National InSecurity Agency (NSA)
Top Internet Backbone Companies
Market share based on percentage of Internet service providers connected to a company's network
MCI COMMUNICATIONS launched its commercial backbone service in 1994, after having helped build the NSFNET, the government-sponsored predecessor to the Internet. MCI's top Internet engineer, Vinton G. Cerf, co-invented the packet-switching protocol that is the basis of Net communications today. MCI has agreed to be acquired by WorldCom.
Market share: 31%
SPRINT started its commercial service in 1992 and now sells to both residential and business users. Sprint has filed complaints with both U.S. and European regulators over the Internet wallop of the MCI-WorldCom merger.
Market share: 22%
WORLDCOM When WorldCom bought Internet company UUNET Technologies in 1996, along with its parent phone company MFS Communications, WorldCom CEO Bernard Ebbers professed not to appreciate the Internet. Since then, WorldCom has become an Internet leader, gobbling up ANS Communications and CompuServe in 1997. Customers include America Online and Microsoft Network.
Market share: 20%
GTE entered the backbone business last year when it bought BBN, which helped build the first government-run Internet, ARPANET, in 1969. GTE, a critic of the MCI-WorldCom merger, filed an antitrust lawsuit opposing the deal. It offers service to 5,000 business customers and 500,000 dial-up residential users.
Market share: 4%
DATA: BUSINESS WEEK, BOARDWATCH MAGAZINE
GRAPHIC: What Worries the Feds (.pdf)
This oversized graphic illustrates how traffic is routed around the Internet by "peering" arrangements among the big Internet backbone providers and by "customer" links from the bigger providers to smaller ISPs.
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GRAPHIC: What Worries the Feds (.pdf)
EFF: AT&T forwards all Internet traffic into NSA
April 07, 2006
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) on Wednesday filed the legal briefs and evidence supporting its motion for a preliminary injunction in its class-action lawsuit against AT&T.
After asking EFF to hold back the documents so that it could review them, the Department of Justice consented to EFF's filing them under seal -- a well-established procedure that prohibits public access and permits only the judge and the litigants to see the evidence.
While not a party to the case, the government was concerned that even this procedure would not provide sufficient security and has represented to the Court that it is "presently considering whether and, if so, how it will participate in this case."
"The evidence that we are filing supports our claim that AT&T is diverting Internet traffic into the hands of the NSA wholesale, in violation of federal wiretapping laws and the Fourth Amendment," said EFF Staff Attorney Kevin Bankston.
"More than just threatening individuals' privacy, AT&T's apparent choice to give the government secret, direct access to millions of ordinary Americans' Internet communications is a threat to the Constitution itself. We are asking the Court to put a stop to it now," said Bankston.
EFF's evidence regarding AT&T's dragnet surveillance of its networks includes a declaration by Mark Klein, a retired AT&T telecommunications technician, and several internal AT&T documents. This evidence was bolstered and explained by the expert opinion of J. Scott Marcus, who served as Senior Technical Advisor for Internet Technology to the Federal Communications Commission from July 2001 until July 2005.
The internal AT&T documents and portions of the supporting declarations have been submitted to the Court under a tentative seal, a procedure that allows AT&T five court days to explain to the Court why the information should be kept from the public.
"The public deserves to know about AT&T's illegal program," said EFF Legal Director Cindy Cohn. "In an abundance of caution, we are providing AT&T with an opportunity to explain itself before this material goes on the public docket, but we believe that justice will ultimately require full disclosure."
Headquarters for the National Security Agency at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, approximately ten miles northeast of Washington, DC. Despite having been described as the world's largest single employer of Ph.D. mathematicians, the owner of the single largest group of supercomputers, the second largest electricity consumer in the entire state of Maryland. the owner of a chip fabrication plant with production of dedicated semiconductors, and having a budget ($7.5 billion) much larger than that of the CIA, it has had a remarkably low profile until recent years. For a long time its existence was not even acknowledged by the US government. It was often said, half-jokingly, that "NSA" stood for "No Such Agency" or "Never Say Anything" (source: Wikipedia.org)
The NSA program came to light in December, when the New York Times reported that the President had authorized the agency to intercept telephone and Internet communications inside the United States without the authorization of any court.
"Mark Klein is a true American hero," said EFF Staff Attorney Kurt Opsahl. "He has bravely come forward with information critical for proving AT&T's involvement with the government's invasive surveillance program."
In the lawsuit, EFF is representing the class of all AT&T residential customers nationwide. Working with EFF in the lawsuit are the law firms Traber & Voorhees, Lerach Coughlin Stoia Geller Rudman & Robbins LLP and the Law Office of Richard R. Wiebe.
An Atlas of Cyberspaces
Maps of Internet Service Provider (ISP)
and Internet Backbone Networks
Who owns the Internet? We have a map that shows you.
What is this ball of colors? It is the North American Internet, or more specifically a map of just about every router on the North American backbone, (there are 134,855 of them for those who are counting). The colors represent who each router is registered to. Red is Verizon; blue AT&T; yellow Qwest; green is major backbone players like Level 3 and Sprint Nextel; black is the entire cable industry put together; and gray is everyone else, from small telecommunications companies to large international players who only have a small presence in the U.S. If you click on the map it will take you to much bigger version complete with labels that tell you the address of many of the routers. http://blogs.cio.com/node/209
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
HOW & WHO IS SPYING ON US/YOU!
THE RULES OF PRIVACY ARE CHANGING WITH ELECTRONIC COMMUTATIONS, THE EAGERNESS OF GOVERNMENT TO PRY INTO OUR COMMUNICATIONS, APPARENTLY, IS NOT.
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Last updated 11/27/2010