Hurricane Katrina
2005

FEMA officials wouldn't listen;

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You can also see the video here.

"The Best of Al Franken Show"
Katrina One Year Later....Interview with FEMA Manager
AUDIO: Part I
http://www.apfn.net/pogo/A001I060827-am-franken1.MP3

INTERVIEW: Christopher Cooper
"Disaster: Hurricane Katrina and Homeland Security ...
AUDIO: Part II
http://www.apfn.net/pogo/A002I060827-am-franken2.MP3


http://www.disasterthebook.com/


Co-author and WSJ reporter Robert Block talks with Patrice Sikora of the Wall Street Journal
Radio Network about the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
http://podcast.mktw.net/wsj/audio/20060726/pod-wsjkatrina/pod-wsjkatrina.mp3

Louisiana's Wetlands @ National Geographic Magazine
National Geographic OCT 2004 -

Thousands drowned in the murky brew that was soon contaminated by sewage and industrial waste. Thousands more who survived the flood later perished from dehydration and disease as they waited to be rescued. It took two months to pump the city dry, and by then the Big Easy was buried under a blanket of putrid sediment, a million people were homeless, and 50,000 were dead. It was the worst natural disaster in the history of the United States.

http://www3.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0410/feature5/index.html

March 01, 2006 - Wednesday
WATCH THE VIDEO OF THE KATRINA BRIEFING.
Watch as President Bush is briefed on the arrival of Hurricane Katrina, in this video obtained exclusively
by The Associated Press. Hear what aides told him just before the storm hit the Gulf Coast.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content//video/2006/03/01/VI2006030101864.html

Genocide by neglect in America by all in-charge who did not respond.

Who is to blame for the slow response to Hurricane Katrina? Watch Clip below:

Below in the interview with the BBC anchor, commander Kelly is talking about how they planned and were ready for the hurricanes in Florida and they were ready before Katrina hit...... 

584KB plays 2.44 min./http://www.apfn.org/Movies/BBC_Katrina.wmv 
Movie clip: Lt. Commander Kelly explained that NorthCom was ready to go well in advance of Katrina....they wanted to leap into action, but the White House never made the call.


 

FEMA officials wouldn't listen; Mr. Russert: Aaron Broussard, the president of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana,   http://www.apfn.org/movies/RussertBroussard.wmv 

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Northern Command is the new military unit that was stood up after 9-11 supposedly for the defense of our nation.  It is part of the global command structure along with EUCOMM, Southern Command, etc.  Gen. Ralph Eberhardt who was in charge of NORAD on the day of the biggest failure in defense in American history was promoted and given command of NorthCom
 
According to this interview below with a Commander Kelly, the Colorado facility is a centralized logistics center (recall the Denver Airport).  This is a component of the 'transformed' military which you can read about it!
 
http://www.oft.osd.mil/library/library_files/document_387_NCW_Book_LowRes.pdf site down
Mirrored http://www.apfn.org/pdf/document_387_NCW_Book.pdf
 
Excerpt from this document - Acrobat pg. 9
A networked force conducting network-centric operation (NCO) is an essential enabler for the conduct of effects-based operations by U.S. forces. Effects-based operations (EBO) are "sets of actions directed at shaping the behavior of friends, neutrals, and foes in peace, crisis, and war." EBO is not a new form of warfighting, nor does it displace any of the currently recognized forms of warfare. Throughout history, decision makers have sought to create conditions that would achieve their objectives and policy goals. Military commanders and planners have attempted to plan and execute campaigns to create these conditions - an approach that would be considered "effects-based" in today's terminology. EBO in the 21st century, enabled by networked forces, is a methodology for planning, executing, and assessing military operations designed to attain specific effects that achieve desired national security outcomes.

The armed forces of many of our allies and multinational partners are moving rapidly into the NCW arena and developing net-centric capabilities of their own to be able to conduct EBO. When we conduct military operations with our allies and multinational partners today and in the future, we seek to obtain maximum advantage derived from the power of NCW.....

NCW generates increased combat power by networking sensors, decision makers, and shooters to achieve shared awareness, increased speed of command, high tempo of operations, greater lethality, increased curvivability and a degree of self-synchronization.

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The NORTHCOM Movie clip & Article of where/why
President Bush did NOT respond to Hurricane Katrina
earlier.........DOWNLOAD IT - 536KB

New Orleans and Hurricane Katrina
Meet the Press September 25 2005
President of Jefferson Parish, Aaron Broussard
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Broussard.htm

Broussard: "We have been abandoned by our own country."
The tear-filled eyes of Jefferson Parish President Aaron Broussard as he was interviewed by Tim Russert on Meet the Press:  09/04/05

Movie http://movies.crooksandliars.com/Meet-the-Press-Broussard.wmv
Mirrored http://www.apfn.org/Movies/Broussard.wmv

Aaron Broussard asked Bush for funding in June

America's Wetland: "Louisiana has made a commitment. Now, it's time for the President to step up to the plate and support funding to prevent the untold damage to the ecology, economy and potential loss of life in large numbers."  "With the National Hurricane Center predicting another active hurricane season, PACE President Aaron Broussard said he fears that it is going to take a major storm and significant loss of life before the nation acts responsibly." ...read on                             http://www.crooksandliars.com/

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Barbara Bush-Audio http://www.apfn.org/audio/bb.mp3

"And so many of the people in the arena here, you know, were underprivileged anyway so this (she chuckled)--this is working very well for them. http://www.apfn.org/audio/bb.mp3

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 60 Minutes: Interview with New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin

On the 9/4/05 broadcast, CBS 60 Minutes asked New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin if lives could have been saved by a quicker response from State and Federal agencies.


Video: http://www.apfn.org/Movies/Nagin.wmv 

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Lt. Commander Kelly explained that NorthCom was ready to go well in advance of Katrina....they wanted to leap into action, but the White House never made the call.

What was Bush doing...............? Bush was on vacation, sharing some cake with John McCain, and pretending to play some guitar.

http://thinkprogress.org/2008/04/24/flashback-as-katrina-raged-mccain-celebrated-69th-birthday-with-bush/

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/david-corn/hurricane-katrina-and-bus_b_6618.html

NorthCom Lt. Commander Sean Kelly explained the military's efforts which, in addition to military support, include distribution of medical supplies, search and rescue operations, distributing food and water, and meeting transportation needs. (Note: the server hosting the video seems to be overwhelmed.

When the BBC noted the criticism of the government's slow response, Lt. Commander Kelly explained that NorthCom was ready to go well in advance of Katrina making landfall, but suggested the president didn't make the right call at the right time.

"Northcom started planning before the storm even hit. We were ready when it hit Florida, because, as you remember, it hit the bottom part of Florida, and then we were planning once it was pointed towards the Gulf Coast.

"So, what we did, we activated what we call 'defense coordinating officers' to work with the states to say, 'OK, what do you think you will need?' And we set up staging bases that could be started.

"We had the USS Bataan sailing almost behind the hurricane so once the hurricane made landfall, its search and rescue helicopters could be available almost immediately So, we had things ready.

"The only caveat is: we have to wait until the president authorizes us to do so. The laws of the United States say that the military can't just act in this fashion; we have to wait for the president to give us permission."

Apparently, that permission could have been given right away, but it wasn't. Bush was on vacation, sharing some cake with John McCain, and pretending to play some guitar.

This seems like it could be a fairly big deal. There's been some frustration on the part of military officials about bureaucracy and FEMA's ineffectiveness, but Kelly's remarks to the BCC sounded like a fairly direct challenge to the president's leadership — they wanted to leap into action, but the White House never made the call.

Considering that there are already questions about who was in charge last week, can someone please ask the White House who first gave the order to NorthCom and when?

http://www.thecarpetbaggerreport.com/wp-print.php?p=5167 site down

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LOOK AT THE DATE!!!
On this letter:

http://gov.louisiana.gov/Disaster%20Relief%20Request.pdf site down
Mirrored at: http://www.apfn.org/pdf/relief.pdf  & http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Katrina_Relief.htm
The feds keep saying the State Government didn't ASK for help until 4 days AFTER the storm hit. this letter shows the feds LIED.

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FEMA officials wouldn't listen;

Sat Sep 3, 2005 21:59

 

HURRICANE KATRINA
EMERGENCY CONTACT INFORMATION - info@hurricane.lsu.edu
LSU Hurricane Experts - Media Contact Information
http://hurricane.lsu.edu/


... SOURCES: Ivor van Heerden, Ph.D., director,
Louisiana State University Hurricane Center, Baton Rouge; wire service ...
GOOGLE: DR. IVOR VAN HEERDEN


FEMA officials wouldn't listen; The scenario was dubbed Hurricane Pam:
America's ordeal
http://observer.guardian.co.uk/focus/story/0,6903,1562298,00.html

One of those quoted was Dr Ivor van Heerden, deputy director of the Louisiana State University's Hurricane Centre. In a worst-case situation, he said, with incomplete evacuation: 'We could have up to 45,000 killed and 400,000 trapped on roofs, with 700,000 evacuees who would now be homeless.'

He was more right than wrong. It was not only van Heerden and the New York Times that were sounding the warning. Over the years, because of its urban development and unique geography, it had become clear New Orleans was an accident waiting to happen, a city that had eaten up its natural marsh defences over the years, and that was sinking under its own the weight.

Indeed, prior to 9/11, the Federal Emergency Management Agency - one of the bodies that has drawn the most criticism for the inadequacy of its response in the last week - had listed a major storm surge on New Orleans and the Gulf Coast as one of the three most likely catastrophic events it might have to cope with, along with a major earthquake on the West Coast and a terrorist attack on New York.

At local level, too, the threat to the New Orleans had long been understood. In July last year, federal and state officials ran a simulation exercise to work out what would happen if a category 3 hurricane hit New Orleans.

The prognosis was not good: it would result in billions of dollars' worth of damage. Something had to be done. In 2000, a trial was conducted using a fictional 'Hurricane Zebra'. Again, the warnings were dire. But neither simulation factored in what would happen if the levees failed in addition to water pouring over their tops.

The fact is, New Orleans was always heading for disaster. Built in a bowl of reclaimed marshland with Lake Pontchartrain to the north and bisected by the Mississippi, the only surprising thing is how long New Orleans has been spared. The entire area is built on shifting silt. During the 18th century, the French authorities oversaw the roll out of an extensive system of levees in an attempt to shore up the banks of the Mississippi, an approach that has been followed by subsequent governors and administrators over the ensuing centuries.

But, as the levees stop the silt from shifting, the region's ability to absorb storm waves using its natural resources becomes dramatically reduced. Silt islands that used to form in the area and acted as a first line of defence are now much smaller than they were several decades ago.

And as the city has expanded it has reclaimed marshland that has accelerated the drying of the delta. As it has dried, so New Orleans has sunk.

All of this was well known long before Katrina boiled up in the Caribbean, so much so that the American Red Cross, three years ago, declared it was not prepared to provide hurricane shelters in the city because of the risk to staff and the general public of the shelters being flooded.

In the Natural Hazards Observer in November 2004, Shirley Laska, director of the Centre for Hazards Assessment, Response and Technology at the University of New Orleans, predicted a direct hit could produce 'conditions never before experienced in a North American disaster' and said evacuation problems would be severe.

Most chilling of all, perhaps, was the estimation by scientists, that in any given year the risk of a storm like Katrina hitting the city head on - with all the awful consequences - was less than 100-1.

None of which explains why, far from gearing up for a potential catastrophe on a massive scale, America swept the problem of New Orleans under the carpet.

Far from funding urgent studies on how to save the city in the event of a disaster, budgets were pulled following 9/11, according to former members of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (Fema), the body charged with clearing up the mess and sorting out insurance claims.

The lack of money for further studies is perplexing: as late as this year, Fema officials had conducted a tour of tsunami devastated south-east Asia earlier in the year. It caused them to worry. 'We were obsessed with New Orleans because of the risk,' Michael D Brown, a Fema director, told the New York Times

And yet nothing happened to prevent disaster. Last week the inevitable occurred.

Mike Silah was entitled to believe he'd seen it all. Just after 9pm last Sunday, however, the 'hurricane pilot' swooped into the 25-mile-wide eye of Katrina and gasped. Her size was astounding; towering columns of cumulonimbus stretched six miles above his plane; on all sides swirled a thick wall of cloud holding energy equivalent to more than 10,000 nuclear warheads. He radioed Florida's hurricane centre and said a monster was heading towards New Orleans, by now just 100 miles away.

Silah told The Observer: 'I warned there was going to be a very long night ahead. It looked beautiful, but then you remember people on the ground are going to have to survive this.'

But the authorities had heard it all before. Six weeks ago the London-based Benfield Hazard Research Centre told the US to expect 200 per cent more hurricane activity this summer and demanded 'vigilance on the part of the government'.

Precisely a month ago, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) told US authorities that the Atlantic coast should be braced for one of the most ferocious hurricane seasons on record. Meteorologists briefed government officials that it was imperative 'hurricane-vulnerable communities have a hurricane preparedness plan in place'.

They predicted a 100 per cent chance of above-normal hurricane activity. Scientists had noticed something unusual in the distant waters off the west coast of Africa. Sea temperatures off Ghana were at an historical high, significantly above the 27C required to form a hurricane.

Hot air wafting off the vast pool of warm tropical ocean became the fuel that first fed Katrina. As the wet, warm air rose it cooled and condensed into huge thunderclouds that would eventually form an ominous anvil shape towering seven miles above the Atlantic. Silah recalls looking up from his plane at 10,000ft and gazing in awe at the hurricane's eyewall looming another 30,000 ft above.

Meteorologists too had noticed another crucial factor that helped ensure Katrina's size and ferocity. A configuration of the African easterly jet wind would push her neatly west from the warm African waters. In fact she would be ushered right along 'hurricane alley' - the corridor of tropical seas that runs from the Atlantic to the Gulf of Mexico and eventually to the coast of Louisiana.

Katrina was formed off west Africa around a fortnight ago, its increasing form spun by the trade winds as it crept at 25mph towards the US. As she sucked the warm moist air from the Atlantic so she steadily grew. New charts from the NOAA reveal sea temperatures of 33C were recorded off the coast of Louisiana when she struck; Katrina's ferocity would have escalated sharply until the moment she struck land.
By the time Silah 'penetrated' Katrina hours before she struck New Orleans, she had become the perfect hurricane; vast banks of turbulent cumulonimbus slowly revolving around a cylinder of still air. She was category 5; the most dangerous of all.

'There was a party going on in Bourbon Street the night before the hurricane struck,' said Rosemary Rimmer Clay, a Quaker from Brighton who was visiting the city with her two sons, after escaping the immediate disaster area.

'One man stood up and said: "I don't want to die."There was a real sense of impending doom,' Rimmer-Clay said. Trapped in the Park St Charles hotel, in the city's central business district, she sensed the party atmosphere evaporate as Katrina's 140mph winds approached.

First came the stories of the 25ft waves surging across Lake Pontchartrain. Then the toilets packed up in the hotel and the lights failed.

'The atmosphere felt incredibly dangerous. It was like a war zone. But at the same time parts of it were incredibly boring, just sitting in the dark listening to crashing sounds,' Rimmer-Clay recalls.

Then, after eight hours of meteorological violence, came silence. Katrina had torn across the city, dropping to a category 4 just before she roared in, but still the strongest hurricane to hit New Orleans for decades.

The fifth of the city's population who had chosen to stay - or had no choice - breathed a collective sigh of relief and waited for the lights to come back on, unaware that the storm surges had fatally weakened the levees protecting the city. After the wind, a new and more deadly force was about to be unleashed - the waters of the Mississippi and Lake Pontchartrain.

Even before New Orleans could start to assess the damage the bad news started to leak out. Literally. Two levees had burst, sending huge waves washing down the city streets, turning them into canals. Outside, as roads and building disappeared under water, chaos ensued in an orgy of looting.

'The police told us they were authorised to beat or shoot looters. I saw one man carrying a huge box of tampons; it was surreal,' Rimmer-Clay said. Witnesses told how they saw a mail van being held up and its contents ripped out.

On top of the long-term failures to protect the city, a new and deadly series of failures were about to be revealed. Confronted with America's worst natural disaster, its inability to cope would shamingly be revealed.

There is presently only one way out of the city by car, and that is to the south. To the north, Interstate 10 disappears into a vast expanse of water 11 miles from the centre. It is a surreal juxtaposition of Tarmac and swampland: man subsumed by nature. On the city's outskirts, at the junction with La Place, where 24-hour burger joints now stand strangely empty and road signs lie twisted at the road's edge, scores of school buses wait ready to transport the homeless out of the city into the welcoming arms of church groups across Louisiana.

At the week's end, to get onto one of the buses is the equivalent of winning the Louisiana state lottery as huge queues have formed to escape. The elderly and children get priority. Occasionally, someone in the crowd faints and has to be carried out by the soldiers of the National Guard who finally have poured into this beleaguered city. Few people now say much. Some shout at the television cameras: 'We're dying', 'I haven't had water or eaten for three days', 'Doesn't anyone care?' But most are too tired to talk.

Instead they clutch their plastic bag bundles close to them like children. The high drama, the antediluvian excitement of surviving Katrina, has been replaced by a dull hatred of the red brown swamp that now surrounds and imprisons them.

Only the motels and the pawn-shops outside the city are doing brisk business. Inside everything is closed, destroyed or looted. A few New Orleans' residents have driven out of the south side and returned through the police road-blocks with shotguns in their trunks, determined to protect their properties from the gangs of looters.

With no clear advice coming from the emergency services, thousands headed for the centre of the city and ended up at the Superdome, the giant sporting arena, which had part of its synthetic roof ripped off in the storm.

As the numbers poured in, food and water quickly started to run out. Staff were forced to ration supplies, using handstamps to indicate who had received provisions. One man committed suicide, throwing himself off a ledge of the dome. A further 5,000 found themselves in the conference centre where, if anything, the situation quickly became even worse.

There were reports of gunshots at the two venues, although the authorities attacked the media for circulating what they called unfounded rumours. Inside the dome and the conference centre the bodies of the frail and elderly were left where they fell.

And for the vast the majority of Americans, it has not been the destructive power of nature, compounded by human failings that has been so shocking, but the perception that so many of the city's most frail and vulnerable - almost exclusively poor black Americans - were effectively abandoned.

The strain on the city's major hospitals soon became critical as their diesel-powered generators, necessary for sustaining the lives of people on ventilators and other medical equipment, began to run out of fuel. Plans were made to relocate the 350 patients and 1,000 doctors and nurses at Charity and University hospitals to facilities outside the city. Looters attempted to hijack a bus bringing drugs to the hospitals.

In the panic that followed, people desperately haggled with taxi drivers to get them out on the few dry roads south of the city. Why, residents are demanding to know, did the authorities not order a mandatory evacuation of New Orleans until Sunday? And why wasn't there adequate transportation laid on to help those who could not afford to travel, and the sick and elderly, to flee?

It is a question that was asked most powerfully in an editorial in New Orleans' own newspaper, publishing online as its presses have sunk under the water.

'The lack of a law enforcement presence is stunning. It is apparent that no one - neither New Orleans Police Chief Eddie Compass nor state and federal officials - were prepared for what would come after Katrina had passed through,' the paper roared in an editorial last week. 'Virtually everyone involved in public safety has failed the people left in New Orleans who are trying desperately to survive.'

And it is not just the press whose anger is boiling over. 'We can send massive amounts of aid to the tsunami victims, but we can't bail out the city of New Orleans,' stormed Terry Ebbert, New Orleans' own homeland security chief.

For if the failure to adequately protect one of the United States' most vulnerable cities from an avoidable disaster that has dwarfed 9/11 will be the subject for long-term Congressional investigation, the failures of leadership on all sides in the aftermath of Katrina are already being laid vividly bare. The blame-game that has begun has already drawn in everyone from local officials to senators in the affected states, to even President Bush himself in a round of mutual recriminations.

The criticism - both explicit and implicit - has seen partisan loyalties break down, as even local senior Republicans have let slip their frustration with the country's leadership. Among them has been Louisiana's Republican Congressman Charles W Boustany who said he had spent two days urging the Bush administration to send help. 'I started making calls and trying to impress upon the White House and others that something needed to be done,' he said. 'The state resources were being overwhelmed, and we needed direct federal assistance, command and control, and security - all three of which are lacking.'

Suite 3221 CEBA Building
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803
tel: (225) 578-4813
fax: (225) 578-7646
http://web.archive.org/web/20050907134926/http://www.publichealth.hurricane.lsu.edu/
 

Some at least have been honest in their failings. Lieutenan General Russel L Honore, in charge of the taskforce set up to respond to Katrina, admitted yesterday the extent of the devastation damage had caught him and other military planners off guard.

Some at least have been honest in their failings. Lieutenan General Russel L Honore, in charge of the taskforce set up to respond to Katrina, admitted yesterday the extent of the devastation damage had caught him and other military planners off guard.

'All last week, we were collaborating on developing options,' he said in a briefing to Pentagon reporters. 'None of us - nobody - was clairvoyant enough to perceive the damage that was going to be brought by this storm.'

But if one person has become a focus for the growing anger in the last 24 hours, it is President Bush himself for his apparent inability to recognise the seriousness of the situation. Worryingly for the White House, it is not just the usual suspects who have turned on him but Republicans too, while news anchors dropped any pretence of impartiality to blast the government. Political analysts now argue that a week of Katrina may have tarnished Bush's legacy in the way it took Iraq three years to do.

John Zogby of Zogby International, the respected pollster, told The Observer: 'This came at a time when the President was already wounded by Iraq. I am sure that you will see his approval numbers plummet because you are seeing criticism coming from Republicans. I think he is going to lose his bedrock support. In terms of his legacy, he was not able to reach the benchmark that he established for crisis leadership after 9/11.'

Even before Katrina, Bush's approval ratings had slipped to 43 percent, unusually low for a president at this stage of his tenure. And although Bush attempted on Friday to regain his poise by visiting the disaster zone and comforting victims, Zogby says this may prove inadequate.

'There were these images of him [earlier in the week] doing a 30-minute flyover then going home. By virtually all accounts he then gave the worst speech of his presidency. First impressions may very well be the lasting ones,' he said.

News coverage became steadily harder over the week, moving from praise for emergency workers and vague talk of compassion to outright hostility. On CNN, newsman Jack Cafferty said: 'I'm 62. I remember the riots in Watts, I remember the earthquake in San Francisco. I have never, ever seen anything as bungled and as poorly handled as this situation in New Orleans. Where the hell is the water for these people? Why can't sandwiches be dropped to the Superdome? What is going on? This is a disgrace.'

Bush, who tends not to admit failure and famously couldn't remember a single mistake he had made when asked by a reporter, agreed on Friday that the relief efforts are 'not acceptable'.

And for a wider American public, the disaster in New Orleans coming a week ahead of the fourth anniversary of 9/11, has a far wider national meaning than simply the Katrina catastrophe itself. Crucially it calls into doubt Bush's electoral promise that he was the best candidate to protect the nation from a terrorist attack.

Newt Gingrich, the former House Speaker, is among those who have asked whether Bush's Department of Homeland Security is up to the job. 'If we can't respond faster than this, then why do we think we're prepared to respond to a nuclear or biological attack?' he pointedly asked.

The depth of anger has permeated even some of Bush's most loyal supporters, including Rich Lowry, a rightwing commentator, who admitted to being 'embarrassed and ashamed' by the government's failure to keep order.

It has been as much about Bush's style as the reality on the ground that has rebounded on him. As he prepared to make his visit to New Orleans, he told reporters that he was 'looking forward to his trip' before changing his mind and decided that he wasn't looking forward to it after all. The president tried to use the fact that Trent Lott, a senior Republican, had his own house destroyed to display his celebrated folksy charm.

'Out of the rubbles of Trent Lott's house, there's going to be a fantastic house. And I'm looking forward to sitting on the porch,' he said. Commentators were quick to note that Lott has at least one other house, unlike the poor who are stranded in New Orleans.

And to many, the talk of rebuilding and the concern about looting seemed to miss the point: that people are dying in massive numbers. The obvious reality that those suffering worst are poor and black put the deep inequalities in US society on centre stage in an unusual way, throwing a harsh spotlight on Bush's social policies.

Dr Jeff Johnson at the University of Maryland said: 'These people had been abandoned by our society and by our government long before Katrina. The differences between classes and races in the US are getting worse, because the entire social welfare system is being intentionally dismantled. We have an enormous concentration of poverty and poor housing in the inner cities. Poor black people are not visible in this country until they start rioting.'

And the violence has raised other issues that go far beyond the war on terror, to the fragile nature of America's unequal society. As the looting and rioting escalated, New Orleans mayor, Ray Nagin, was forced to order 1,500 police on to the streets to quell the looting.

But still the chaos ensued. Carjackers forced the driver of a bus owned by a nursing home to surrender his vehicle. Guns were stolen from stores. Entire shops were stripped clean. One looter used a forklift to rip the metal security doors off a drugstore. At the Sports Authority in Riverside Marketplace, police had removed guns and ammunition and boarded up the place. But looters broke through and stole all the knives.

Few parts of New Orleans remained untouched by the looters. On Webster Street, in the 'uptown' part of the city, a sign has been scrawled: 'Do Not Enter. Trespassers will be shot.' By Thursday Nagin, a popular mayor in a city not keen on its politicians, was desperate, issuing an urgent SOS, an admission the city was effectively dying and a clear reproach to the president and the federal government.

The chaos begat chaos. The 6,000 power line workers assembled in the south-eastern corner of Louisiana to help restore power to the 990,000 utility customers still without electricity in central New Orleans, were unable to enter the city. 'We can't send workers out and put their lives in jeopardy,' said Arthur Wiese Junior, vice president of corporate communications for Entergy, the state's largest power supplier said. 'Once we have facilities back operating, we have to know that our workers can get to work safely.'

Twisted stories circulated: a Swat team had been sent in to restrain prisoners from the local jail who had overpowered their guards and had gone on the rampage; private boat owners were charging $700 to ferry people out of the city up the Mississippi; God was angry with New Orleans.

The latter is an observation repeated regularly by those fleeing the city. In the southern states, where people wear their religion on bumper stickers and T-shirts, and Pro Life is the only voice in the abortion debate, God is everywhere. 'God is tired of New Orleans,' said Barbara Windsor, who fled the city on Sunday with her family, shortly before Katrina hit. 'He sees the murders every day and he's talking to us; he's tired of looking at us and he's destroyed everything.'

How long Hurricane Katrina's impact will linger in New Orleans' psyche is incalculable.

Harry Goldgar is 84 years old and has lived in the city for 30 years. He likes literature and the humanities. On Sunday his New Orleans home was stuffed full of books, representing a lifetime searching for knowledge. Last week, lying on the floor of the First Pentecostal church in Zachary, 80 miles away, where pizza, ribs and sympathy were never far away, Goldgar's remaining worldly possessions were contained in one plastic bag.

'It's the books I'll miss. I hope to go back to see if anything can be saved,' Goldgar said. He is aware, however, that it will be months before anyone is allowed back in the city.

By then his stage his library - like much of New Orleans - will be little more than pulp.

What they said

'I am absolutely disgusted. After the tsunami, our people, even the ones who lost everything, wanted to help the others who were suffering. Not a single tourist caught in the tsunami was mugged. Now with all this happening in the US, we can easily see where the civilised part of the world's population is.'
Sajeewa Chinthaka, 36, watching a cricket match in Colombo, Sri Lanka

'Who are we if we can't take care of our own?'
Maureen Dowd, New York Times columnist

'Katrina hit five days ago ... Yet the response you'd expect from an advanced country never happened. Thousands of Americans are dead or dying, not because they refused to evacuate, but because they were too poor or too sick to get out without help - and help wasn't provided ... There will, and should be, many questions about the response of state and local governments; in particular, couldn't they have done more to help the poor and sick escape? But the evidence points, above all, to a stunning lack of both preparation and urgency in the federal government's response.'
Paul Krugman, New York Times columnist

'Every day that we delay, people are dying, and they're dying by the hundreds.'
New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin

'It seems like there was no coherent plan, which I don't understand because this precise scenario has been predicted for 20 years.'
Louisiana's Republican senator, David Vitter

'Worse things have happened to America. We're going to overcome this too.'
General Russell Honore, the cigar-chomping Louisianan in charge of National Guard units in New Orleans

'One lesson of Hurricane Katrina is that preparedness and response go hand in hand, whether the disaster is natural or man-made. Washington's response to Katrina is likely to gear up notably in the days to come, but the question of why it took so long will linger longer than the floodwaters.'
LA Times editorial

'Outrage? It has its place. For that there are targets galore stretching from the New Orleans region to Washington. There will be plenty of time for fault-finding - a task that we in Washington do oh so well. But not now. This is a time for action. Katrina is a test for the nation, a critical examination for us all, public and private. That is unless you're inclined to sit this one out in the armchair and second-guess.'
Colbert King, Washington Post columnist

'The Battle of New Orleans may yet be a cataclysmic event that scuttles Bush's political agenda ... But Bush's career is all about people underestimating him, and it would be a mistake to do so this time.'
Mattew Cooper, Time

'We are like little birds with our mouths open and you don't have to be very smart to know where to drop the worm. It's criminal within the confines of the US that within one hour of the hurricane they weren't force-feeding us.'
Colonel Terry Ebbert, New Orleans head of homeland security

'The National Guard's scramble to bring aid and order to New Orleans and the Gulf Coast is hamstrung by the fact that units across the country have, on average, half their usual amount of equipment - helicopters, Humvees, trucks, and weapons - on hand because much of it has been siphoned off to fight the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.'
Bryan Bender, columnist, Boston Globe
 

====================================================

This AP photo shows scores of New Orleans school buses sitting in flood waters after Hurricane Katrina - sitting where they sat instead of being used to evacuate thousands of poor people before Katrina hit.

====================================================

Chertoff blames the Media for his failings

Video   http://www.apfn.org/Movies/Russert_Chertoff.wmv 

Tim Russert grilled Chertoff over the absolute failure of his department in combating the Hurricane Katrina disaster. Russert exposed the lies that have been coming from the administration for their lack of response to Katrina. DON'T tell me that the government gets all its intelligence from the media? Think Progress points out when they actually knew, besides since they apparently do get their intel from the media, then they would have seen what we all saw. Transcipts and more video at the Meet The Press website. http://www.crooksandliars.com/ ====================================================

Louisana Senator Mary Landrieu to Bush: "I'll Punch Him

Landrieu: "If one person criticises them or says one more thing including the President of the US, he will be hearing from me. One more word about it after this show airs and I might likely punch him, literally"
Mirrored: http://www.apfn.org/Movies/Landrieu.wmv 

====================================================

Bob Schieffer Blasts the response to Katrina

Bob wrapped up Face the Nation today with this:

SCHIEFFER: Finally, a personal thought. We have come through what may have been one of the worst weeks in America's history, a week in which government at every level failed the people it was created to serve. There is no purpose for government except to improve the lives of its citizens. Yet as scenes of horror that seemed to be coming from some Third World country flashed before us, official Washington was like a dog watching television. It saw the lights and images, but did not seem to comprehend their meaning or see any link to reality.

Video http://www.apfn.org/Movies/Sheiffer_Katrina.wmv

====================================================

Ann Rodgers
Homeland Security won't let Red Cross deliver food
Sat Sep 3, 2005 21:02
Homeland Security won't let Red Cross deliver food

Saturday, September 03, 2005
By Ann Rodgers, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

As the National Guard delivered food to the New Orleans convention center yesterday, American Red Cross officials said that federal emergency management authorities would not allow them to do the same.

Other relief agencies say the area is so damaged and dangerous that they doubted they could conduct mass feeding there now.

"The Homeland Security Department has requested and continues to request that the American Red Cross not come back into New Orleans," said Renita Hosler, spokeswoman for the Red Cross.

"Right now access is controlled by the National Guard and local authorities. We have been at the table every single day [asking for access]. We cannot get into New Orleans against their orders."

Calls to the Department of Homeland Security and its subagency, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, were not returned yesterday.

Though frustrated, Hosler understood the reasons. The goal is to move people out of an uninhabitable city, and relief operations might keep them there. Security is so bad that she fears feeding stations might get ransacked.

"It's not about fault and blame right now. The situation is like an hourglass, and we are in the smallest part right now. Everything is trying to get through it," she said. "They're trying to help people get out."

Obstacles in downtown New Orleans have stymied rescuers who got there. The Salvation Army has two of its officers trapped with more than 200 people -- three requiring dialysis -- in its own downtown building. They were alerted by a 30-second plea for food and water before the phone went dead.

On Wednesday, The Salvation Army rented three boats for a rescue operation. They knew the situation was desperate, and that their own people were inside, said Maj. Donna Hood, associate director of development for the Army.

"The boats couldn't get through," she said. Although she doesn't know the details, she believes huge debris and electrical wires made passage impossible.

"We have 51 emergency canteens on the ground in the other affected areas. But where the need is greatest, in downtown New Orleans, there just is no access. That is the problem every relief group is facing," she said.

"America is obviously going to have to rethink disaster relief," said Jim Burton, director of volunteer mobilization for the North American Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention.

The Southern Baptists, who work under the Red Cross logo, are one of the largest, best-equipped providers of volunteer disaster relief in the United States. Most hot meals for disaster victims are cooked by Southern Baptist mobile kitchen units. Burton is a veteran of many hurricanes.

"Right now everybody is looking at FEMA and pointing fingers. Frankly, I have to tell you, I'm sympathetic. When in your lifetime have we experienced this? Even though we all do disaster scenario planning, we have to accept the reality that this is an extraordinary event. This is America's tsunami, that struck and ravaged America's most disaster-vulnerable city," he said.

Because New Orleans remains under water, it is different from other cities where Katrina struck harder, but where relief efforts are proceeding normally. Agencies place workers and supplies outside disaster areas before storms, to move in quickly. But there are always delays, Burton said, because nothing is deployed until experts survey the damage and decide where to most effectively put relief services.

The Southern Baptists operate more than 30 mobile kitchens that can each produce 5,000 to 25,000 meals daily, as well as mobile showers and communications trucks equipped with ham radios and cell phones. They are supporting refugee centers in Texas and Tennessee, and doing relief in Mississippi and Alabama. They have placed mobile kitchens around New Orleans to feed people as they come out.

Initially they tried to drive a tractor-trailer kitchen into New Orleans from Tennessee. It was stopped by the Mississippi Highway Patrol because the causeway it would have to cross had been destroyed, Burton said.

His agency has planned for missing bridges. The Southern Baptists' worst-case planning is for reaching Memphis after an earthquake on the New Madrid fault, which in 1812 whiplashed at a stone-crushing 8.1 on the Richter scale. Burton envisions the Mississippi without bridges.

So when state and local Southern Baptists raise money to build a mobile kitchen, he tells them to design it to be hoisted in by helicopter.

After Katrina, he thought he would have to airlift a feeding unit to one isolated town, but a road was cleared, he said. He doubts that dropping a kitchen into the New Orleans' poisoned waters, filled with raw sewage, dead bodies and possible industrial contaminants, would do any good. It made sense to prepare meals outside the area and truck them in or bring people out.

"The most important thing is to get the people out of that environment," he said.

He expects unusual problems to continue, because victims of Katrina flooding will need emergency food for far longer than the usual week or so. He's planning on at least two months.

Like the military, relief work requires a supply chain. Because business management favors just-in-time inventory, rather than stockpiling goods in warehouses, there isn't a huge stock of food to draw on, he said.

"When you go into a local area, it doesn't take long to wipe out the local food inventories," he said.

The Red Cross serves pre-packaged food, including self-heating "HeaterMeals" and snacks, that require no preparation. Yesterday the Red Cross was running evacuation shelters in 16 states, and on Thursday, the last day for which totals were available, served 170,000 meals and snacks in 24 hours.

While emergency shelters typically empty out days after a hurricane or other natural disaster, in Katrina's case they are becoming more crowded, Hosler said. People who had evacuated to the homes of relatives or hotels are moving in because they're out of money or want to be closer to what is left of their homes.

(Ann Rodgers can be reached at arodgers@post-gazette.com  or 412-263-1416.)

==========================
williamwyttenbach@hotmail.com  wrote:

As a M.D. (Medical Doctor), I am so heart broken that this criminal U.S. Gov't , Inc. currently sitting in D.C. will not allow all the help that is willing and available to offer, to those fellow American Citizens, waiting for the "Calvary", that is not coming. They have refused massive help from other countries ,
www.whatdoesitmean.com 
For example, Iran has offered 1 Billion ( 1,000 Million is USD they have to give and 5,000,000 barrels of oil for 35USD/barrel,..yet our "gov't" will not accept it, this is an "internal affair",...

The fires today "uncontrolled' were not that,....there are at least 50,000 dead American Citizens , the military there has no other option in controlling disease, than to burn those bodies,.....as terrible as it may sound,...they should, but they will not photograph these dead bodies so that perhaps families could identify their dead loved one,..and come to closure that they are "not still alive somewhere",....

Tyranny is Freedom , without Responsibility,,, able and willing to respond, is respond a bility,.....We must wake up and not give our power away to a corporation "U.S. Federal Gov't , Inc." ( www.teamlaw.org )

Wake up my fellow Americans,,...and smell the coffee of truth ( you will not the dead 50,000 dead bodies in New Orleans as they are being are being burned, to ash with no record of their death,....for the moment,...Don't believe the lies of this "owned and controlled Media",...and of this "govt' whom only exists because of your ignorance,...and fears,....

William H Wyttenbach, M.D.
Honorably discharged, Major, USAF

Gov/Pres. Republic Texas State
williamwyttenbach@hotmail.com

====================================================

New York Times

Did the Bush administration destroy FEMA's effectiveness?
Sun Sep 4, 2005 01:04


Published on Friday, September 2, 2005 by the New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/02/opinion/02krugman.html?pagewanted=print
A Can't-Do Government
by Paul Krugman

Before 9/11 the Federal Emergency Management Agency listed the three most likely catastrophic disasters facing America: a terrorist attack on New York, a major earthquake in San Francisco and a hurricane strike on New Orleans. "The New Orleans hurricane scenario," The Houston Chronicle wrote in December 2001, "may be the deadliest of all." It described a potential catastrophe very much like the one now happening.

So why were New Orleans and the nation so unprepared? After 9/11, hard questions were deferred in the name of national unity, then buried under a thick coat of whitewash. This time, we need accountability.

First question: Why have aid and security taken so long to arrive? Katrina hit five days ago - and it was already clear by last Friday that Katrina could do immense damage along the Gulf Coast. Yet the response you'd expect from an advanced country never happened. Thousands of Americans are dead or dying, not because they refused to evacuate, but because they were too poor or too sick to get out without help - and help wasn't provided. Many have yet to receive any help at all.

There will and should be many questions about the response of state and local governments; in particular, couldn't they have done more to help the poor and sick escape? But the evidence points, above all, to a stunning lack of both preparation and urgency in the federal government's response.

Even military resources in the right place weren't ordered into action. "On Wednesday," said an editorial in The Sun Herald in Biloxi, Miss., "reporters listening to horrific stories of death and survival at the Biloxi Junior High School shelter looked north across Irish Hill Road and saw Air Force personnel playing basketball and performing calisthenics. Playing basketball and performing calisthenics!"

Maybe administration officials believed that the local National Guard could keep order and deliver relief. But many members of the National Guard and much of its equipment - including high-water vehicles - are in Iraq. "The National Guard needs that equipment back home to support the homeland security mission," a Louisiana Guard officer told reporters several weeks ago.

Second question: Why wasn't more preventive action taken? After 2003 the Army Corps of Engineers sharply slowed its flood-control work, including work on sinking levees. "The corps," an Editor and Publisher article says, citing a series of articles in The Times-Picayune in New Orleans, "never tried to hide the fact that the spending pressures of the war in Iraq, as well as homeland security - coming at the same time as federal tax cuts - was the reason for the strain."

In 2002 the corps' chief resigned, reportedly under threat of being fired, after he criticized the administration's proposed cuts in the corps' budget, including flood-control spending.

Third question: Did the Bush administration destroy FEMA's effectiveness? The administration has, by all accounts, treated the emergency management agency like an unwanted stepchild, leading to a mass exodus of experienced professionals.

Last year James Lee Witt, who won bipartisan praise for his leadership of the agency during the Clinton years, said at a Congressional hearing: "I am extremely concerned that the ability of our nation to prepare for and respond to disasters has been sharply eroded. I hear from emergency managers, local and state leaders, and first responders nearly every day that the FEMA they knew and worked well with has now disappeared."

I don't think this is a simple tale of incompetence. The reason the military wasn't rushed in to help along the Gulf Coast is, I believe, the same reason nothing was done to stop looting after the fall of Baghdad. Flood control was neglected for the same reason our troops in Iraq didn't get adequate armor.

At a fundamental level, I'd argue, our current leaders just aren't serious about some of the essential functions of government. They like waging war, but they don't like providing security, rescuing those in need or spending on preventive measures. And they never, ever ask for shared sacrifice.

Yesterday Mr. Bush made an utterly fantastic claim: that nobody expected the breach of the levees. In fact, there had been repeated warnings about exactly that risk.

So America, once famous for its can-do attitude, now has a can't-do government that makes excuses instead of doing its job. And while it makes those excuses, Americans are dying.

© 2005 New York Times
===================================

====================================================

Bush panics and sends in the marines

RICHARD GRAY, JACQUI GODDARD IN NEW ORLEANS AND ALEX MASSIE IN WASHINGTON


A PANICKED George Bush yesterday ordered elite troops on to the streets of New Orleans in an unprecedented attempt to stop violence in the disaster-struck city spiralling out of control.

The deployment, nearly a week after Hurricane Katrina struck, will see 7,000 marines and airborne troops sent to the emergency zone, where they are expected to crack down on the gun-toting gangs terrorising survivors.



Despite a blitz of TV appearances, Bush faces mounting criticism for failing to act fast enough to avert the crisis affecting millions on the Gulf Coast.

Thousands of National Guardsmen have failed to regain control of New Orleans. Fires continue to belch smoke over the city and sporadic gunfire echoes through the flooded streets.

Military experts said last night that regular soldiers - let alone elite assault troops - had never before been used to quell disorder in the United States.

As the president announced the military operation, long-awaited packages of food, water and medicines finally started to reach the stranded hurricane victims in New Orleans. A crowd of nearly 20,000 stood outside the city's convention centre as camouflage-green supply trucks rolled through axle-deep floodwaters.

But as thousands of the hurricane victims struggled to escape from the horror inside the city, violence escalated.

Looters and armed gangs roamed the streets robbing and raping victims as they struggled to recover from the disaster. Thick black smoke blanketed the city from oil fires left to burn in a place which lacks the manpower to put them out.

Addressing the nation in a live broadcast from the White House Rose Garden, Bush said the priority for the troops was to regain control.

"The enormity of the task requires more resources," he said, promising to return to the region tomorrow. "In America we do not abandon our fellow citizens in their hour of need.

"Our priorities are clear. We will complete the evacuation as quickly and safely as possible. We will not let criminals prey on the vulnerable, and we will not allow bureaucracy to get in the way of saving lives.

"The main priority is to restore and maintain law and order and assist in recover and evacuation efforts." Bush announced active duty troops from the 82nd Airborne, the 1st Calvary, 1st Marine Expeditionary Force and the 2nd Marine Expeditionary force would arrive in the affected areas within the next 24 to 72 hours.

The decision to send in regular forces came after the president met with defence secretary Donald Rumsfeld and homeland security secretary Michael Chertoff.

But the deployment will place even greater strain on an army already struggling to meet its commitments in Iraq and other world troublespots.

There are currently 4,000 members of the Louisiana National Guard and no fewer than 12,000 guardsmen from neighbouring Mississippi serving in Iraq.

Military expert Charles Heyman, editor of Jane's World Armies, said: "Regular and elite forces are basically barred from operating inside a state without the authority of that state.

"They have never had the ability to use their weapons in any state without the express consent of the state. It goes right back to the constitution."

Meanwhile, Bush pledged the city of New Orleans would be rebuilt. He said: "I know that those of you who have been hit hard by Katrina are suffering. Many are angry and desperate for help.

"Where our response is not working, we will make it right. Where our response is working, we will duplicate it.

"We have a responsibility to our brothers and sisters all along the Gulf Coast, and we will not rest until we get this right, and the job is done."

He added: "This week we have all been humbled by the awesome powers of Mother Nature. It is hard to imagine a bright future. But when you talk to the proud folks in the area, you see a spirit that cannot be broken."

Although the president said he would return to the Gulf Coast tomorrow, his initial response was deemed tardy and inadequate by many observers.

When he first spoke to the nation on Wednesday, his speech was heavily criticised.

Peggy Noonan, a former speechwriter for Ronald Reagan and an influential conservative columnist, asked poignantly: "Does he know in his gut that the existence of looting, chaos and disease in a great American city, or cities, is a terrible blow that may have deep implications?"

Former House Speaker and would-be Presidential candidate Newt Gingrich was one of several Republicans to criticise the administration. He says the disaster "puts into question all of the Homeland Security and Northern Command planning for the last four years."

New Orleans Police Chief Edwin Compass broke down as he called for more boats to help him deploy his men around the city to protect its remaining residents.

He said: "We have individuals who are getting raped and getting beaten. Tourists are walking in that direction and they are getting preyed upon."

With violence hampering relief efforts, the evacuation of the 30,000 refugees from the Superdome stadium also stalled yesterday, leaving nearly 5,000 still inside.

As the refugees waited in 90-degree heat, some passed out and were carried to a makeshift medical ward at a nearby shopping mall.

Decision to end a life in city of woe

ARRIVING in New Orleans last Sunday, I have spent a week reporting the unfolding misery and ruined lives in the aftermath of the hurricane.

But nothing, in the plethora of grim tales of disaster, compares with a terrible incident recounted to me as the week drew to a close. There was a 380-pound man stranded on the seventh floor of a New Orleans hospital. Unable to get him down five flights of stairs to the second-floor exit, through which other patients were being evacuated onto rescue boats to escape the rising floodwater, a female manager took a shocking decision. She ordered that he be given euthanasia.

A bearded, middle-aged doctor, who is still wearing his green hospital garb, tells me the sad story as he and his colleagues sit at the muddy, squalid refugee-receiving post on New Orleans' I10 Highway. He does not want to give me his name and will not identify the patient out of respect.

But he wants people to know what happened in there. His lower jaw quivers as he recalls the events of Wednesday night.

"We had minutes to get out, and I asked, 'What are we going to do about this guy, because he's a big man. It was going to be tough getting him down those stairs - the elevators weren't working. That woman turned to me and said straight out, 'We're going to help him to heaven'. It makes me want to break down, how that man's life was taken away."

It is one of so many gruesome and desperate stories that have poured forth from the tens of thousands of refugees.

There was a woman holding court in the lobby of my hotel in downtown New Orleans on Tuesday as the floodwaters lapped across the threshold. Her name was Hilary Callaghan and she was here with her husband Kevin for "a cheap thrill".

They had come from their home in Ohio on a low-cost weekend, knowing that the room rate would be lower during storm season.

"We thought we would make the hurricane part of the adventure," she enthuses as others around her are hoisting suitcases and bags of possessions over their heads and wading through the rising water to get out while they can.

I am sure that from her hotel room, where she almost certainly spent the last five or so days holed up with little or no food or water, and sewage backing up in the toilet and her fellow guests weeping in fear, that she might have changed her mind. I am sure that too that if she had seen what I have seen over the last few days, she might have thought again.

I wish that she had seen the tears rolling down the faces of the mothers who came off the evacuation helicopters clutching their naked babies and unsure whether their husbands were alive or dead.

I wish she had seen the elderly nursing home residents being winched off rooftops on to a helicopter, wrapping sheets around their heads as they were too scared to look down.

I wish she had seen the squalor in which evacuees were made to wait at the side of a road because state and federal officials couldn't get their act together to evacuate them faster.

Althea Castillo's new home is an indoor baseball stadium in Houston, Texas, which she shares with 11,000 new neighbours. She and her children Keron and Ketaj lived off tinned peaches for three days after Hurricane Katrina drove them on to the roof of their apartment block. They had hoped to ride out the storm in a hotel with Althea's niece, Tiffany Washington, who worked there. But the morning before the hurricane hit, hotel managers announced that staff could not shelter there, leaving the four of them, with Althea's husband Catalino, no time to evacuate the city.

"I don't never want to come back to New Orleans again," Althea, 32, tells me at the highway refugee post. "There's nothing here for me no more."

Then there was Charlene Brown-Williams, 41, lying on the floor of the city's airport with around 10,000 others awaiting emergency flights out. She does not know what happened to any of her friends or relatives and is being sent several states away to start a new life in a shelter. "I went to sleep on the night of the storm and I prayed. I'm still praying for those angels to come and take me. There's somebody out there with wings on their back but so far they're not coming through for me."

JACQUI GODDARD IN NEW ORLEANS 

====================================================

The scenario was dubbed Hurricane Pam:
http://msnbc.msn.com/id/9178501/


What's more, it appears that the federal government did not follow up on an exercise last year that mostly predicted what happened in New Orleans   devastating flooding and hundreds of thousands stranded.

The scenario was dubbed Hurricane Pam: 120 mph winds, a massive storm surge, 20 feet of water in the city, 80 percent of buildings damaged, refugees on rooftops, possibly gun violence that would slow the rescue.

"What bothers me the most is all the people who've died unnecessarily," says Ivor Van Heerden, a hurricane researcher from Louisiana State University who ran the exercise.

Van Heerden says the federal government didn't take it seriously.

"Those FEMA officials wouldn't listen to me," he says. "Those Corps of Engineers people giggled in the back of the room when we tried to present information."

One recommendation from the exercise: Tent cities should be prepared for the homeless.

"Their response to me was: 'Americans don't live in tents,' and that was about it," recalls Van Heerden.

However, others say it's unfair to blame the federal government, that no amount of planning could have prepared for this.

"We have trained against similar scenarios, but it's not the same as a crisis unfolding before your eyes," says Frank Cilluffo, a former Bush administration aide for homeland security.

Homeland security officials also argue that no one predicted that flooding and devastation would encompass not just New Orleans but the entire Gulf Coast.
© 2005 MSNBC Interactive
===========================
America's ordeal
Guardian Unlimited, UK - 9 minutes ago
... One of those quoted was Dr Ivor van Heerden, deputy director of the Louisiana State University's Hurricane Centre. In a worst-case ...
FULL REPORT:
http://observer.guardian.co.uk/focus/story/0,6903,1562298,00.html
=====================

... SOURCES: Ivor van Heerden, Ph.D., director,
Louisiana State University Hurricane Center, Baton Rouge; wire service ...
GOOGLE: DR. IVOR VAN HEERDEN


DEMAND ACCOUNTABILITY... NO MORE WACO'S !!!!

Health Risk From Katrina May Last for Weeks
Anyone returning to New Orleans for the next 7 days would be 'entering a wilderness,' expert says.

================================================

The meeting was held on Wednesday, August 21, 2002, at the Pennington Biomedical Conference Center in Baton Rouge. Principal Investigators and subcontractors from LSU, the LSU Health Science Center in New Orleans, and Notre Dame University, as well as members of a newly formed advisory panel of state governmental officials, convened for the first time as Project Director Dr. Ivor van Heerden formally launched the five-year project.

The over five-million dollar research project was funded through a grant award by the Louisiana Board of Regents under the Millenium Trust Health Excellence Fund. LSU is providing matching funds.

The project involves the development of a new "Center for the Study of the Public Health Impacts of Hurricanes." This public health center, much like the LSU Hurricane Center formed in July 1999, will be a virtual Center - comprised of researchers and experts from various disciplines operating from as far away as Indiana. Advisory Board members from various Louisiana state agencies will also be adding their expertise to the Center and providing project guidance.



Mr. Hampton Peele of the Louisiana Geological Survey presents some of the Geographic Information System (GIS) technology available for detailing the greater New Orleans study area.

FULL REPORT:
August 26, 2002
LSU Professors Team Up for Hurricane Center Public Health Project

LSU Research Professors team up for Hurricane Center Public Health Project

NOVA | scienceNOW | January 25, 2005: Biographies | PBS
A native of South Africa, Ivor Van Heerden is currently Director of the Center
... In Louisiana, Dr. Penland has developed models to explain barrier island ...

===============================================================

New Orleans mayor fears CIA to take him out
Sat Sep 3, 2005 22:42
 

Subject: [apfn-1] Fwd: New Orleans mayor fears CIA to take him out
Date: Sat, 3 Sep 2005 18:11:38 -0700 (PDT)
From: Vicky Davis eyeswideoopen@yahoo.com

I don't doubt it for a minute. There is more to the story about the levees and New Orleans than we've been getting in the media (I bet you are really surprised about that huh?)

Listen to this program - Dr. Stanley Monteith, Friday Sept. 2nd. Guest Bill Sarney or Sardy? Health Journalist. He said they knew that there would be 100,000 dead and that there would be over a million people who couldn't get out without help. He also said that the Bush Administration converted some of the nearby wetlands that helped soak up some of the water surrounding New Orleans to land for development. I'm sure the mayor knew all about that and was probably complicit in the deals.

http://web.archive.org/web/20060117174331/http://mp3.rbnlive.com/Stan05.html


This makes the Halliburton deal all the more suspicious doesn't it? Halliburton has engineers and of course there is the Corp of Engineers who would have known that converting those wetlands was a bad idea.

[ btw... the last part of the program they talk about weather modification ]


ARCHANGEL wrote:

Date: Sat, 3 Sep 2005 17:07:54 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: New Orleans mayor fears CIA to take him out

New Orleans mayor fears CIA to take him out
Nagin says he has been yelling at governor, president
Posted: September 3, 2005
7:00 p.m. Eastern


© 2005 WorldNetDaily.com

New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin said he's feeling better about his city, he feels confident he has gotten the attention of Gov. Kathleen Blanco and President Bush, but he said he fears the Central Intelligence Agency may take him out because he's been yelling at these officials.
He didn't say it once. He said it twice.

Last night he told a reporter for the Associated Press: "If the CIA slips me something and next week you don't see me, you'll all know what happened."

Today he told interviewers for CNN on a live broadcast he feared the "CIA might take me out."

Nagin resorted to vulgarity and profanity yesterday in his pleas for help. But he was actually calmer today, despite the hyperbole.

Nagin said Bush gave him a "hearty" greeting and did not seem at all offended by Nagin's earlier outburst.

"I do think the pleas for help basically got the nation's attention, and the nation's attention got everybody to stop and re-evaluate what was going on, including the president. ... He basically said, 'Look, our response was not what it should have been and we're going to fix it right now.'"

Nagin said evacuation has been hampered by officials' difficulty grasping where state authority ends and federal authority begins and he said he very frankly urged Bush and Blanco to get a clear chain of command straightened out immediately.


"You are a member of government. And one of that majority which has doomed my country to destruction. You've begun to burn our towns and murder our people. Look upon you hands. They are stained with the blood of your relations. You and I were long friends.You are now my enemy and I am yours.".........................Benjamin Franklin 7-5-1775


Vicky Davis

========================================================================

Canadians also trying to deliver food
Sat Sep 3, 2005 22:06
 
Here's a brief bit of a story I found about the Canadians and their efforts to deliver REQUESTED aid to Louisiana:

"Planes are ready to load with food and medical supplies and a system called "DART" which can provide fresh water and medical supplies is standing by. Department of Homeland Security as well as other U.S. agencies were contacted by the Canadian government requesting permission to provide help. Despite this contact, Canada has not been allowed to fly supplies and personnel to the areas hit by Katrina. So, everything here is grounded."
==============

The more information that gets out about the hurricane, its effects and the survivors, it seems that there are just more questions and inconsistencies.

===================================================

William Norman Grigg

Why So Few First Responders in New Orleans? They're in Iraq
Sat Sep 3, 2005 17:38

 

In The News : TNA Online Last Updated: Sep 2nd, 2005 - 08:31:47

--------------------------------------------------------

Why So Few First Responders in New Orleans? They're in Iraq!
by William Norman Grigg

September 1, 2005

Washington's perverse imperial priorities -- wage war abroad first, protect Americans at home later -- exacerbated the tragic impact of Hurricane Katrina.

More than two years ago, The New American warned that the Bush administration's war in Iraq was denuding states and municipal governments of "first responders" who would be desperately needed in the event of a disaster or attack at home.

The occupation of Iraq has rested heavily on the services of National Guard units, including those from Gulf States that have been mutilated by Hurricane Katrina. Additionally, many Guardsmen and reservists now serving in Iraq are key law enforcement and disaster response personnel whose absence is also being keenly felt in the flood-ravaged states.

"With military call-ups skimming the cream of state and local 'first-responders,' communities nationwide are more vulnerable now than they were prior to 9-11," advised "Exporting Our 'First Responders,'" a feature article in our May 5, 2003 issue. The article cited George C. Wilson of the National Journal, who pointed out that in the event of a terrorist attack on several cities involving nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons, "police and firefighters would be overwhelmed. And the governors might have no National Guardsmen because they would all be overseas.."

Nature's assault on the Gulf Coast was, in some ways, comparable to a strike by a tactical nuclear weapon. The toxic wake to be left by receding floodwaters will create a public health catastrophe larger than most conceivable bio- or chemical weapons attacks. Added to this is the breakdown of civic order in New Orleans and elsewhere in the region. Grave as the crisis would be even in the best of times, the absence of First Responders deployed to Iraq threatens to turn it into an unprecedented calamity.

"Chalk up the city of New Orleans as a cost of Bush's Iraq war," comments former Treasury Department official Paul Craig Roberts in his syndicated column. "There were not enough helicopters to repair the breached levees and rescue people trapped by rising water. Nor are there enough Louisiana National Guardsmen available to help with rescue efforts and to patrol against looting. The situation is the same in Mississippi. The National Guard and helicopters are off on a fool's mission in Iraq."

"Now the Guardsmen, trapped in the Iraqi quagmire, are watching on TV the families they left behind trapped by rising waters and wondering if the floating bodies are family members," continues Roberts. "None know where their dislocated families are, but, shades of Fallujah, they do see their destroyed homes."

Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair of Counterpunch offer a similarly grim account. Noting that New Orleans is in a desperate condition "akin [to] Dacca in Bangladesh a few years ago," they point out that "there were precisely seven Coast Guard helicopters in operation" to aid rescue efforts in the submerged city. "Where are the National Guard helicopters? Presumably strafing Iraqi citizens on the roads outside Baghdad and Fallujah."

"As the war's unpopularity soars," they predict, "there will be millions asking, Why is the National Guard in Iraq, instead of helping the afflicted along the Gulf in the first crucial hours, before New Orleans, Biloxi, and Mobile turn into toxic toilet bowls with thousands marooned on the tops of houses."

Infuriatingly, money that was to be used to fortify the levees near New Orleans was also diverted to pay for the Iraq misadventure. In an interview with the New Orleans Times-Picayune more than a year ago, Walter Maestri, emergency management chief for Louisiana's Jefferson Parish, lamented: "It appears that the money has been moved in the president's budget to handle homeland security and the war in Iraq, and I suppose that's the price we pay. Nobody locally is happy that the levees can't be finished, and we are doing everything we can to make the case that this is a security issue for us."

This aspect of the tragedy illustrates the cold reality that it is futile - and ultimately destructive - to rely on the central government in matters of local security. One inevitable consequence of our degeneration from a constitutional republic into a democratic empire is Washington's habit of siphoning both wealth and manpower away from states and local communities, and pouring them into grandiose campaigns abroad.

Providing for the "general welfare," in the words of the Constitution's preamble, is best accomplished by allowing Americans to keep their wealth and manage their own affairs at the local and state level. But Washington is in the grip of an amoral Power Elite that has other priorities. It's more important to that Power Elite to work its will on recalcitrant people abroad than it is to provide for the security of our citizens at home. And as the post-Hurricane crisis deepens, Americans will probably learn that the methods of coercion field-tested abroad can find violent application at home as well.

A crisis of this magnitude offers fertile soil in which authoritarian ambitions can take root, as well as a climate of acceptance for authoritarianism. Thus the following account from the Associated Press (hat tip: Charles Featherstone at LRC Blog) is sobering and alarming:

"Outside the Convention Center, the sidewalks were packed with people without food, water or medical care, and with no sign of law enforcement. Thousands of storm refugees had been assembling outside for days, waiting for buses that did not come.

"At least seven bodies were scattered outside, and hungry, desperate people who were tired of waiting broke through the steel doors to a food service entrance and began pushing out pallets of water and juice and whatever else they could find.

"An old man in a chaise lounge lay dead in a grassy median as hungry babies wailed around him. Around the corner, an elderly woman lay dead in her wheelchair, covered up by a blanket, and another body lay beside her wrapped in a sheet. 'I don't treat my dog like that,' 47-year-old Daniel Edwards said as he pointed at the woman in the wheelchair. 'I buried my dog.' He added: 'You can do everything for other countries but you can't do nothing for your own people. You can go overseas with the military but you can't get them down here.'"

Having deprived the states of the ability to respond to such disasters (as Madison pointed out in The Federalist, No. 45, this is almost exclusively a state function), the federal government (meaning, again, the Power Elite controlling it) can now exploit this apocalyptic disaster. Opportunities abound to set precedents for militarizing domestic emergency responses, federal interventions in the energy market, perhaps even the re-introduction of conscription in the guise of a national service program to deal with disaster relief (as well as military contingencies). The displacement of hundreds of thousands of people, and the radiating economic consequences of the disaster, will offer further opportunities to expand the central government's powers in novel and dangerous ways.
 

All of this underscores anew the wisdom in Frederic Bastiat's well-worn axiom that governments expand their powers by creating the poison and the antidote in the same laboratory. This is not to say or intimate that the federal government somehow controls the weather, but rather that its perverse imperial priorities helped magnify a tragedy into the crisis from which it now stands to profit.
=====================================================

[DrRichBoylanReports] holding accountable those in charge
Sat Sep 3, 2005 17:47


Subject: [DrRichBoylanReports] holding accountable those in charge
Date: Sat, 3 Sep 2005 09:55:01 -0700
From: Richard Boylan PhD drboylan@sbcglobal.net
To: DrRichBoylanReports , , StarKidsHangout  

My Groups | DrRichBoylanReports Main Page

Friends and Star Kids,

In view of the fact that the Star Visitors have indicated that Hurricane Katrina is the American beginning of the mainstream flow of events known popularly as Earth Changes, foreshown to many by the Star Visitors, and in view of the fact that George W. Bush is pure Cabal, and we as lightworkers need to not only build a Fifth World society, but also tactically confront the Cabal when timely and necessary, I share the following letter of mine to the "President".

- Richard Boylan, Ph.D.

From: Richard Boylan PhD [ mailto:drboylan@sbcglobal.net ]
Sent: Friday, September 02, 2005 2:41 PM
To: 'PresidentGeoWBush'
Cc: FirstLadyLauraBush; 'GovernorArnoldSchwarzenegger'; SenBarbaraBoxer; SenDeborahOrtiz; Vice-PresidentCheney

Subject: Help for victims of Katrina NOW!!!

President George Walker Bush
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20500

Dear Mr. President:

The disaster that occurred when Hurricane Katrina came through New Orleans and adjacent Southern seaboard is dwarfed by the human tragedy that followed as many tens of thousands of persons are dispossessed and displaced.
You have relinquished your moral authority as President by your shilly-shallying, delayed, and inadequate response, which _continues_ too little, too late.

The National Guards are off on Rumsfeld's adventurism in Iraq and Afghanistan, when we need them home helping here.

FEMA has squandered its funding building secret underground cities for the "elite" to remove to when mega-disaster strikes topside, and so FEMA doesn't have enough money, planning and attention concentrated on Americans who need help now!

You delay for days a Declaration of Disaster, and in dispatching disaster relief, because after all, the only people left in New Orleans are poor Blacks, and they vote Democratic. A little ethnic cleansing-by-delayed-assistance.

Mr. Bush, it's past time. "Let's roll!"

In the light,

Richard J. Boylan, Ph.D.


Richard J. Boylan, Ph.D., LLC
Director, Star Kids Project, Ltd
Author: "Star Kids: the Emerging Cosmic Generation"
P.O. Box 22310
Sacramento, California 95822, USA
drboylan@sbcglobal.net
http://www.drboylan.com

=====================================
Notes From Inside New Orleans
by Jordan Flaherty

Friday, September 2, 2005


I just left New Orleans a couple hours ago. I traveled from the apartment I
was staying in by boat to a helicopter to a refugee camp. If anyone wants to
examine the attitude of federal and state officials towards the victims of
hurricane Katrina, I advise you to visit one of the refugee camps.


In the refugee camp I just left, on the I-10 freeway near Causeway, thousands
of people (at least 90% black and poor) stood and squatted in mud and trash
behind metal barricades, under an unforgiving sun, with heavily armed soldiers
standing guard over them. When a bus would come through, it would stop at a
random spot, state police would open a gap in one of the barricades, and people
would rush for the bus, with no information given about where the bus was
going. Once inside (we were told) evacuees would be told where the bus was taking
them - Baton Rouge, Houston, Arkansas, Dallas, or other locations. I was told
that if you boarded a bus bound for Arkansas (for example), even people with
family and a place to stay in Baton Rouge would not be allowed to get out of
the bus as it passed through Baton Rouge. You had no choice but to go to the
shelter in Arkansas. If you had people willing to come to New Orleans to pick you
up, they could not come within 17 miles of the camp.


I traveled throughout the camp and spoke to Red Cross workers, Salvation Army
workers, National Guard, and state police, and although they were friendly,
no one could give me any details on when buses would arrive, how many, where
they would go to, or any other information. I spoke to the several teams of
journalists nearby, and asked if any of them had been able to get any information
from any federal or state officials on any of these questions, and all of
them, from Australian TV to local Fox affiliates complained of an unorganized,
non-communicative, mess. One cameraman told me "as someone who's been here in
this camp for two days, the only information I can give you is this: get out by
nightfall. You don't want to be here at night."


There was also no visible attempt by any of those running the camp to set up
any sort of transparent and consistent system, for instance a line to get on
buses, a way to register contact information or find family members, special
needs services for children and infirm, phone services, treatment for possible
disease exposure, nor even a single trash can.


To understand this tragedy, its important to look at New Orleans itself.


For those who have not lived in New Orleans, you have missed a incredible,
glorious, vital, city. A place with a culture and energy unlike anywhere else in
the world. A 70% African-American city where resistance to white supremecy
has supported a generous, subversive and unique culture of vivid beauty. From
jazz, blues and hiphop, to secondlines, Mardi Gras Indians, Parades, Beads, Jazz
Funerals, and red beans and rice on Monday nights, New Orleans is a place of
art and music and dance and sexuality and liberation unlike anywhere else in
the world.


It is a city of kindness and hospitality, where walking down the block can
take two hours because you stop and talk to someone on every porch, and where a
community pulls together when someone is in need. It is a city of extended
families and social networks filling the gaps left by city, state and federal
governments that have abdicated their responsibility for the public welfare. It
is a city where someone you walk past on the street not only asks how you are,
they wait for an answer.


It is also a city of exploitation and segregation and fear. The city of New
Orleans has a population of just over 500,000 and was expecting 300 murders
this year, most of them centered on just a few, overwhelmingly black,
neighborhoods. Police have been quoted as saying that they don't need to search out the
perpetrators, because usually a few days after a shooting, the attacker is shot
in revenge.


There is an atmosphere of intense hostility and distrust between much of
Black New Orleans and the N.O. Police Department. In recent months, officers have
been accused of everything from drug running to corruption to theft. In
separate incidents, two New Orleans police officers were recently charged with rape
(while in uniform), and there have been several high profile police killings
of unarmed youth, including the murder of Jenard Thomas, which has inspired
ongoing weekly protests for several months.


The city has a 40% illiteracy rate, and over 50% of black ninth graders will
not graduate in four years. Louisiana spends on average $4,724 per child's
education and ranks 48th in the country for lowest teacher salaries. The
equivalent of more than two classrooms of young people drop out of Louisiana schools
every day and about 50,000 students are absent from school on any given day.
Far too many young black men from New Orleans end up enslaved in Angola Prison,
a former slave plantation where inmates still do manual farm labor, and over
90% of inmates eventually die in the prison. It is a city where industry has
left, and most remaining jobs are low-paying, transient, insecure jobs in the
service economy.


Race has always been the undercurrent of Louisiana politics. This disaster is
one that was constructed out of racism, neglect and incompetence. Hurricane
Katrina was the inevitable spark igniting the gasoline of cruelty and
corruption. From the neighborhoods left most at risk, to the treatment of the refugees
to the media portrayal of the victims, this disaster is shaped by race.


Louisiana politics is famously corrupt, but with the tragedies of this week
our political leaders have defined a new level of incompetence. As hurricane
Katrina approached, our Governor urged us to "Pray the hurricane down" to a
level two. Trapped in a building two days after the hurricane, we tuned our
battery-operated radio into local radio and TV stations, hoping for vital news, and
were told that our governor had called for a day of prayer. As rumors and
panic began to rule, they was no source of solid dependable information. Tuesday
night, politicians and reporters said the water level would rise another 12
feet - instead it stabilized. Rumors spread like wildfire, and the politicians
and media only made it worse.While the rich escaped New Orleans, those with nowhere to go and no way to
get there were left behind. Adding salt to the wound, the local and national
media have spent the last week demonizing those left behind. As someone that
loves New Orleans and the people in it, this is the part of this tragedy that
hurts me the most, and it hurts me deeply.


No sane person should classify someone who takes food from indefinitely
closed stores in a desperate, starving city as a "looter," but that just what the
media did over and over again. Sheriffs and politicians talked of having troops
protect stores instead of perform rescue operations.


Images of New Orleans' hurricane-ravaged population were transformed into
black, out-of-control, criminals. As if taking a stereo from a store that will
clearly be insured against loss is a greater crime than the governmental neglect
and incompetence that did billions of dollars of damage and destroyed a city.
This media focus is a tactic, just as the eighties focus on "welfare queens"
and "super-predators" obscured the simultaneous and much larger crimes of the
Savings and Loan scams and mass layoffs, the hyper-exploited people of New
Orleans are being used as a scapegoat to cover up much larger crimes.


City, state and national politicians are the real criminals here. Since at
least the mid-1800s, its been widely known the danger faced by flooding to New
Orleans. The flood of 1927, which, like this week's events, was more about
politics and racism than any kind of natural disaster, illustrated exactly the
danger faced. Yet government officials have consistently refused to spend the
money to protect this poor, overwhelmingly black, city.


While FEMA and others warned of the urgent impending danger to New Orleans
and put forward proposals for funding to reinforce and protect the city, the
Bush administration, in every year since 2001, has cut or refused to fund New
Orleans flood control, and ignored scientists warnings of increased hurricanes as
a result of global warming. And, as the dangers rose with the floodlines, the
lack of coordinated response dramatized vividly the callous disregard of our
elected leaders.


The aftermath from the 1927 flood helped shape the elections of both a US
President and a Governor, and ushered in the southern populist politics of Huey
Long.


In the coming months, billions of dollars will likely flood into New Orleans.
This money can either be spent to usher in a "New Deal" for the city, with
public investment, creation of stable union jobs, new schools, cultural programs
and housing restoration, or the city can be "rebuilt and revitalized" to a
shell of its former self, with newer hotels, more casinos, and with chain stores
and theme parks replacing the former neighborhoods, cultural centers and
corner jazz clubs.

Long before Katrina, New Orleans was hit by a hurricane of poverty, racism,
disinvestment, de-industrialization and corruption. Simply the damage from this
pre-Katrina hurricane will take billions to repair.


Now that the money is flowing in, and the world's eyes are focused on
Katrina, its vital that progressive-minded people take this opportunity to fight for
a rebuilding with justice. New Orleans is a special place, and we need to
fight for its rebirth.

-----------------------------------------------

Jordan Flaherty is an editor of Left Turn Magazine
([craigslist | Katrina 2005] (URL:

http://www.leftturn.org

=============================================

Weather Modification Research and Technology

HR 2995 IH

Sat Sep 3, 2005 15:32

Subject: (1) June 20, 2005 ---- House Bill ---- Weather Modification Research and Technology Transfer Authorization Act of 2005
Date: Sat, 3 Sep 2005 06:28:35 -0700
From: Les Lemke
To:
Please notice the DATE of this proposed bill. June 5, 2005

This means that the government or its agents are CURRENTLY involved in weather modification.

Source: House Bill
http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c109:H.R.2995.IH:

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Weather Modification Research and Technology Transfer Authorization Act of 2005 (Introduced in House)

HR 2995 IH

109th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2995

To establish the Weather Modification Operations and Research Board, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 20, 2005

Mr. UDALL of Colorado introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science

A BILL

To establish the Weather Modification Operations and Research Board, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the `WeatherModification Research and Technology Transfer Authorization Act of 2005'.

SEC. 2. PURPOSE.

It is the purpose of this Act to develop and implement a comprehensive and coordinated national weathermodification policy and a national cooperative Federal and State program of weathermodification research and development.

SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS.

In this Act:

(1) BOARD- The term `Board' means the WeatherModification Advisory and Research Board.

(2) EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR- The term `Executive Director' means the Executive Director of the WeatherModification Advisory and Research Board.

(3) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT- The term `research and development' means theoretical analysis, exploration, experimentation, and the extension of investigative findings and theories of scientific or technical nature into practical application for experimental and demonstration purposes, including the experimental production and testing of models, devices, equipment, materials, and processes.

(4) WEATHERMODIFICATION - The term `weathermodification' means changing or controlling, or attempting to change or control, by artificial methods the natural development of atmospheric cloud forms or precipitation forms which occur in the troposphere.

SEC. 4. WEATHER MODIFICATION ADVISORY AND RESEARCH BOARD ESTABLISHED.

(a) In General- There is established in the Department of Commerce the WeatherModification Advisory and Research Board.

(b) Membership-

(1) IN GENERAL- The Board shall consist of 11 members appointed by the Secretary of Commerce, of whom--

(A) at least 1 shall be a representative of the American Meteorological Society;

(B) at least 1 shall be a representative of the American Society of Civil Engineers;

(C) at least 1 shall be a representative of the National Academy of Sciences;

(D) at least 1 shall be a representative of the National Center for Atmospheric Research of the National Science Foundation;
 
(E) at least 2 shall be representatives of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the Department of Commerce;

(F) at least 1 shall be a representative of institutions of higher education or research institutes; and

(G) at least 1 shall be a representative of a State that is currently supporting operational weather modification projects.

(2) TENURE- A member of the Board serves at the pleasure of the Secretary of Commerce.

(3) VACANCIES- Any vacancy on the Board shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.

(b) Advisory Committees- The Board may establish advisory committees to advise the Board and to make recommendations to the Board concerning legislation, policies, administration, research, and other matters.

(c) Initial Meeting- Not later than 30 days after the date on which all members of the Board have been appointed, the Board shall hold its first meeting.

(d) Meetings- The Board shall meet at the call of the Chair.

(e) Quorum- A majority of the members of the Board shall constitute a quorum, but a lesser number of members may hold hearings.

(f) Chair and Vice Chair- The Board shall select a Chair and Vice Chair from among its members.

SEC. 5. DUTIES OF THE BOARD.

(a) Promotion of Research and Development- In order to assist in expanding the theoretical and practical knowledge of weather modification , the Board shall promote and fund research and development, studies, and investigations with respect to--

(1) improved forecast and decisionmaking technologies for weather modification operations, including tailored computer workstations and software and new observation systems with remote sensors; and

(2) assessments and evaluations of the efficacy of weathermodification , both purposeful (including cloud-seeding operations) and inadvertent (including downwind effects and anthropogenic effects).

(b) Financial Assistance- Unless the use of the money is restricted or subject to any limitations provided by law, the Board shall use amounts in the Weather Modification Research and Development Fund--

(1) to pay its expenses in the administration of this Act; and

(2) to provide for research and development with respect to weather modifications by grants to, or contracts or cooperative arrangements with, public or private agencies.

(c) Report- The Board shall submit to the Secretary of Commerce biennially a report on its findings and research results.

SEC. 6. POWERS OF THE BOARD.

(a) Studies, Investigations, and Hearings- The Board may make any studies or investigations, obtain any information, and hold any hearings necessary or proper to administer or enforce this Act or any rules or orders issued under this Act.

(b) Personnel- The Board may employ, as provided for in appropriations Acts, an Executive Director and other support staff necessary to perform duties and functions under this Act.

(c) Cooperation With Other Agencies- The Board may cooperate with public or private agencies to promote the purposes of this Act.

(d) Cooperative Agreements- The Board may enter into cooperative agreements with the head of any department or agency of the United States, an appropriate official of any State or political subdivision of a State, or an appropriate official of any private or public agency or organization for conducting weather modification activities or cloud-seeding operations.

(e) Conduct and Contracts for Research and Development- The Executive Director, with the approval of the Board, may conduct and may contract for research and development activities relating to the purpose described in section 2.

SEC. 7. COOPERATION WITH THE WEATHER MODIFICATION OPERATIONS AND RESEARCH BOARD.

The heads of the departments and agencies of the United States and the heads of any other public or private agencies and institutions that receive research funds from the United States shall, to the extent possible, give full support and cooperation to the Board and to initiate independent research and development programs that address weather modifications.

SEC. 8. FUNDING.

(a) In General- There is established within the Treasury of the United States the WeatherModification Research and Development Fund, which shall consist of amounts appropriated pursuant to subsection (b) or received by the Board under subsection (c).

(b) Authorization of Appropriations- There are authorized to be appropriated to the Board for the purposes of carrying out this Act $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2015. Any sums appropriated under this subsection shall remain available, without fiscal year limitation, until expended.

(c) Gifts- The Board may accept, use, and dispose of gifts or donations of services or property.
================
Weather Modification Research and Technology Transfer Authorization Act of 2005 (Introduced in Senate)

S 517 IS
===============================================
Halliburton Hired by Navy to Clean Up
Sat Sep 3, 2005 14:21
Is it also just a 'coincidence' that a NAVY Ship was the source of all the frequency JAMMING GOING ON in New Orleans?

CONSTRUCTION
Halliburton hired for storm cleanup
The Navy has hired Houston-based Halliburton Co. to restore electric power, repair roofs and remove debris at three naval facilities in Mississippi damaged by Hurricane Katrina.


Halliburton subsidiary KBR will also perform damage assessments at other naval installations in New Orleans as soon as it is safe to do so.

KBR was assigned the work under a "construction capabilities" contract awarded in 2004 after a competitive bidding process. The company is not involved in the Army Corps of Engineers' effort to repair New Orleans' levees.
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/04/politics/04halliburton.html

==================================================

"Let Them Eat Shit..."

People of the Dome

By MITCHEL COHEN

Les Evenchick, an independent Green who lives in the French Quarter of New Orleans in a 3-story walkup, reports that 90 percent of the so-called looters are simply grabbing water, food, diapers and medicines, because the federal and state officials have refused to provide these basic necessities.

Les says that "it's only because of the looters that non-looters -- old people, sick people, small children -- are able to survive."

Those people who stole televisions and large non-emergency items have been selling them, Les reports (having witnessed several of these "exchanges") so that they could get enough money together to leave the area.

Think about it:

- People were told to leave, but all the bus stations had closed down the night before and the personnel sent packing.

- Many people couldn't afford tickets anyway.

- Many people are stranded, and others are refusing to leave their homes, pets, etc. They don't have cars.

You want people to stop looting? Provide the means for them to eat, and to leave the area.

Some tourists in the Monteleone Hotel paid $25,000 for 10 buses. The buses were sent (I guess there were many buses available, if you paid the price!) but the military confiscated them to use not for transporting people in the Dome but for the military. The tourists were not allowed to leave. Instead, the military ordered the tourists to the now-infamous Convention Center.

How simple it would have been for the State and/or US government to have provided buses for people before the hurricane hit, and throughout this week. Even evacuating 100,000 people trapped there -- that's 3,000 buses, less than come into Washington D.C. for some of the giant antiwar demonstrations there. Even at $2,500 a pop -- highway robbery -- that would only be a total of $7.5 million for transporting all of those who did not have the means to leave.

Instead, look at the human and economic cost of not doing that!

So why didn't they do that?

On Wednesday a number of Greens tried to bring a large amount of water to the SuperDome. They were prevented from doing so, as have many others. Why have food and water been blocked from reaching tens of thousands of poor people?

On Thursday, the government used the excuse that there were some very scattered gunshots (two or three instances only) -- around 1/50th of the number of gunshots that occur in New York City on an average day -- to shut down voluntary rescue operations and to scrounge for 5,000 National Guard troops fully armed, with "shoot to kill" orders -- at a huge economic cost.

They even refused to allow voluntary workers who had rescued over 1,000 people in boats over the previous days to continue on Thursday, using the several gunshots (and who knows who shot off those rounds?) to say "It's too dangerous". The volunteers didn't think the gunshots were dangerous to them and wanted to continue their rescue operations and had to be "convinced" at gunpoint to "cease and desist."

There is something sinister going down -- it's not just incompetence or negligence.

How could FEMA and Homeland Security not have something so basic as bottled drinking water in the SuperDome, which was long a part of the hurricane plan? One police officer in charge of his 120-person unit said yesterday that his squad was provided with only 70 small bottles of water.

Two years ago, New Orleans residents -- the only area in the entire state that voted in huge numbers against the candidacy of George Bush -- also fought off attempts to privatize the drinking water supply. There have also been major battles to block Shell Oil's attempt to build a Liquid Natural Gas facility, and to preent the teardown of public housing (which failed), with the Mayor lining up in the latter two issues on the side of the oil companies and the developers.

One of the first acts of Governor Kathleen Blanco (a Democrat, by the way) during this crisis was to turn off the drinking water, to force people to evacuate. There was no health reason to turn it off, as the water is drawn into a separate system from the Mississippi River, not the polluted lake, and purified through self-powered purification plants separate from the main electric grid. If necessary, people could have been told to boil their water -- strangely, the municipal natural gas used in stoves was still functioning properly as of Thursday night!

There are thousands of New Orleans residents who are refusing to evacuate because they don't want to leave their pets, their homes, or who have no money to do so nor place to go. The government -- which could have and should have provided water and food to residents of New Orleans -- has not done so intentionally to force people to evacuate by starving them out. This is a crime of the gravest sort.

We need to understand that the capability has been there from the start to drive water and food right up to the convention center, as those roads have been clear -- it's how the National Guard drove into the city.

Let me say this again: The government is intentionally not allowing food or water in.

This is for real.

MSNBC interviewed dozens of people who had gotten out. Every single one of them was white.

The people who are poor (primarily Black but many poor Whites as well) are finally being allowed to leave the horrendous conditions in the SuperDome; many are being bussed to the AstroDome in Houston.

Call them "People of the Dome."

If people resist the National Guard coming to remove them against their will, will New Orleans become known as the first battle in the new American revolution?

Mitchel Cohen is co-editor of "G", the newspaper of the NY State Greens. He can be reached at: mitchelcohen@mindspring.com

===============================================

Kerry Sanders / NBC News
Horrible scenes at New Orleans airport
Sun Sep 4, 2005 00:47
 
Horrible scenes at New Orleans airport
In triage center, baggage conveyor used for grim task of moving bodies
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/9175928

By Kerry Sanders Correspondent NBC News
Updated: 3:26 p.m. ET Sept. 2, 2005

NEW ORLEANS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT - I cannot believe what I am seeing here in the New Orleans area. I’ve been reporting for 21 years around the world and I've never seen the likes of this.

I landed here at the New Orleans International Airport in a helicopter on Thursday to get fuel in order to continue an aerial tour of the devastated area.

There was a Blackhawk helicopter just beginning to crank up on the tarmac. I ran over and asked if the NBC team could go along, figuring that they were going on a medical run. They said that they had room for one more. So, I jumped on board with a home video camera.

About six minutes later we were circling a parking garage at Tulane Hospital. We finally touched down and picked up the last 19 hospital employees being evacuated. Many of them had their families as they scrambled into the helicopter and we lifted off in the darkness.

There was a sense of excitement among the family members as we were leaving. But, personally, for some strange reason, it reminded me of that picture of the last helicopter fleeing Saigon at the end of the Vietnam War.

These people were excited to get out, but weren’t even thinking about what they were leaving behind — their jobs, their community and their city.

Baggage conveyor being put to grim task
The airport, meantime, has been converted into a triage center. There are so many bodies that medical staff are using the baggage conveyor to carry the stretchers.

There are just so many patients and so few people to help. I would estimate that there are at least 1,000 patients who have been brought in here.

The patients range from babies who are 2 months old to a 91-year-old man. There is no discrimination. If you were a patient at a hospital or you were injured by the hurricane in New Orleans, you could be in this crowd.

People are coming in here with all sorts of conditions — from those who were on chemotherapy for cancer to those with heart failure.

Then there are those who were injured by the hurricane and its aftermath. I spoke to a man who was beaten up at the Superdome. His jaw was broken and he had a friend with him who had a concussion and was basically unconscious.

The man with the broken jaw said that he had another friend who was beaten to death at the Superdome. He said that they had no choice but to leave his body there.

One woman was just put down on the tarmac and left. She was there on the tarmac and clearly had no idea where she was.

I ran over and grabbed her hand and whispered in her ear, “You are OK. You are with people who will help you.” She reached up and kissed me which made me just shudder inside. She was just so frightened, as are so many of these people who are brought in here. They don’t know where they are and are just confused.

Patients are being flown out from here to Houston, Nashville, and Atlanta and then transferred from there to local hospitals.

But, not all of these patients have been identified. People are coming in and many don’t have hospital tags. Others are arriving with recent injuries dazed, unconscious, and not even knowing their own names, but they are being shipped off on planes to other hospitals. Family members may not know what happened to their loved ones. They are being distributed across the country and people don’t even know who they are.

PART II:
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/9175928/page/2/

Rude awakening
Perhaps the most difficult thing for me was when I woke up this morning next to two dead bodies.

I spent Thursday night in the triage center and went to sleep last night on an extra stretcher. When I woke up this morning, there were two body bags beside my stretcher.

The cameraman with me said they actually tried to take my stretcher during the night. They thought that I was one of the victims, until he told them I was OK and to leave me there.

The stench of death reeks inside portions of the airport here. Other parts of the airport just smell as any hospital would if there was no way to clean up. It is human misery as people are lying in pain, ailing and wailing.

The pained screams from patients is like fingers on a chalkboard because there is nothing you can do to reach out and help these people. They have limited medical supplies. They do have aircraft coming in. The C-17s, Storm-30s are moving people out of here as fast as they can.

But, as they take them out, there are still more medical choppers arriving with more patients that are coming in from hospitals that are flooded in downtown New Orleans.

Gut-wrenching
This is, I think, the hardest story I’ve ever covered. Emotionally, I’m just really being tested. I cannot believe what I’m seeing.

A reporter is supposed to remain detached and just report what’s going on. But, when there is a man lying on the ground, and he’s yelling out to anyone walking by, “Help me! I need some water! Help me!” and there is no one to help this man.

There is no one to reach down, give him some water, or hold his head, and tell him to breath slowly.

It is unimaginable. It is absolutely gut-wrenching. It’s horrible.
NBC News correspondent Kerry Sanders spent the night at the The New Orleans International Airport, now a make-shift triage center. He filed this report by satellite phone.

=============================================

George W. Bush abandons Americans
09/02/2005 15:55
Shocking delay in aid contrasts with 200 billion wasted in Iraq

President George W. Bush pays back the good Christian Americans who elected him despite his illegal act of slaughter in Iraq by sitting in his Texas ranch for two days after the most horrific suffering was visited on the area around New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina.

After two hundred billion dollars were spent in destabilising Iraq,
slaughtering up to one hundred thousand innocent civilians, blasting the
legs and arms off defenceless children and leaving the country and region in utter chaos, the best he can do is a brief flyover of the region and a belated visit, hurriedly put together only because of the protests.

And the protests are many, and venomous and rightly so. How is it possible that in a country which is always blowing its horn about how advanced it is, that people are starving to death? Is this Somalia? No, it is George Bush's United States of America.

How is it possible that young children are dying of thirst. Is this Mali? No, it is George Bush's United States of America.
How is it possible that people are having to scavenge for food. Is this
Burkina Faso? No, it is George Bush's United States of America.

So, this is how President George Bush treats the people who put their trust in him. After siphoning off 200 billion USD of their hard-earned cash to finance his illegal act of butchery overseas, he turns his back on them, leaves them to wallow in the sewage, to lie rotting in the streets and to starve to death.

Welcome to George Bush's United States of America. It appears the man is as inept at governing his own country as he is at conducting foreign policy. George W. Bush will go down in the annals of history as the worst president this country has ever had and the worst leader the international community is unfortunate enough to have been forced to rub shoulders with.
Timothy Bancroft-Hinchey

Pravda.Ru

=========================================================

Dr. Sean Kenniff
Health Risks Rampant After Katrina
Sun Sep 4, 2005 13:00
 

Health Risks Rampant After Katrina

Last Updated ( Sunday, 04 September 2005 )

http://web.archive.org/web/20051001023932/http://pinoynurse.org/

CBS) As they rushed medical equipment and experts to the Gulf Coast, federal officials warned on Friday that the public health consequences of Hurricane Katrina were likely to be enormous and long term.

Officials said they were particularly worried about outbreaks of disease spread through sewage contamination of drinking water, spoiled food, insects and bites from snakes and other animals.

Scores of people have already died by drowning or other causes, two by carbon monoxide poisoning from the use of gas-powered generators in poorly ventilated areas. An additional nine people are being treated for carbon monoxide poisoning, federal health officials said at a news conference in Atlanta, home of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Rescue workers searched for the injured and disabled in an effort to prevent additional fatalities and, trying to head off outbreaks of diarrhea, used helicopters to deliver food and safe drinking water.

At a news conference in Atlanta, Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff said "we're racing the clock" to find stranded people, digging trapped victims out of collapsed concrete and metal, and providing food and water.

In New Orleans, Tulane University Hospital & Clinic, which was surrounded by about four feet of water, lost both of its backup generators to the flooding and began evacuating all its 200 patients, 30 requiring critical care.

HCA, which manages the hospital, hired 20 helicopters to land in succession on its helipad atop a parking garage and ferry the patients to Women's and Children's Hospital in Lafayette, La., and elsewhere. In addition to the patients, more than 800 others were stranded at the Tulane hospital and also required evacuation — members of the staff as well as their families, families of patients and people who had simply sought shelter there.

The hospital had only portable generators remaining, which provided just enough power to run a small amount of equipment. Among the tasks was to light the helipad in the darkness last night. Because elevators were inoperable, members of the staff were carrying patients up the stairs.

Karen Troyer-Caraway, a vice president of the hospital, said by telephone at 8:20 p.m., New Orleans time, that "we are in absolute, complete darkness," with only flashlights to guide those still there.

Michael O. Leavitt, secretary of Health and Human Services, said his department was working to open up 1,000 hospital beds on an emergency basis in the Gulf Coast region.

The disease control centers has sent basic supplies such as first-aid and suture kits, sterile gloves, bandages, blankets and portable oxygen tanks from the national stockpile.

In addition, the Public Health Service has deployed 38 doctors and nurses and has an additional 217 on stand-by.

Experts warned that a major challenge would be to coordinate efforts by government and private organizations and the many health care workers who might voluntarily go to the region.

But all the energy being expended in the initial phase of flood relief is likely to be dwarfed by what lies ahead.

"This is going to be a long-term event," said Dr. Thomas H. Sinks Jr., an epidemiologist at the CDC.

The affected area is "a couple of hundred miles wide, four to five times the geographic extent of Hurricane Andrew in 1992," Sinks said.

Wherever rescue efforts take place, there will be concerns about injuries from falls, broken glass, downed wires and other hazards, said Dr. William Schaffner, chairman of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University.

Other worries will focus on bites from poisonous snakes like the cottonmouth, an excellent swimmer. Alligators could also be a menace, as could raccoons, which are capable of spreading rabies and leptospirosis, a bacterial disease that can lead to meningitis, kidney damage and liver failure.

Health workers will also have to deal with the long-term mental health problems that develop among the hurricane's survivors.

Dr. Irwin Redlener, who directs the National Center for Disaster Preparedness at the Columbia School of Public Health, said yet another concern was that people might have lost or become separated from the drugs they rely on daily for diabetes, heart disease and other chronic ailments. Pharmacies in the affected areas may have insufficient stocks of vital drugs like insulin for diabetics, a circumstance creating a need to import and distribute essential medicines in the area. The shortage could go on for months, Dr. Redlener said.

The poorest areas are expected to be hit hardest. Experience has shown, Redlener said, that "the more underserved and more economically fragile a community is pre-disaster, the more we expect to see severe consequences after a disaster."
We've all seen the horrible pictures of the devastation — towns completely under water with no public services to speak of. And as the flood waters start to recede, people are going to be very tempted to go back to what's left of their homes to start cleaning up and retrieving the personal effects that may have been spared.

Dr. Sean Kenniff, of our CBS station in Miami, advises that this is really only something that should be done with the OK from local officials. If you try to go at it alone, you risk not only serious injury and disease but death because many of these structures are no longer sound.

Kenniff offers advice on how to clean up safely after a natural disaster.

Reentering Buildings Safely:

# If you do decide to return home, you should never go at night. You want to be able to see everything in front of you. There will very likely be broken glass and sharp objects on the floor that could injure you.
# Before going inside, make sure all the power is off. You don't want to get electrocuted.
# If you hear any shifting sounds, get out immediately. Many of these homes are badly damaged and could easily collapse.
# If you smell gas, get out right away.
# Don't bring children or pets.



There are many other health concerns to be aware of:

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning:

Even if you are allowed back into your home, there is a good chance you still won't have any electricity. If you have a generator or charcoal burning devices, be sure you never use them inside because you put yourself at risk for carbon monoxide poisoning.

Carbon monoxide is an odorless and colorless gas that can make you sick or even kill you. Symptoms include headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness and fatigue. So if you are in your home and begin to feel any of these symptoms, get out.

West Nile Virus:
 

It's very hot in the Gulf region and it's an area where there are lots of
mosquitoes which can carry West Nile Virus. With West Nile Virus, there aren't always symptoms. Some people, however, do get fevers, headaches, bloating or skin rash. So, if you find yourself outside, be sure to wear insect repellent that contains DEET.

The hospitals in the hurricane region are swamped as it is and really can't take on any more people, so it's up to you to protect yourself.

Cholera:

Cholera is a disease that's associated with the Third World, but people in the hurricane zone may be at risk. Cholera is a very serious diarrheal illness that is caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

A person can get cholera from drinking water or eating food that contains the bacteria. The infection is often times mild or without symptoms, but sometimes it can be severe. It can spread rapidly in areas with inadequate treatment of sewage and drinking water  which is the case in the hurricane zone.

Typhoid:

Just like cholera, typhoid is not a disease we associate with the United States. It is a bacterial infection and major symptoms may include unusually high fever, headache, loss of appetite, fatigue, abdominal pain and diarrhea.

The main way you get typhoid is if you eat food or drink beverages that have been handled by a person who is shedding S. Typhi or if sewage contaminated with S. Typhi bacteria gets into the water used for drinking or washing food.


Hurricane Katrina Relief
Your support is critical. Help rush relief supplies to Katrina victims!
http://www.feedthechildren.org

You can help the animals
left behind by hurricane Katrina. Donate thru IFAW today!
http://www.ifaw.org


Buy Sandbags Now
All Sandbags Are In Stock Overnight Shipping Available
http://www.911sandbags.com/

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/hurricanes/index.asp
=======================================================

CHERTOFF
Sun Sep 4, 2005 13:45

CHERTOFF

Chertoff Claims Major Hurricane Scenario for Gulf Coast/New Orleans did not exist...
http://www.cnn.com/2005/US/09/03/katrina.chertoff/index.html

=================
GOVERNMENT INCOMPETENCE
Karen Armes, FEMA's Acting Regional Director, Region IX (includes California) gives usual government spin when interviewed by KFI's talk show hosts, Ken and John.
Listen
http://www.lawatchdog.com/a1time4.html

=====================

Hurricanes
Health & Safety
URGENT NEED: PHYSICIANS TO HELP HURRICANE KATRINA VICTIMS
http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/hurricanes/index.asp

Weather Experts Warned not once, but TWICE that likelihood of unprecedented storm activity was 95-100%. Second warning came August 2, which stressed that there was only a 0-5% chance that there would NOT be intense, landfalling storms.

As recently as last spring during a disaster planning session for New Orleans, FEMA and Homeland Security officials actually ridiculed a local planner's suggestion that planning should include tent cities for survivors.

Here is the Aug 2 SECOND WARNING from NOAA that foretold intense hurricanes driven by unusually hot waters in Gulf and Atlantic and other factors. It was, like most warnings from scientists, ignored.


SUMMARY

NOAA is calling for a 95% to 100% chance of an above-normal 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, according to a consensus of scientists at National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Climate Prediction Center (CPC), Hurricane Research Division (HRD), and National Hurricane Center (NHC). This forecast reflects NOAA’s highest confidence of an above-normal hurricane season since their outlooks began in August 1998.

The updated outlook calls for an extremely active season, with an expected seasonal total of 18-21 tropical storms (mean is 10), with 9-11 becoming hurricanes (mean is 6), and 5-7 of these becoming major hurricanes (mean is 2-3). The likely range of the ACE index for the season as a whole is 180%-270% of the median.

The predicted seasonal totals include the considerable activity that has already occurred prior to this update (7 tropical storms and 2 major hurricanes). Therefore, for the remainder of the season, we expect an additional 11-14 tropical storms, with 7-9 becoming hurricanes, and 3-5 of these becoming major hurricanes. The expected ACE range during August-November is 110%-200% of the median. These very high levels of activity are comparable to those seen during August-November 2003 and 2004. Given the forecast that the remainder of the season will be very active, it is imperative that residents and government officials in hurricane-vulnerable communities have a hurricane preparedness plan in place.

The predicted nearly 100% chance of an above-normal season is higher than the 70% likelihood indicated in NOAA’s pre-season outlook issued May 16th. This increased certainty reflects the fact that the atmospheric and oceanic conditions favoring hurricane formation that were predicted in May are now in place. These conditions, combined with the high levels of activity already seen, make an above-normal season nearly certain.

DISCUSSION

1. Expected Activity- 95%-100% chance of above normal

The atmospheric and oceanic conditions favoring hurricane formation that were predicted in May are now in place. These conditions, combined with the high levels of activity already seen, make an above-normal season nearly certain (95% to 100%). There is only a 0%-5% chance of a near-normal season, and a 0% chance of a below-normal season. (see Background Information for NOAA’s definitions of above-, near-, and below-normal seasons)

An important measure of the total seasonal activity is NOAA’s Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) index, which accounts for the collective intensity and duration of Atlantic tropical storms and hurricanes during a given hurricane season. The ACE index is also used to define above-, near-, and below-normal hurricane seasons. A value of 117% of the median (Median value is 87.5) corresponds to the lower boundary for an above-normal season.

For the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season the outlook calls for an extremely active season, with the seasonal ACE index forecasted to range from 180%-270% of the median. This range is above the 175% baseline that Goldenberg et al. (Science, 2001) use to define a hyperactive season. The outlook also calls for a seasonal total of 18-21 tropical storms, with 9-11 becoming hurricanes, and 5-7 of these becoming major hurricanes [categories 3-4-5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale]. Because the ACE index does not directly account for the numbers of tropical storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes, the predicted ACE range can verify even if these numbers fall outside their predicted ranges.

This forecast reflects NOAA’s highest confidence of an above-normal hurricane season since their outlooks began in August 1998. This prediction also reflects a continuation of above-normal activity that began in 1995, and will likely be the seventh extremely active season since 1995.

Even though there has already been considerable early season activity (7 tropical storms, with two becoming major hurricanes), most of the activity is still expected to occur during the climatological peak months of August-October. Many of the storms during this period will develop from disturbances moving westward from the west coast of Africa, and will likely form over the tropical Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea in the region between 9°N-21.5°N (black box). Historically, tropical storms that first form in these areas account for 55% of all hurricanes and 80% of all major hurricanes. They also account for nearly the entire difference in hurricanes and major hurricanes between above-normal and below-normal hurricane seasons.

Tropical storms that form over the tropical Atlantic Ocean generally track westward toward the Caribbean Islands and/or United States as they strengthen into hurricanes, and therefore pose an increased threat to these regions. Historically, seasons with above-normal levels of overall activity have averaged 2-3 U.S. hurricane landfalls and 1-2 landfalls in the region around the Caribbean Sea during August-November.

Although the conditions that produce hurricane landfalls are well known, they are often related to the daily weather patterns rather than the seasonal climate patterns, and are very difficult to predict at these extended ranges. As a result, it is currently not possible to confidently predict the number or intensity of landfalling hurricanes at these extended ranges, or whether a given locality will be impacted by a hurricane this season. Nonetheless, given the forecast of above-normal activity for the remainder of the season, it is imperative that residents and government officials in hurricane-vulnerable communities have a hurricane preparedness plan in place.

2. Expected Climate Conditions – Active multi-decadal signal, above-average Atlantic Ocean temperatures, exceptionally favorable wind and air pressure patterns

Beginning with 1995 all of the Atlantic hurricane seasons have been above normal, with the exception of two El Niño years (1997 and 2002). This contrasts sharply with the generally below-normal activity observed during the previous 25-year period 1970-1994 (Goldenberg et al. 2001, Science). Time series of key atmospheric wind parameters and Atlantic SSTs highlight the dramatic differences between these above-normal and below-normal periods. Conditions were also very conducive for above-normal hurricane seasons during the 1950s and 1960s, as seen by comparing Atlantic SSTs and seasonal ACE values.

The regional atmospheric circulation features and oceanic conditions causing these very long-period fluctuations in hurricane activity are linked to the tropics-wide multi-decadal signal (Bell and Chelliah 2005, Journal of Climate). This multi-decadal signal has been very conducive to above-normal hurricane seasons since 1995, and is the main contributing factor to the above-normal 2005 activity.

The favorable conditions predicted by NOAA in their outlook issued May 16th are now in place. These conditions are expected to persist through the peak August-October months of the season. They include 1) lower surface air pressure and exceptionally warm SSTs across the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean Sea, 2) an amplified subtropical ridge at upper levels across the central and eastern North Atlantic, 3) reduced vertical wind shear over the tropical North Atlantic and Caribbean Sea, which results from an expanded area of easterly winds in the upper atmosphere and weaker easterly trade winds in the lower atmosphere, and 4) a configuration of the African easterly jet (wavy light blue arrow) that favors hurricane development from tropical disturbances moving westward from the African coast.

Of particular relevance to this outlook is that two July tropical systems, Major Hurricanes Dennis and Emily, formed over the eastern Caribbean Sea and over the central tropical Atlantic (near 10°N), respectively. It is rare for hurricanes to develop in these regions during July because the wind patterns are normally so unfavorable. The formation of Major Hurricanes Dennis and Emily in these regions is another indication that favorable conditions are already in place for a very active season.

Another factor known to significantly impact Atlantic hurricane seasons is ENSO (Gray 1984, Monthly Weather Review), with El Niño events favoring fewer hurricanes and La Niña events favoring more hurricanes. Based on the most recent ENSO outlook issued by NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, ENSO-neutral conditions are expected in the tropical Pacific through October. Therefore, the ENSO phenomenon is not expected to impact this hurricane season.

3. Multi-decadal fluctuations in Atlantic hurricane activity

Historically, Atlantic hurricane activity has exhibited very strong multi-decadal variability, with alternating periods lasting several decades of generally above-normal or below-normal activity. These multi-decadal fluctuations in hurricane activity result nearly entirely from differences in the number of hurricanes and major hurricanes forming from tropical storms first named in the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean Sea.

Hurricane seasons during 1995-2004 have averaged 13.6 tropical storms, 7.8 hurricanes, 3.8 major hurricanes, and with an average ACE index of 159% of the median. NOAA classifies all but two of these ten seasons (El Niño years of 1997 and 2002) as above normal, and six of these years as hyperactive. If the 2005 season verifies as predicted, it will be the seventh hyperactive season in the last 11 years. In contrast, during the preceding 1970-1994 period, hurricane seasons averaged 9 tropical storms, 5 hurricanes, and 1.5 major hurricanes, with an average ACE index of only 75% of the median. NOAA classifies twelve (almost one-half) of these 25 seasons as being below normal, only three as being above normal (1980, 1988, 1988), and none as being hyperactive.

4. Uncertainties in the Outlook

The main uncertainty in this outlook is the number of landfalling tropical storms and hurricanes in the United States and the region around the Caribbean Sea. Although the conditions that produce hurricane landfalls are well known, they are very difficult to predict at these extended ranges because they are often related to the daily weather patterns rather than the seasonal climate patterns. It is currently not possible to confidently predict the number or intensity of landfalling hurricanes at these extended ranges, or whether a given locality will be impacted by a hurricane this season. Historically, seasons with above-normal levels of overall activity have averaged 2-3 U.S. hurricane landfalls and 1-2 landfalls in the region around the Caribbean Sea during August-November. Given the forecast of above-normal activity for the remainder of the season, it is imperative that residents and government officials in hurricane-vulnerable communities have a hurricane preparedness plan in place.

FORECASTERS
 

NOAA's Climate Prediction Center
Dr. Gerald Bell, Meteorologist; Gerry.Bell@noaa.gov
Dr. Muthuvel Chelliah, Physical Scientist; Muthuvel.Chelliah@noaa.gov
Dr. Kingste Mo, Meteorologist; Kingste.Mo@noaa.gov

NOAA's Hurricane Research Division
Stanley Goldenberg, Meteorologist; Stanley.Goldenberg@noaa.gov
Dr. Christopher Landsea, Meteorologist; Chris.Landsea@noaa.gov

NOAA's National Hurricane Center
Eric Blake, Meteorologist; Eric.S.Blake@noaa.gov
Dr. Richard Pasch, Meteorologist; Richard.J.Pasch@noaa.go

======================================================

Killed by Contempt
By PAUL KRUGMAN
Published: September 5, 2005
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/05/opinion/05krugman.html


Each day since Katrina brings more evidence of the lethal ineptitude of
federal officials. I'm not letting state and local officials off the
hook, but federal officials had access to resources that could have made
all the difference, but were never mobilized.

Here's one of many examples: The Chicago Tribune reports that the U.S.S.
Bataan, equipped with six operating rooms, hundreds of hospital beds and
the ability to produce 100,000 gallons of fresh water a day, has been
sitting off the Gulf Coast since last Monday - without patients.


Experts say that the first 72 hours after a natural disaster are the
crucial window during which prompt action can save many lives. Yet
action after Katrina was anything but prompt. Newsweek reports that a
"strange paralysis" set in among Bush administration officials, who
debated lines of authority while thousands died.

What caused that paralysis? President Bush certainly failed his test.
After 9/11, all the country really needed from him was a speech. This
time it needed action - and he didn't deliver.

But the federal government's lethal ineptitude wasn't just a consequence
of Mr. Bush's personal inadequacy; it was a consequence of ideological
hostility to the very idea of using government to serve the public good.
For 25 years the right has been denigrating the public sector, telling
us that government is always the problem, not the solution. Why should
we be surprised that when we needed a government solution, it wasn't
forthcoming?

Does anyone remember the fight over federalizing airport security? Even
after 9/11, the administration and conservative members of Congress
tried to keep airport security in the hands of private companies. They
were more worried about adding federal employees than about closing a
deadly hole in national security.

Of course, the attempt to keep airport security private wasn't just
about philosophy; it was also an attempt to protect private interests.
But that's not really a contradiction. Ideological cynicism about
government easily morphs into a readiness to treat government spending
as a way to reward your friends. After all, if you don't believe
government can do any good, why not?

Which brings us to the Federal Emergency Management Agency. In my last
column, I asked whether the Bush administration had destroyed FEMA's
effectiveness. Now we know the answer.

Several recent news analyses on FEMA's sorry state have attributed the
agency's decline to its inclusion in the Department of Homeland
Security, whose prime concern is terrorism, not natural disasters. But
that supposed change in focus misses a crucial part of the story.

For one thing, the undermining of FEMA began as soon as President Bush
took office. Instead of choosing a professional with expertise in
responses to disaster to head the agency, Mr. Bush appointed Joseph
Allbaugh, a close political confidant. Mr. Allbaugh quickly began trying
to scale back some of FEMA's preparedness programs.

You might have expected the administration to reconsider its hostility
to emergency preparedness after 9/11 - after all, emergency management
is as important in the aftermath of a terrorist attack as it is
following a natural disaster. As many people have noticed, the failed
response to Katrina shows that we are less ready to cope with a
terrorist attack today than we were four years ago.

But the downgrading of FEMA continued, with the appointment of Michael
Brown as Mr. Allbaugh's successor.

Mr. Brown had no obvious qualifications, other than having been Mr.
Allbaugh's college roommate. But Mr. Brown was made deputy director of
FEMA; The Boston Herald reports that he was forced out of his previous
job, overseeing horse shows. And when Mr. Allbaugh left, Mr. Brown
became the agency's director. The raw cronyism of that appointment
showed the contempt the administration felt for the agency; one can only
imagine the effects on staff morale.

That contempt, as I've said, reflects a general hostility to the role of
government as a force for good. And Americans living along the Gulf
Coast have now reaped the consequences of that hostility.

The administration has always tried to treat 9/11 purely as a lesson
about good versus evil. But disasters must be coped with, even if they
aren't caused by evildoers. Now we have another deadly lesson in why we
need an effective government, and why dedicated public servants deserve
our respect. Will we listen?

E-mail: krugman@nytimes.com

========================================

This patch of land is all that's left of a neighborhood in Waveland.

CNN has a story here. http://www.cnn.com/2005/WEATHER/09/01/obliterated.town.ap/index.html

About a mile inland, we caught up with Jake Erwin at what was left of a Kmart.

The former local mayor was handing out water and supplies in a parking lot full of cars. Some neatly parked, others flipped or stacked on one another. He pointed out the ones that where they found bodies.

Then he pulled out a pair of rubber boots caked in mud. They’re his “inside the house” shoes. His first floor, which sits 18 feet off the ground, is covered in three inches of mud.

---------------------------------------------------------------

Town nearly wiped off the map

Survivors in Waveland, Mississippi, have almost nothing left

 

Friday, September 2, 2005; Posted: 4:20 p.m. EDT (20:20 GMT)

 

story.wotwn.ap.jpg
This patch of land is all that's left of a neighborhood in Waveland.

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SPECIAL REPORT

YOUR E-MAIL ALERTS

Mississippi
 

WAVELAND, Mississippi (AP) -- Hurricane Katrina seemed to take a particular vengeance out on Waveland, Mississippi.

The storm virtually took out Waveland, prompting state officials to say it took a harder hit from the wind and water than any other town along the coast.

Rescue workers there Wednesday found shell-shocked survivors scavenging what they could from homes and businesses that were completely washed away.

The air smelled of natural gas, lumber and rotting flesh. (See the video of corpse recovery efforts in Mississippi -- 3:28)

"Total devastation. There's nothing left," said Brian Mollere, a resident who was left cut and bruised. Katrina tore his clothes off and he had to dig in the debris for shorts and a T-shirt.

Katrina dragged away nearly every home and business within a half mile of the beach, leaving driveways and walkways to nowhere.

The water scattered random reminders of what had been normal, quiet lives: family photos, Barbie dolls, jazz records, whiskey bottles.

Fourteen members of Waveland's police department survived the storm by hanging on desperately to a spindly bush. (Full story)

The town of 7,000 about 35 miles east of New Orleans has been partially cut off because the U.S. 90 bridge over the Bay of St. Louis was destroyed.

There is no power, no phones, no way out -- and nowhere to go. (See the video report of National Guard relief efforts in Mississippi -- 1:18)

State officials would not confirm a death toll in the town, but Mayor Tommy Longo estimated that at least 50 residents died, The Clarion-Ledger in Jackson reported.

City Hall is gone, with nothing but a knee-high mural of a beach scene still standing.

Mollere had set up camp on the wreckage where his family's two-story home and jewelry store once stood. A couple of chairs and a sheet of plastic protected him and his dog from the sun and spits of rain.

Mollere doesn't usually smoke, but he sucked on a Kool menthol and collected bottles of whiskey and Barq's root beer that had washed up nearby.

He recalled swimming out of the store with the dog as the water rose and finding shelter in a house that survived. "If it had been night, I would have drowned," he said.

His 80-year-old mother did drown in the storm. She had evacuated with some family to a grocery store in neighboring Bay St. Louis.

As her family members swam away to escape the storm, his mother, who used an oxygen tank, stayed behind.

Mollere's father was a local folk hero for being one of the few people to stay behind in Waveland during Hurricane Camille in 1969. The elder Mollere swam along and grabbed onto a white horse, and both were saved.

On Wednesday, Jim Clack held the hand of his elderly mother, Mercedes Clack, and led her through the rubble of her Waveland home.

"You might fall, Mama," he said gently.

Mercedes Clack, blocking the glare with wraparound sunglasses, said of her splintered home: "Oh, that was a beautiful house. Remember it?"

She brightened when she found an antique radio and a few of her jazz records. "Do you think they can be salvaged?" she asked her son.

Other sweaty, mud-caked survivors camped out in shopping center parking lots in Waveland and Bay St. Louis, some using tents or mattresses they had been taken from stores.

People lined up to get ice and bottled water distributed by emergency workers.

Frank Lombardo said he and his fiancee, Bridgette Favre, tried to weather the storm in their apartment, but moved to a high school in Bay St. Louis when the wind and rain grew too strong.

He said he broke into the gym's football supply room to find cloth bandages to wrap some elderly people's wounds.

Marcel and Shannon Whavers and their 2-year-old daughter, Ayanna, stood Wednesday at the end of the devastated bridge that connected Bay St. Louis and Pass Christian. They said they felt cut off from the world.

"We're in trouble for a long time," said Shannon Whavers, 29.

"What are you going to do?" said her 30-year-old husband. "We saw a guy just lying in the highway, not knowing where to go."

http://web.archive.org/web/20050912220215/http://www.cnn.com/2005/WEATHER/09/01/obliterated.town.ap/index.html

==================================================

We're not really at a tipping point as much as a bursting point.
People are mad as hell, unwilling to take it anymore.

==================================================

DAVID BROOKS, NY TIMES

The Bursting Point

By DAVID BROOKS
Published: September 4, 2005

As Ross Douthat observed on his blog, The American Scene, Katrina was the anti-9/11.

On Sept. 11, Rudy Giuliani took control. The government response was quick and decisive. The rich and poor suffered alike. Americans had been hit, but felt united and strong. Public confidence in institutions surged.

Last week in New Orleans, by contrast, nobody took control. Authority was diffuse and action was ineffective. The rich escaped while the poor were abandoned. Leaders spun while looters rampaged. Partisans squabbled while the nation was ashamed.

The first rule of the social fabric - that in times of crisis you protect the vulnerable - was trampled. Leaving the poor in New Orleans was the moral equivalent of leaving the injured on the battlefield. No wonder confidence in civic institutions is plummeting.

And the key fact to understanding why this is such a huge cultural moment is this: Last week's national humiliation comes at the end of a string of confidence-shaking institutional failures that have cumulatively changed the nation's psyche.

Over the past few years, we have seen intelligence failures in the inability to prevent Sept. 11 and find W.M.D.'s in Iraq. We have seen incompetent postwar planning. We have seen the collapse of Enron and corruption scandals on Wall Street. We have seen scandals at our leading magazines and newspapers, steroids in baseball, the horror of Abu Ghraib.

Public confidence has been shaken too by the steady rain of suicide bombings, the grisly horror of Beslan and the world's inability to do anything about rising oil prices.

Each institutional failure and sign of helplessness is another blow to national morale. The sour mood builds on itself, the outraged and defensive reaction to one event serving as the emotional groundwork for the next.

The scrapbook of history accords but a few pages to each decade, and it is already clear that the pages devoted to this one will be grisly. There will be pictures of bodies falling from the twin towers, beheaded kidnapping victims in Iraq and corpses still floating in the waterways of New Orleans five days after the disaster that caused them.

It's already clear this will be known as the grueling decade, the Hobbesian decade. Americans have had to acknowledge dark realities that it is not in our nature to readily acknowledge: the thin veneer of civilization, the elemental violence in human nature, the lurking ferocity of the environment, the limitations on what we can plan and know, the cumbersome reactions of bureaucracies, the uncertain progress good makes over evil.

As a result, it is beginning to feel a bit like the 1970's, another decade in which people lost faith in their institutions and lost a sense of confidence about the future.

"Rats on the West Side, bedbugs uptown/What a mess! This town's in tatters/I've been shattered," Mick Jagger sang in 1978.

Midge Decter woke up the morning after the night of looting during the New York blackout of 1977 feeling as if she had "been given a sudden glimpse into the foundations of one's house and seen, with horror, that it was utterly infested and rotting away."

Americans in 2005 are not quite in that bad a shape, since the fundamental realities of everyday life are good. The economy and the moral culture are strong. But there is a loss of confidence in institutions. In case after case there has been a failure of administration, of sheer competence. Hence, polls show a widespread feeling the country is headed in the wrong direction.

Katrina means that the political culture, already sour and bloody-minded in many quarters, will shift. There will be a reaction. There will be more impatience for something new. There is going to be some sort of big bang as people respond to the cumulative blows of bad events and try to fundamentally change the way things are.

Reaganite conservatism was the response to the pessimism and feebleness of the 1970's. Maybe this time there will be a progressive resurgence. Maybe we are entering an age of hardheaded law and order. (Rudy Giuliani, an unlikely G.O.P. nominee a few months ago, could now win in a walk.) Maybe there will be call for McCainist patriotism and nonpartisan independence. All we can be sure of is that the political culture is about to undergo some big change.

We're not really at a tipping point as much as a bursting point. People are mad as hell, unwilling to take it anymore.

E-mail: dabrooks@nytimes.com
 

==================================================

Beware Of Mold: Moisture Can Cause Serious Problems
Sep 3, 2005, 08:17 PM
http://www.14wfie.com/Global/story.asp?S=3804450&nav=3w6re7hY site down

Web Producer: Jason Bailey

Thousands of homes were destroyed by Hurricane Katrina, and those that were damaged will need major repairs and cleanup with special attention to preventing mold.

But it doesn't take a water soaked home to bring out the mold spores.

Families faced with flooding should be aware that water and moisture can create a health hazard, mold. Ear, nose and throat specialist Dr Frank Astor explains what inhaling or touching spores can do.

Frank Astor, M.D., is an ear, nose and throat specialist.

He says, "You may have difficulty swallowing, infections of the pharynx, in the lungs, you may have symptoms of wheezing such as asthma, shortness of breath, or you can also have coughing. In the eyes, you may have redness and skin may become red or blistery."

While toxic mold has gotten a lot of attention, common mold spores can be very irritating to those who are sensitive.

"People who have asthma, people who have allergies are susceptible. People who have respiratory diseases either in the sinuses or the lungs," says Dr. Astor.

The Centers for Disease Control says controlling moisture is the key to keeping mold under control.

Drying out flooded areas might require a pump or a wet/dry vacuum cleaner. Open windows and doors and use dehumidifiers that blow out, not in.

When cleaning up, an 'N-95' respirator is recommended so you don't breathe in spores. Also wear gloves and goggles.

The Environmental Protection Agency does not recommend using chlorine beach for routine mold clean up.

Large cleanup jobs require professional help because you want to make sure there are no spores in your ac or vents.

========================

The BEST toxic mold site on the web...the truth; answers
The world's largest TOXIC MOLD web site with the latest mold news, insurance
updates, medical research, solutions, images, toxic mold forum, personal mold ...

Results 1 - 10 of about 1,020,000 for Toxic Mold.

====================

http://www.mold-help.org/

================



A Grand Plan
The scientists, engineers and politicians who had been squabbling realized how close the entire delta had come to disaster, and Bahr says that it scared them into reaching a consensus. Late in 1998 the governor's office, the state's Department of Natural Resources, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Fish and Wildlife Service and all 20 of the state's coastal parishes published Coast 2050--a blueprint for restoring coastal Louisiana.
http://web.archive.org/web/20050923014840/http://www.sciam.com/print_version.cfm?articleID=00060286-CB58-1315-8B5883414B7F0000

MOLD. . .What is it all about?
Posted by David R. H.
Monday, 30 July 2001

Mold has certainly made it's way into people's homes as well as the headlines recently. Many people still don't fully understand the health hazards of fungal exposure. The term toxic mold is somewhat misleading as it connotates an idea that certain molds are toxic, when actually certain types of molds produce secondary metabolites that produce toxins. The correct term is mycotoxins. Airborne mycotoxins from can definitely destroy one's health. Sometimes, people are unaware that they are breathing mold spores and mycotoxins until they are very sick. Certain people have a minor allergic reactions to the non-toxic mold, but once you leave the affected area they most likely recover with few serious side effects. However, if they have been exposed to the dangerous molds such as Stachybotrys or Chaetomium, they could suffer from a myriad of serious symptoms and illnesses such as chronic bronchitis, learning disabilities, mental deficiencies, heart problems, cancer, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue, lupus, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple chemical sensitivity, bleeding lungs and much more.

This website is dedicated to the hundreds of thousands of innocent people who have lost their lives, health, and homes to this scourge as our government, insurance companies, social service organizations, and disaster management groups have ignored them in their greatest time of need. We offer the finest education, resources, and solutions regarding what everyone must know about the most devastating health hazard of this millennium.
http://www.mold-help.org/

======================================================

The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries is charged with the responsibility of managing and protecting Louisiana's abundant natural resources. http://www.nutria.com/site.php

===========================================================

Steve Connor, Science Editor
G8 scientists tell Bush: Act now - or else...
Tue Sep 27, 2005 22:46


G8 scientists tell Bush: Act now - or else...
An unprecedented warning as global warming worsens

By Steve Connor, Science Editor
Published: 08 June 2005

An unprecedented joint statement issued by the leading scientific academies of the world has called on the
G8 governments to take urgent action to avert a global catastrophe caused by climate change.


Article Length: 1086 words (approx.)
http://news.independent.co.uk/world/science_technology/article224878.ece

===============

G8 Scientists Tell Bush: Act Now - Or Else...
Unprecedented Warning As Global Warming Worsens
By Steve Connor
Science Editor
The Independent - UK
6-8-5

An unprecedented joint statement issued by the leading scientific academies of
the world has called on the G8 governments to take urgent action to avert a
global catastrophe caused by climate change.

The national academies of science for all the G8 countries, along with those of
Brazil, India and China, have warned that governments must no longer
procrastinate on what is widely seen as the greatest danger facing humanity.
The statement, which has taken months to finalise, is all the more important as
it is signed by Bruce Alberts, president of the US National Academy of Sciences,
which has warned George Bush about the dangers of ignoring the threat posed by
global warming.

It was released on the day that Tony Blair met Mr Bush in Washington, where the
American President was expected to reaffirm his opposition to joining the Kyoto
treat to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Over dinner at the White House last
night, Mr Blair appeared to make little progress on one of his main priorities
for Britain's year chairing the G8 - a new international effort to combat
climate change. The Prime Minister is trying to draw the US, China and India
into the discussion, but there is little sign that the Bush administration will
accept the growing scientific evidence about the problem.


Lord May of Oxford, the president of the Royal Society, Britain's national
academy of sciences, lambasted President Bush yesterday for ignoring his own
scientists by withdrawing from the Kyoto treaty. "The current US policy on
climate change is misguided. The Bush administration has consistently refused
to accept advice of the US National Academy of Sciences ... Getting the US on
board is critical because of the sheer amount of greenhouse gas emissions they
are responsible for," Lord May said.

Between 1990 and 2002, the carbon dioxide emissions of the US increased by 13
per cent, which on their own were greater than the combined cut in emissions
that will be achieved if all Kyoto countries hit their targets, he said.

"President Bush has an opportunity at Gleneagles to signal that his
administration will no longer ignore the scientific evidence and act to cut
emissions," Lord May said. "The G8 summit is an unprecedented moment in human
history. Our leaders face a stark choice - act now to tackle climate change or
let future generations face the price of their inaction.

"Never before have we faced such a global threat. And if we do not begin
effective action now it will be much harder to stop the runaway train as it
continues to gather momentum," he added.


The joint statement by the national science academies of the 11 countries does
not mention Kyoto but it does refer repeatedly to the United Nations Framework
on Climate Change that spawned the 1995 protocol to limit future greenhouse gas
emissions, which the US has signed up to.

Climate change is real, global warming is occurring and there is strong evidence
that man-made greenhouse gases are implicated in a potentially catastrophic
increase in global temperatures, the statement says. "It is likely that most of
the warming in recent decades can be attributed to human activities. This
warming has already led to changes in the Earth's climate."

Human activities are causing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to rise
to a point not reached for at least 420,000 years. Meanwhile average global
temperatures rose by 0.6C in the 20th century and are projected to increase by
between 1.4C and 5.8C by 2100.

"The scientific understanding of climate change is now sufficiently clear to
justify nations taking prompt action. It is vital that all nations identify
cost-effective steps that they can take now to contribute to substantial and
long-term reduction in net global greenhouse gas emissions," the statement
says.

In a veiled reference to President Bush's reluctance to accept climate change by
claiming that the science is unclear, the academies emphasise that action is
needed now to reduce the build-up of greenhouse gases.


"A lack of full scientific certainty about some aspects of climate change is not
a reason for delaying an immediate response that will, at a reasonable cost,
prevent dangerous anthropogenic [man-made] interference with the climate
system," the statement says.

"We urge all nations... to take prompt action to reduce the causes of climate
change, adapt to its impacts and ensure that the issue is included in all
relevant national and international strategies."

The national academies warn that even if greenhouse gas emissions can be
stabilised at existing levels, the climate would continue to change as it
slowly responds to the extra carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere. "Further
changes in climate are therefore unavoidable. Nations must prepare for them,"
the statement says.

CO2 on the increase

1958: A US scientist, Charles Keeling, begins measuring the atmospheric
concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) on an extinct volcano in Hawaii. It
stands at 315 parts per million (ppm).

1968: The US spacecraft 'Apollo 8' takes the first pictures of Earth from a
distance, beautiful but fragile - which help start modern environmentalism. The
C02 level has reached 323ppm.

1972: The UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm - the moment when
the world first recognises environmental threats to the Earth as a whole. CO2
now at 327ppm.

1988: The world wakes up to the danger of climate change, with an outspoken
warning from scientists, and a speech by Margaret Thatcher. CO2 level stands at
351ppm.

1992: The Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro sees more than 100 countries sign the
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the first global warming treaty. CO2
now at 356ppm.

1995: The Kyoto protocol to the UN's climate treaty is signed in Japan, binding
countries, including the US, to make cuts in their CO2 emissions. The CO2 level
has now reached 360ppm.

2000: Obvious that the 1990s were the hottest decade in the global temperature
record, with 1998 the hottest year in the northern hemisphere for 1,000 years.
CO2 is 369ppm.

2001: George Bush withdraws the US, the world's biggest CO2 emitter, from Kyoto,
alleging it will damage America's economy - jeopardising the whole process. CO2
level now at 371ppm.


2003: First two weeks of August are the hottest period ever recorded in western
Europe: 35,000 people die. New record high temperature for Britain. CO2 now at
375ppm.

2004: After much dithering, Russia ratifies Kyoto, enabling the protocol to
enter into force despite the desertion of the United States. But that doesn't
stop the CO2 level rising to 377ppm.

©2005 Independent News & Media (UK) Ltd.
----------------------------------------

KYOTO PROTOCOL
KYOTO PROTOCOL TO THE. UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE ...
DONE at Kyoto this eleventh day of December one thousand nine hundred and ...
GOOGLE MORE:>>

----------------------------------------

A soldier carries a baby as people wait to leave the Superdome in New Orleans.

KATRINA: Levee Was Bombed......
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Katrina_levee.htm

 

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