Ann Weaver, "Blowback," The Atlantic Monthly, May, 1996.
1167. * Recall that another one of the CIA's "valuable assets," Mir Aimal Kansi, opened fire with an AK-47 outside of CIA headquarters in January, 1993, killing two Agency employees. Like World Trade Center bomber Ramzi Yousef, he fled to Pakistan.
1168. 852. Friedman, Op Cit.
1169. * Egyptian President Hosani Mubarak claimed that Sheik Rahman was connected to the CIA. (Las Vegas Sun, 8/1/93)
1170. 853. Peter Waldman and Frances A. McMorris, "The Other Trial: As Sheik Omar Case Nears End, Neither Side Looks Like a Winner," Wall Street Journal, 9/22/95.
1171. ** As William Norman Grigg, writing in the New American points out, "The FBI engaged in a curiously timed fit of incompetence when the opportunity arose for a preemptive strike against Sheik Omar's network. Following the shooting of Rabbi Meir Kahane in November 1990, the FBI seized and impounded 49 boxes of documents from Nosair's New Jersey apartment; the cache included bomb-making instructions, a hit list of public figures (including Kahane), paramilitary training materials, detailed pictures of famous buildings (including the World Trade Center), and sermons by Sheik Omar urging his followers to 'destroy the edifices of capitalism."'
1172. 854. National Review, 7/10/95, quoted in Ibid.; Curt Gentry, J. Edgar Hoover: The Man and the Secrets (New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 1991), p. 484.
1173. * Not only was Rowe never prosecuted, the FBI paid his medical bills and gave him a $125 bonus for "services rendered."
1174. 855. Donner, Op Cit., p. 365
1175. 856. Frank Donner, Protectors of Privilege: Red Squads and Police Repression in America, (Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA, University of California Press: 1990), p. 360
1176. 857. Ward and Churchill, Op Cit., p. 181; Washington Post, 7/15/80; New York Times' 5/15/80, quoted in Ibid.
1177. 858. Gene Wheaton, interview with author.
1178. * Using such individuals would also prove far easier than attempting to recruit American operatives, even hardened killers. The potential recruits willing to kill American men, women and children would be far more numerous among foreigners with a vendetta against the U.S.
1179. 859. Intelligence Newsletter (France), April 1993; Unclassfied, National Association of Security Alumni, date unknown.
1180. * Kansi's original target was believed to have been CIA Director Robert Gates.
1181. 860. Ben MacIntrye, London Times, 4/21/95, quoted in Keith, Op Cit., p. 154.
1182. ** Curiously, Robert Jerlow, KFOR's private investigator, spotted the FBI watching al-Hussaini at the same time he was. Would this subsume that Hussaini was not part of an FBI-sanctioned operation?
1183. ** It is also curious why one prominent alternative investigator ignored the Middle Eastern lead altogether, focusing solely on Elohim City. What this alleged reporter consistently missed is the dismembered military leg found in the rubble, the numerous witnesses who saw Middle Eastern suspects, and the APB on the brown pick-up driven by al-Hussaini. This reporter even went so far as to suggest that the men in the pick-up were Dennis Mahon and his comrades dressed up as Arabs! Given the scenario of a "second-level damage-control" operation steering critics of the government's case solely onto Elohim City, it can be surmised that at least some of the real bombers were part of the Middle Eastern contingent, and were CIA/FBI controlled, supplied and activated. This would explain why Gagan's involvement in the Middle Eastern cell was apparently ignored by the FBI. It would explain why Gagan was asked by an covert operative to deliver a Lely mixer to Junction City. And it would explain why the FBI cleared Hussain al-Hussaini, and why Sam Khalid acted so non-chalant when confronted with evidence of his involvement.
1184. 861. Statement of Jane Graham, 11/15/96.
1185. 862. Jane Graham, video deposition of 8/20/97 and interview with author.
1186. * As previously mentioned, representatives of the electric, telephone and gas companies, as well as local contractors bidding ona GSA renovation project, all denied having workmen who fit the mens' description at that location.
1187. ** Also recall that on the same day or the following Monday, VA employees Dennis Jackson and Craig Freeman saw a suspicious group of Arabs inside the building after hours. One of them closely matched the description of the suspect seen with "McVeigh" by Phyliss Kingsley at the Hi-Way Grill that Sunday. They exited, said Freeman, towards the underground parking garage.
1188. Moreover, why would he do it so conspicuously, running a red light, attracting the attention of the police? This makes about as much sense as flying down the highway at 80 mph without a license plate.
1189. 863. Jane Graham, interview with author. Graham is a friend and co-worker of Johnston's.
1190. * How interesting that McVeigh and his co-conspirator would be loitering around the scene of such a heinous crime, right next to his readily identifiable yellow Mercury.
1191. 864. Statement of Jane Graham, 11/15/96.
1192. ** When Francis Gary Powers' U-2 spy plane was discovered and shot down over Soviet air space, he failed to pull the destruct ring. Powers suspected that the CIA had it hooked to a zero-delay fuse--so he bailed out without activating the self-destruct. Unfortunately, he had a fatal helicopter crash the week before he was supposed to testify before the House Select Assassination Committee.
1193. * It has been well-documented that the FBI and ATF illegaly leveled the crime scene at Waco, which was supposed to be under the jurisdiction of Texas Rangers; destroying evidence that ATF helicopters had indiscriminately fired into the roofs of the building at the beginning of the raid killing several people; had fired at the front door well before any shots had been fired in return, and had set explosive charges on top of a concrete vault in which women and children were hiding to escape the fire set. The front door (a metal door) which would have proved the second allegation was later found to be mysteriously "missing."
1194. 865. Tim Weiner, "Aging Shop of Horrors: The C.I.A. Limps to 50," New York Times, 7/20/97. As Milt Bearden, the Agency's last chief of Soviet operations, said, "The collapse of our enemy ensured our own demise." "We're a confused group, dying for stability," the Agency's Inspector General, Fred Hitz, said in a May speech.
1195. * It is interesting to examine this from the perspective of the German BND, the intelligence organization founded by Reinhard Gehlen at the behest of the CIA after WWII. Gehlen had been Hitler's senior intelligence officer on the Eastern Front, commanding the Fremde Heere Ost or "Foreign Armies East." The U.S. Government absorbed the Gehlen Org into its emerging intelligence apparatus (the CIA) in its entirety, in the belief that Gehlen's still largely intact network of spies would prove invaluable in America's fight against the Soviets. Walter Schellenberg, ex-head of Nazi foreign intelligence, claimed to author William Stevenson that Gehlen's organization was primarily a front for escaping Nazi war criminals. It was ultimately proved that approximately 90 percent of the "intelligence" coming out of the Gehlen Org regarding the Soviet threat, which led to the rise of the Cold War, was false, but was used by Gehlen and his Nazi comrades to perpetuate his organization.
1196. * Iron Mountain is supposedly a nuclear corporate hideout in Hudson, NY, similar to Mt. Weather in Virginia. It is also a reference to the town of Hudson, N.Y. where, at the Hudson Institute, war games and studies on future life were developed under the direction of Herman Kahn for governmental and private agencies. Kahn did not claim authorship however. As for Leonard Lewin, who finally claimed authorship of the report in 1972, "as a hoax," said that his intent was "to caricature the bankruptcy of the think-tank mentality by pursuing its style of scientistic thinking to its logical ends." Interestingly, the New York Times wrote "Many analysts believe that the report reflects a grasp of the Washington scene as well as an understanding of social psychology, ecology, economics and sociology that is beyond the ability of most satirists." Arthur I. Waskow of the Institute for Policy Studies told the Times he was surprised to see one of his privately circulated reports mentioned in the book. Waskow added that only about 60 people in Washington saw the report, "[so] if it's a hoax, it must involve somebody high up," he said. (New York Times, 11/1/67)
1197. 866. Leonard C. Lewin, Report from Iron Mountain on the Possibility and Desirability of Peace (New York, NY: Simon & Schuster/Free Press, 1996); Victor Navasky, "Anatomy of a Hoax," The Nation, 6/12/95; Robert Tomsho, "A Cause for Fear; Though Called a Hoax, 'Iron Mountain' Report Guides Some Militias," Wall Street Journal, 5/9/95, quoted in "Report from Iron Mountain: A Fraud?" Conspiracy Nation, Vol. 5 No. 8.
1198. ** In much the same way as George Orwell's 1984 seems to be coming to pass today.
1199. * Emphasis mine.
1200. 867. Lewin, Op Cit., pp.94-96.
1201. * Emphasis mine.
1202. 868. Foreign Affairs, June/July, 1995.
1203. 869. Rappaport, Op Cit.
1204. 870. DeCamp, Op Cit., p. 380.
1205. * As Report from Iron Mountain states: "War supplies the basis for the general acceptance of political authority" which "has enabled societies to maintain necessary class distinctions," and "ensured the subordination of the citizen to the state ."
1206. 871. Noam Chomsky, Alternative Press Review, Fall, 1993.
1207. 872. David P. Hamilton and Bill Spindle, "Tokyo's Threat Was Just in Jest, But Some Call It a U.S. Backlash," The Wall Street Journal, 6/25/97. As the Journal noted: "offering to sell even a portion of that amount would likely send the Treasury market into a free fall. "
1208. 873. The majority of militia members are nonviolent and some have assisted the bureau in its investigations, he said.
1209. 874. William Jasper, "Enemies of World Order," The New American, 6/23/97.
1210. 875. DeCamp, Op Cit., p. 382.
1211. * As another famous politician once declared: "The streets of our country are in turmoil. The universities are filled with students rebelling and rioting. Communists are seeking to destroy our country. Russia is threatening us with her might. And the Republic is in danger. Yes, danger from within and without. We need law and order. Without law and order our nation cannot survive." The politician who made that famous statement was Adolph Hitler.
1212. ** George Mintzer, the director of criminal investigations of the U.S. Southern District Attorney's Office from 1926 to 1931, maintained files on over 32,000 "subversive" Americans at the behest of his boss, Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, a man who had close links with the ADL. Mintzer's files were made available to the Office of Naval Intelligence, the State Department, and to the FBI. In the mid-1950s, New York publisher Lyle Stuart exposed how the ADL was actually financing a rag-tag "neo-Nazi" group, which would engage in loud demonstrations outside synagogues at precisely the same time that the ADL was engaging in anti-Nazi fund-raising efforts. What is also interesting is that the ADL played a large role in protecting Mob figures such as Meyer Lansky, smearing potential law enforcement opponents as "Anti-Semetic." (Dope, Inc.: The Book That Drove Kissinger Crazy, (Washington DC: Executive Intelligence Review, 1992). p. 582; The Spotlight, 5/26/97)
1213. 876. "The Truth Steps Out: End of Blind Trust in the Media," Relevance, April, 1997.
1214. 877. Daniel Brandt, "The 1960s and COINTELPRO: In Defense of Paranoia," NameBase NewsLine, No. 10, July-September 1995.
1215. * A recent Scripps Howard News Service and Scripps School of Journalism poll of "conspiracy fears" revealed that 40% of Americans think it is very likely or somewhat likely that the FBI deliberately set the fires at Waco; 51% believe federal officials were responsible for the Kennedy assassination; 52% believe that it is very or somewhat likely that the CIA pushes drugs in the inner-cities; 39% believe it is very likely the U.S. Navy accidentally or purposefully shot down TWA Flight 800. 80% believe that the military is withholding evidence of Iraqi use of nerve gas or germ warfare during the Gulf War. Yet in the wake of the Oklahoma City bombing, 58 percent of Americans surveyed by the Los Angeles Times indicated they would trade some civil liberties if it would help thwart terrorism. Another poll, taken after the bombing by the Associated Press, revealed that 54 percent of Americans were willing to trade off some of their rights to prevent more Oklahoma City-style attacks. A poll taken during the Bush administration revealed that 60 percent of the population said that they would give up their rights to win the drug war
1216. 878. Rep. Steve Stockman, letter to Attorney General Janet Reno, 3/22/95, copy in author's possession.
1217. 879. Ibid.
1218. * Foster had allegedly used Pollard, a low-level naval intelligence analyst, on behalf of Reagan, Bush, and Casper Weinberger, to convey data to the Israelis. The favor was in return for Israel's help in trans-shipping U.S. weapons to Iran, as a pay-off for delaying the release of the American hostages, thereby defeating Jimmy Carter's bid for re-election. That scandal was known as "October Surprise." A federal judge, a Clinton crony, has kept the indictment sealed to this day.
1219. * The C-21 Lear Jet is a highly reliable aircraft. This particular plane was part of the presidential fleet based at Andrews Air Force base. According to military sources, the pilots who fly them are the best of the best. Clark Fiester, an assistant Air Force secretary for acquisitions, served on the NSA advisory board. Other ranking personnel were Maj. Gen. Glenn Profitt II, and Col. Jack Clark II. ("Rescuers Find Recorders in Military Crash," Washington Post (Reuters), 4/18/95; "The Eight Who died in Ala. Crash," Air Forces Monthly, date unknown; Alexander City Outlook, 4/18/95; Joe L. Jordan, National Vietnam P.O.W. Strike force; other information from confidential sources.)
1220. ** The downing was suspiciously similar to the U.S. Air Force plane carrying Commerce Secretary Ron Brown that crashed in Bosnia on April 3, 1996, killing all 35 people. While the major news media attributed the crash to foul weather, the Air Force investigation report concluded that "the weather was not a substantially contributing factor to this mishap." The pilot had nearly 3,000 flight hours, and the co-pilot had even more. Five other planes had landed at the airport without difficulty in the minutes before the crash, and none experienced problems with the navigation beacons. The Air Force also skipped the first step of its investigative process, known as a safety board, in which all crashes are treated as suspicious, and went imediately to the second phase, an accident investigation. Two military pathologists at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP)--Air Force Lt. Col. Steve Cogswell and Army Lt. Col. David Hause--were quoted in the [Pittsburg] Tribune-Review as saying Brown suffered a head wound that could have been caused by a gunshot. "Essentially Brown had a .45-inch inwardly beveling circular hole in the top of his head, which is essentially the description of a .45-caliber gunshot wound," said Cogswell. Cogswell said that the original X-ray of Brown's head showed metal fragments in Brown's brain consistent with a disintegrating bullet. Forensic pathologist Dr. Cyril Wecht concluded there was "more than enough" evidence that Brown was assassinated. No autopsy was conducted, and all of the original head X-rays of Brown are now "missing" from Brown's case file. The sole survivor, stewardess Shelly Kelly, who had only minor cuts and bruises, mysteriously bled to death from a neat 3" incision above her femoral artery upon arrival at the hospital (the official story was that she died of a broken neck). Brown's law partner at Patton, Boggs and Blow died in a mysterious car wreck within one hour of the crash. Three days later, Niko Jerkuic, the maintenance chief at the Tulsa airport, who had guided the plane to its fatal rendezvous, "committed suicide." Brown, who was under investigation for bribery at the time [linked to the DNC and the Lippo Group, in turn linked to President Clinton], reportedly possessed sensitive information that could have implicated Clinton in a long list of criminal acts, and had threatened to blow the whistle. Congresswoman Maxine Waters and Kweisi Mfume, head of the NAACP, have called for an investigation into the matter. (Christopher Ruddy and Hugh Sprunt, "Questions linger about Ron Brown plane crash," 11/24/97; Christopher Ruddy, "Experts differ on Ron Brown's head wound," Tribune-Review, 12/3/97; "Ron Brown conspiracy protest today," UPI, 12/24/97.)
1221. * A conversation with former IRS investigator Bill Duncan (who, along with Arkansas Highway Patrol investigator Russell Welch, first uncovered the activities at Mena) shed little light on the matter. Duncan said he was unaware of any files removed from Arkansas to Oklahoma, although Duncan and Welch were under intense scrutiny for their courageous efforts. (An attempt on Russell's life was later made by poisoning him.) Curiously, long-time Washington correspondent Sara McClendon reported that the CIA was also seen removing large quanties of files from their offices on April 19.
1222. 880. Carol Moore, "Report on 1995 House Waco Hearings," revised, May, 1996.
1223. ** Although FBI supervisor Larry Potts claimed there was one.
1224. 881. Peter Kawaja, interview with author.
1225. Secretary of State Warren Christopher had unveiled a similar plan four months earlier. "International terrorists, criminals and drug traffickers pose direct threats to our people and to our nation's interests," Christopher stated, as though he was referring to elements within our own government.
1226. 882. Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, "IRA 'supplied detonator for Oklahoma terror bomb,'" London Sunday Telegraph, 3/30/97.
1227. 883. Theodore Shackley, The Third Option: An Expert's Provocative Report on an American View of Counterinsurgency Operations, (New York, NY: Dell Publishing, 1981), p.17.
1228. 884. Gene Wheaton, "CIA: The Companies They Keep," Portland Free Press, July-October, 1996.
1229. * As Laventi Beria, Stalin's chief of security, stated in a speech at V. I. Lenin University regarding what he called "Psychopolitics," "Our fruits are grown in chaos, distrust, economic depression, and scientific turmoil. At last a weary populace can seek peace only in our offered Communist State; at last only Communism can resolve the problem of the masses."
1230. 885. Portland Free Press, June/July, 1997.
1231. 886. William Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich,
1232. 887. Suzanne Harris, J.D., "From Terrorism to Tyranny: How Governments Use Domestic Terrorism to Promote Totalitarian Change," The Law Loft, Los Angeles, CA, 1995.
1233. 888. Shirer, Op Cit.
1234. 889. Orville R. Weyrich, Jr., "Reichstag Fire," Weyrich Computer Consulting, 1995; William Jasper, "A Post-Oklahoma Kristallnacht," The New American, 5/129/95.
1235. 890. Jonas Bernstein, "U.S., Russia Sign Anti-Gangster Pact," Washington Times, 7/6/94; quoted in Namebase Newsline, "Organized Crime Threatens the New World Order," Jan-March, 1995; "FBI Chief: U.S. 'Under Attack' by Terrorists," U.S. News & World Report, 8/1/96.
1236. 891. USA TODAY, 3/11/93.
1237. 892. MTV, 3/22/94.
1238. 893. The Bill appropriates $114 million dollars for the FBI for fiscal year 1997 and $166 million for 1998. The White House, Press Briefing By Under Secretary of the Treasury For Enforcement Ron Noble, Deputy Attorney General Jamie Gorelick, and Deputy Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy Bruce Reed, 4/26/95.
1239. 894. Ace R. Hayes, "G-Men Cop Plea on Ruby Ridge," Portland Free Press, September/October, 1995. "The third sub-unit of this division is the "Special Detail Unit" which is designated to keep Gen. Reno from harm."
1240. 895. HR 97's sponsor is Rep. Barbara Kennelly (D-CT). The Senate's version is S. 1581, introduced in 1993 by Senator Joseph Lieberman (D-MA). Page 5 of the bill states: Members of the Rapid Deployment Force who are deployed to a jurisdiction shall be deputized in accordance with State law so as to empower such officers to make arrests and participate in the prosecution of criminal offenses under State law. "On The Fast-track To Fascism," Relevance magazine, February, 1995.
1241. 896. Joe Hendricks, Chief of Police, Windsor, Missouri, "Police Chief Rejects Trend Toward National Police," The Idaho Observer, June, 1997.
1242. * Recent rules in certain counties in Wyoming have changed this policy, and legislation is pending as of this writing in Montana to require federal agents to seek authorization of the local sheriff before conducting a raid.
1243. 897. In a nationwide survey of 690 police departments in cities with populations of 50,000 or more, researchers found that 90 percent now have active SWAT teams, compared to 60 percent in the early 1980s.
1244. 898. Soldier of Fortune, August, 1995.
1245. 899. William Booth, Washington Post, 6/17/97.
1246. 900. To obtain a copy of these hearings call (202) 224-3121 and ask for the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Crime and Criminal Justice, or call your Congressman.
1247. 901. Associated Press, 12/24/94.
1248. 902. "Hard Landing by Army Copter Hurts Two," Houston Chronicle, 10/29/96.
1249. 903. Mike Blair, The Spotlight, 11/14/94; Miller, Op Cit.
1250. 904. Lori-Anne Miller, "Bombing Sounds Rattle Neighborhood," The Detroit News, 10/2/94; Mark Spencer, posted on AEN Newsgroup, 10/02/94.
1251. * It seems that President Clinton suspended the law restricting the use of military force within U.S. borders in a little-known codicil of PDD-25, a Presidential Decision Directive that is an "open secret" in the military and Congress, but is largely unknown to the American citizens.
1252. 905. "The Pentagon Brings its Wars Home," Sources Ejournal, Volume 2, Issue 1, January, 1997. Army Lt. Gen. J.H. Binford Peay points out in an Army publication titled, Tomorrow's Missions, that "military forces [today] are required to provide domestic national assistance, such as internal peace-keeping and anti-drug operations and support of civil authorities to maintain stability in a rapidly changing America."
1253. 906. Jonathan Volzke, "Urban Combat Training: Marines Hit the Rooftops," Orange County Register, 3/19/93, quoted in Terry Cook, The Mark of the New World Order (Springdale, PA, Whitacker House, 1996), p. 81.
1254. 907. Major General Max Baratz, "New shape of Army Reserve Supports New Missions," Army Reserve, Summer, 1994.
1255. 908. William F. Jasper, "Fact and Fiction: Sifting Reality from Alarmist Rumors," New American, 10/31/94.
1256. * Now, with the Crime Bill, the FBI can be "deputized" in local areas to enforce local laws upon demand by the FBI. In other words, if the FBI wants to work locally and use state and local laws, they can demand the local sheriff deputize them--then they are not constrained by federal limitations.
1257. * In February, 1982 President Ray-Gun signed a series of National Security Decision Directives (NSDDs), which provided for increased domestic counterintelligence efforts and the maintenance of law and order in a variety of emergencies, including terrorist incidents, civil disturbances, and nuclear emergencies.
1258. 909. "Could It Happen Here?" Mother Jones, April, 1988. "Packard's directive says turning over law enforcement to the army will 'normally' require a Presidential Executive Order, but that this requirement can be waived in 'cases of sudden and unexpected emergencies... which require that immediate military action be taken.'"
1259. 910. Keenen Peck, "The Take-Charge Gang," The Progressive, May, 1985; Reynolds, Op Cit.
1260. * Former Attorney William French Smith blocked the expansion of FEMA's jurisdiction in 1984, but after Smith left office, North and his FEMA cronies came up with the Defense Resource Act, designed to suspended the First Amendment by imposing censorship and banning strikes.
1261. 911. Michael Levine with Laura Kavanau, Triangle of Death, (New York: Delacorte Press, 1996), p. 353.
1262. 912. Mike Levine, interview with author.
1263. * The Los Angeles riots resulted in 11,113 fires, 2,383 injuries, and 54 deaths. There were 13,212 arrests. The damage was estimated at $717 million.
1264. 913. "Police May Have Ignored Basic Riot Plan," New York Times, 5/7/92, quoted in Ibid.
1265. 914. "Riot Found Police in Disarray--Officers Kept from Flash Point Despite Pleas," Los Angeles Times, 5/6/92, quoted in Constantine, p. 33.
1266. * In 1979, five Communist Workers Party members were murdered by neo-Nazis and Klansmen in Greensboro, NC during a protest march. The KKK and Nazi groups were infiltrated and led by FBI provocateur Edward Dawson and ATF informant Bernard Butkovich. Interestingly, two police other officers responding to a domestic call in the area just prior to the shootings noted a suspicious lack of patrol cars in the area. Officer Wise subsequently reported being asked by police dispatch how long they anticipated being at their call, and were then advised to "clear the area as soon as possible." (See Chapter 15)
1267. ** Alex Constantine (Blood, Carnage, and the Agent Provocateur), who interviewed local residents, discovered that some of the arsonists were clearly not locals.
1268. 915. Parker and Bradley Clash at Riot Inquiry, Los Angeles Times, 9/15/65, quoted in Ibid., pp. 65-66; Ibid., p. 53.
1269. 916. Ibid., p. 69. McCone testified before the Warren Commission that Lee Harvey Oswald's connections to the Agency were "minor."
1270. 917. "The Kent State Shootings," KPFK-FM, Los Angeles, 5/3/89, quoted in Constantine, p. 25.
1271. 918. Tackwood, Op Cit., quoted in Ibid., p. 61.
1272. 919. William Mendel, Colonel, USA, (retired), "Combat in Cities: The LA Riots and Operation Rio," Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, KS, July 1996.
1273. 920. Ace R. Hayes, "G-Men Cop Plea on Ruby Ridge," Portland Free Press, September/October, 1995.
1274. 921. Mark Riebling, Wedge: The Secret War Between the FBI and CIA, p.429.
1275. * During the 1994 elections, House Judiciary Committee chair Jack Brooks was overheard joking about the massacre: "Horrible people. Despicable people. Burning to death was too good for them. They'd like a slower method."
1276. * PBS Frontline did a piece in 1995 showing victims of torture which occurred in one Chicago police district. It was claimed that torture was often used on suspects in that district so as to obtain confessions.
1277. 922. Shackley, Op Cit., p. 13.
1278. ** U.S. Army psychological warfare expert Lt. Col. Michael Acquino, who wrote a manual on mind control for mass populations, was fascinated by the Nazis and their relationship to the occult. Acquino traveled to Weiselsburg Castle in Germany where Hitler and Himmler performed their occult rituals in order to control their SS puppets to slay the population.
1279. * Acquino is the leader of the Temple of Set. He was accused by a Presidio Army Chaplain of molesting the Chaplain's 3-year-old daughter, and was investigated by San Francisco police. The Army buried the case, and my Freedom of Information Act requests went unheeded. Acquino, his satanic powers apparently on the wan, threatened to sue the author.
1280. 923. Ivan Sharp, "Presidio Satanist a Scarey Enigma," San Francisco Examiner, 11/2/98.
1281. 924. The New American, 3/18/96, Vol. 12, No. 6. Apparently, Schumer felt that Militia hearings were more important than an investigation of the murder of 82 innocent people by the Federal Government at Waco. Fortunately, most of his fellow Congressmen did not agree.
1282. * Emphasis in original.
1283. 925. Marchetti, O p Cit.
1284. 926. Frank Donner, The Age of Surveillance: The Aims and Methods of America's Political Intelligence System, (New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1981), quoted in Connolly, Op Cit.
1285. * Nichols had arranged a joint venture between Wackenhut and the Cabazon reservation in Indio, California to manufacture machineguns, night-vision goggles, fuel-air explosives, poison gas, and biological weapons, some of which were illegally shipped to the Contras. Wackenhut used the tribe's status as a sovereign nation to evade the Boland Amendment prohibiting aid to Somoza's so-called "freedom fighters."Jimmy Hughes, Nichols' former Wackenhut bodyguard, claims to be in possession of documentation linking Cabazon operatives to a hit list of political targets, including Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme, murdered in 1986, reportedly for interfering in a similar covert arms operation in his country, involving Israeli intelligence agent Amiram Nir, and Cyrus Hashemi, both high-level operatives in the Reagan/Bush arms-for-hostages-for-drugs network. (Thomas and Keith, Op Cit., pp. 28-34.)
1286. 927. Daniel Brandt, "Organized Crime Threatens the New World Order," NameBase NewsLine, No. 8, January-March 1995.
1287. * Interestingly, William Northrop is a good friend of George Petrie's, and acted as a middle-man between the CIA, the Israelis, and the Contras in illegal arms deals. He was prosecuted by former U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York (now Mayor) Rudolph Gulliani, who described him as one of the "Merchants of Death."
1288. 928. Frank Greve, Matthew Purdy, and Mark Fazlollah, "Firm Says U.S. Urged Covert Plots," Philadelphia Inquirer, 4/26/87, quoted in Christic, Op Cit., and Rodney Stich, Defrauding America (Alamo, CA: Diablo Western Press, 1994), p. 604. "Richard Meadows served for a time as Peregrine's president. Charles Odorizzo and William Patton, worked for the group. Peregrine's key contacts were retired Army Lt. Gen. Samuel Wilson (former Director of the DIA) and Lt. Col. Wayne E. Long, who as of April 1987 worked as a senior officer in the Foreign Operations Group, which is a part of the Army's intelligence support activity office."
1289. 929. Stich, Op Cit., p. 604; ANV had a contract with U.S. Military Central Command, the influential connection coming through USMC Major General Wesley Rice of the Pentagon Joint Special Operations Agency. Rice was a close friend of Bush, Helms, and Shackley, Wheaton, Op Cit.; Deposition of Sam Hall, 9/9/87, quoted in Christic, Op Cit.
1290. * Emphasis in original.
1291. 930. Gene Wheaton, "Secret Island Spy Base," Portland Free Press, July-October, 1996. Wheaton and Hunt both claims that an ABC news helicopter was shot down over the island in 1985, killing a female reporter. The incident was covered up for reasons of "national security."
1292. 931. Declaration of Plaintiff's Counsel, U.S. District Court, Southern District of Florida, Tony Avirgan and Martha Honey v. John Hull, et al., Civil Case No. 86-1146-CIV-KING, filed 3/31/88 by the Christic Institute; It seems Whitlam was about to announce the truth of Pine Gap at a press conference. By November 7, 1975, the covers of three more CIA agents had been blown in the press.
1293. * This will be explored more fully in Volume Two.
1294. 932. Luigi DiFonzo, St. Peter's Banker, (New York, NY: Franklin Watts, 1983); NameBase NewsLine, No. 5, April-June 1994. According to Conspiracy Nation publisher Brian Redman, Gelli attended Ronald Reagan's inauguration and the accompanying ball in 1981; Mark Aarons and John Loftons, Ratlines (London, Heinemann, 1991), p. 89, quoted in Nexus, February/March, 1996.
1295. 933. Ibid.
1296. 934. "Staying Behind: NATO's Terror Network," Arm The Spirit, October, 1995, (Source: Fighting Talk - Issue 11 - May 1995; Thomas & Keith, Op Cit., p.77. According to Jonathan Vankin, Italian Journalist Mino Percorelli claimed the CIA pulled P2's strings. He was killed after publishing the article.
1297. * One early result of this fear on the Right was a failed coup attempt in 1970 by Navy Commander Prince Valerio Borghese, a supporter of the main Italian Fascist party MSI.
1298. 935. Stuart Christie, Stefano Delle Chiaie: Portrait of a Black Terrorist (London: Dark horse Press, 1984), p. 32.
1299. 936. Ibid.
1300. 937. Christie, Op Cit.
1301. 938. Stuart Christie, "Stefano Delle Chiaie: Portrait of a Black Terrorist," (London: Anarchy Magazine, Refract Publications, 1984), p. 52.
1302. 939. Ibid.
1303. * This is similar to the release of Cuban terrorist Orlando Bosch by George Bush.
1304. 940. David Yallop, In God's Name (London: Corgi Books, 1985), p. 172; "Il Gladio," BBC exposť, June, 1995, quoted in Ibid.
1305. 941. Steve Mizrach, "Murder in the Vatican? The attempt on the life of John Paul II," posted on Internet.
1306. 942. Christie, Op Cit.
1307. 943. Edward S. Herman, The Terrorism Industry (New York, NY: Pantheon, 1989), p. 226.
1308. * It was also discovered by the Belgian press that Wackenhut guards had been luring immigrant children into basements and beating them.
1309. 944. Reuter, 7/14/96.
1310. 945. New American, Op Cit.
1311. 946. Ari Ben-Menashe, Profits of War: Inside the Secret U.S.-Israeli Arms Network, (New York: Sheridan Square Press, 1992), p. 122. Eitan was responsible for collecting scientific and intelligence information from other countries through espionage. (Art Kunkin: "The Octopus Conspiracy").
1312. 947. Patrick Seale, Abu Nidal: A Gun for Hire, (New York, NY: Random House, 1992), p. 158.
1313. 948. Ibid., p. 153, 214.
1314. 949. Ibid., pp. 265-66.
1315. * Abu Nidal did business at the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI), a CIA proprietary which laundered drug proceeds for the North/Secord "Enterprise," the Mujahadeen, and catered to the likes of Manuel Noriega, Saddam Hussein, and Ferdinand Marcos.
1316. 950. Mike Levine, interview with author.
1317. 951. William Jasper, "The Price of Peace," The New American, 2/5/96.
1318. 952. Uri Dan and Dennis Eisenberg, A State Crime: The Assassination of Rabin, (Paris: Belfond, 1996), quoted in Conspiracy Nation, Vol. 8 Num. 02.
1319. 953. New American, 12/25/95.
1320. 954. Roberts, Op Cit., p. 395.
1321. 955. Ibid., p. 369.
1322. 956. Ibid., p. 402.
1323. * In fact, Singlaub is known to control at least one airfield in Arizona.
1324. 957. "FBI accidentally faxes memo on Amtrak suspect," Associated Press, 9/4/97.
1325. * Chief Superintendent Job Mayo, head of the National Capital Region Command of the police claimed a group called the Paracale Gang apparently did the bombings after failing to rob the Citibank on Paseo de Roxas in Salcedo Village, Makati.
1326. 958. "Grenade blast Rocks Makati--4 wounded: Rep Arroyo Accuses Military of Bombing to Justify Anti-Terrorist Bill," source: Manila dailies.
1327. 959. Husayn Al-Kurdi, "Libya: The Perpetual Target," News International Press Service, date unknown. Regarding America's reaction to Libyan independence, Kurdi notes: "The idea that emancipation from want, ignorance and injustice was to be actually implemented somewhere is unacceptable to an entity that foments poverty and dependence everywhere."
1328. 960. Under the authority of the 1977 International Emergency Economic Powers Act
1329. 961. John Goetz, "Ten Years Later: La Belle Disco Bombing," Covert Action Quarterly, Spring, 1996. (author's note: The Los Angeles Times reported that "Israeli intelligence, not the Reagan administration, was a major source of some of the most dramatic published reports about a Libyan assassination team allegedly sent to kill President Reagan and other top U.S. officials... Israel, which informed sources said has wanted an excuse to go in and bash Libya for a long time,' may be trying to build American public support for a strike against Qaddafi.")
1330. 962. Seymour Hersh, "Target Qaddafi," New York Times Magazine, 2/22/87, quoted in Covert Action Quarterly, date unknown.
1331. 963. Ibid.
1332. 964. Goetz, Op Cit. Faysal testified, saying: "I am not of the opinion that the attack against La Belle was done by those Libyans whom I know [the Nuri group], but rather by a different group Many of the Libyans behaved suspiciously. That was to hide the group that in reality did the attack."
1333. 965. Rick Atkinson, "US Delays Underlined As Disco Bombing Suspect Freed in Lebanon," Washington Post, 8/3/94; quoted in Ibid.
1334. 966. Goetz, Op Cit. "A week after the bombing, Manfred Ganschow, chief of the anti terrorist police in Berlin, "rejected the assumption that suspicion is concentrated on Libyan culprits."
1335. * Posey denied the allegations in an interview with the author. In an interview with the author, Federal Public Defender John Mattes felt the plot wasn't being seriously considered.
1336. 967. Christic, Op Cit.; Jack Terrell, interview with author. (Also: See the Village Voice, 9/29/87, and 13/30/86.)
1337. * Statements of Jesus Garcia to Federal Public Defender John Mattes; The plot is briefly mentioned in Jack Terrell's book, Disposable Patriot (Bethesda, MD, National Press Books, 1992), p. 321; Terrell also confirmed the plot in an interview on NBC nightly news; Peter Glibbery, a mercenary operating in Contra camps near Hull's ranch, recalled attempting to transport explosives from the ranch to Jones' ranch, and being told it was needed "for the embassy job."
1338. 968. Jack Terrell, NBC transcript, quoted in Christic, Op Cit. The Octopus would attempt to silence Terrell by informing the FBI that he had threatened the life of the President.
1339. * According to Jack Terrell, Contra leader Adolfo Calero complained that Pastora had described the FDN (Contras) as "homicidal, Somicista sons of bitches."
1340. 969. Cockburn, Op Cit.
1341. 970. Deposition of Gene Wheaton; Deposition of Eden Pastora; testimony of Jack Terrell, quoted in Christic, Op Cit.
1342. * On June 22, 1984, Pastora met with Dewy Clarridge and Vince Cannistraro, who offered to help Pastora find the killers. (Sure.) Harper's explosives training was allegedly courtesy of John Singlaub and Robert K. Brown (publisher of Soldier of Fortune ).
1343. 971. Cockburn, Op Cit., pp. 56-57; Christic, Op Cit.
1344. * GArcia and his family were later threatened with a live 105mm mortar round placed on their front lawn.
1345. 972. Ibid., John Mattes, interview with author.
1346. 973. Jack Terrell, Disposable Patriot (Washington, D.C: National Press Book, 1992).
1347. 974. As Col. Dan Marvin notes, that statement, written by White in a letter to a friend, was broadcast on ABC TV in 1979 in a documentary produced by John Marks.
1348. 975. Sara McClendon, interview with author; Debra Von Trapp, interview with author.
1349. 976. V.Z. Lawton, interview with author.
1350. * Maroney's wife also told me Mickey was seconded to the DEA and FBI in Cyprus, who were investigating a counterfeiting ring (probably Iranian). As discussed previously, Cyprus is where DIA agent Lester Coleman worked with the DEA, and where he learned about Khalid Jaffer, the courier who allegedly carried the bomb onboard Pan Am flight 103. Maroney worked in Cyprus in 1993.
1351. 977. Daily Oklahoman, 8/14/97.
1352. 978. Mike Levine, interview with author.
1353. 979. Ace R. Hayes, "Sacrificial Goat," Portland Free Press, July/October, 1997.
1354. * "The prosecutors must pare down their case so that it does not bore the jury," legal analyst Kenneth Stern recommended in the American Jewish Committee's recent white paper on the trial. "In cases such as these, prosecutors too often present a 'Cadillac' when a 'Chevrolet' would do much better." (Associated Press, 04/18/97)
1355. 980. Steven K. Paulson, "Media Object to Sealed Documents in Oklahoma City Bombing Case," Associated Press,12/13/96.
1356. * Also recall that former CIA operative Gunther Russbacher claimed that several Las Vegas casinos, including Binyon's Horseshoe, are slush-fund pay-off points through Shamrock Development Corp. The recipients collect their money in the form of gambling chips, which they then cash in. It is worth noting that the CEO of Shamrock, Donald Lutz, was on the management staff of Silverado Savings & Loan. "E. Trine Starnes, Jr., the third largest Silverado borrower, was a major donor to the National Endowment for the Preservation of Liberty (NEPL), directed by Carl "Spitz" Channell, which was a part of Oliver North's Contra funding and arms support network. Wayne Reeder, another Beebe associate, a big borrower from Silverado, defaulted on a $14 million loan. Reeder was involved in an unsuccessful arms deal with the Contras. (Jack Colhoun, "The Family That Preys Together," Covert Action Quarterly, date unknown.)
1357. * As Jones explained in the Writ: "This issue arrives before the Court at this late date simply because the defense has repeatedly gone to the government with information and requests, had to then seek intervention from the district court, and the last district court order has been issued within the last two weeks ."
1358. 981. Jones' defense team member, confidential interview with author.
1359. * As McVeigh later explained to his hometown newspaper: "In the instant context, you could take [the statement] to reflect on the death penalty and the charges leveled against me. I was accused and convicted of killing--they say that's wrong, and now they're going to kill me."
1360. 982. Associated Press & The Hays Daily News, 8/14/97.
1361. 983. Bill Hewitt and Nickie Bane, "Humble? Forget It," People, 3/31/97.
1362. * Senior partner Brendon Sullivan represented Oliver North during the Iran-Contra hearings.
1363. 984. Janet Elliott, Mark Ballard, Robert Elder Jr., Gordon Hunter, "Nichols' Lawyers: The Odd Couple," Texas Lawyer, 3/22/96; Robert Schmidt, "Representing the Accused Bomber," Legal Times, 5/22/95; Constantine, "The Good Soldier," Op Cit.
1364. 985. Jim Bellingham, interview with author.
1365. 986. John DeCamp, The Franklin Cover-Up (Lincoln, NE: AWT, Inc., 1996), pp. 345-46.
1366. 987. Letter from Stephen Jones to author, 4/21/97.
1367. * As McVeigh's appeal brief stated: "Because the government's counsel attributed Mr. McVeigh's conduct to his anger at the Federal Government over Waco, Mr. McVeigh should have been entitled to show that the government had some culpability in provoking that anger," his attorneys said. "This evidence and argument would have provided a mitigating explanation for the otherwise inexplicable transformation of Mr. McVeigh from the thoughtful, responsible and playful person described by Mr. McVeigh's childhood friends, teachers and families to someone who appeared bent on destruction.'" (AP, 1/16/98)
1368. 988. General Benton K. Partin, interview with author.
1369. 989. Stephen Jones, letter to author, 9/9/97.
1370. 990. Ibid.
1371. * "[Howe] said she saw McVeigh walking with Elohim City security chief Andreas Strassmeir, who had advocated violence against the government. One juror didn't at first even recall Howe's testimony. Another, [juror Chris] Seib, said, "I don't know. We felt there was something there. You know, we kind of skimmed through that pretty quick."
1372. 991. Nolan Clay, "Some Jurors Convinced Others Involved--Nichols Trial Renews Speculation Concerning John Doe 2," Daily Oklahoman, 1/11/98.
1373. 992. Steven K. Paulson, "Jurors leave bombing sentence to judge, criticize prosecution's case, "Associated Press, 1/8/98.
1374. 993. Ibid.
1375. 994. Ibid.
1376. 995. Nolan Clay, "Some Jurors Convinced Others Involved--Nichols Trial Renews Speculation Concerning John Doe 2," Daily Oklahoman, 1/11/98.
1377. * The first man LBJ met with on Nov 29th, after he had cleared the foreign dignitaries out of Washington was Waggoner Carr, Texas Attorney General, to tell him. "No trial in Texas... ever." (Prouty)
1378. 996. John Greiner, "Court Asked to Ensure Macy Explores All Bombing Angles," Daily Oklahoman, 6/28/97.
1379. * Key's attorney Mark Sanford said the Supreme Court was willing to back Key up, by forcing Macy to do his job properly.
1380. 997. District Attorney Bob Macy, interview with author.
1381. 998. George Hansen, interview with author.
1382. * According to Oklahoma Statutes, Title 22, Section 331 (General powers and duties of grand jury), Notes of Decisions: "Grand jury functions as an inquisitorial body; once it is convoked by the court, its duty is to investigate law violations [Tweedy v. Oklahoma Bar Ass'n, Okl. 624 P.2d 1049 (1981)]... Investigation by grand jury or a preliminatry examination by magistrate is not a trial, and the rules of evidence are not to be applied as rigidly as in trial of case before court. [Magill v. Miller, Okl. Cr., 455 P.2d 715 (1969)] ."
1383. * In a letter hand-delivered to the Grand Jury, Representative Key asked to testify a second time to present evidence that the DA's office refused to allow a video of "contemporaneous news accounts" because it was considered to be hearsay. As Mike Johnston, Key's attorney, stated in the letter, "The objection or contention that a grand jury cannot use hearsay evidence is not well founded." Morgan responded by thereafter refusing to communicate with Key except through his attorney. So much for cooperation.
1384. 999. "Grand Jury Told Seismic Readings Unclear in Bombing," Daily Oklahoman, 9/19/97.
1385. 1000. Ibid.
1386. 1001. KWTV Channel 9 broadcast, 06/16/97.
1387. 1002. Lynn Wallace, posted on OKBOMB mailing list.
1388. 1003. Michael Rivero, posted on OKBOMB mailing list.
1389. 1004. Edye Ann Smith, Individually and on Behalf of Her Minor Children, Chase Smith, Deceased, and Colton Smith, Deceased, Plaintiffs, vs. Timothy James McVeigh, Michael Brescia, Michael Fortier and Andreas Carl Strassmeir and Other Unknown Individuals, Defendants, Case No. CJ-96-18.
1390. 1005. KFOR's information is currently in possession of the Congressional Task Force on Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare. As of this writing, Rep. James Traficant (D-OH) displayed an interest inholding OKBOMB hearings.
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