West Nile virus appears in NYC
PT 1-Jesse Ventura the Plum Island biological warfare center
PT 2-Jesse Ventura the Plum Island biological warfare center
PT 3-Jesse Ventura the Plum Island biological warfare center
PT 4-Jesse Ventura the Plum Island biological warfare center
Subject: ****Fwd: West Nile virus appears in NYC [Neocatastrophsim: A Bigger Threat From
Date: Mon, 12 Jun 2000 18:02:23 EDT
West Nile virus appears in NYC
NEW CITY, N.Y. (AP) - The discovery of three crows found dead of the
West Nile virus in New York and New Jersey has dashed any hopes that
the mosquito-borne virus may have died out over the winter. "It is
certainly a disappointment when a public health threat rears its
head, but on the other hand we knew it was a very obvious
possibility, perhaps even a probability," said Kristine Smith, a
spokeswoman for the New York Health Department. Two dead crows found in Rockland County tested positive for the virus. The third was foundin River Edge, N.J. Last year, West Nile - first misdiagnosed as St.
Louis encephalitis - killed six people in New York City and one in
Westchester and sickened more than 60 others. It also was blamed for
hundreds of bird deaths - mostly crows - in New York, New Jersey and
Some Thoughts On the Threat From New Viruses-Neocatastrophic Viewpoint
We've yet to see this one emerge as a major health problem, but it's a nasty one.
As my readers may know, I am involved in what is referred to as
Neocatastrophic research. Therefore I am concerned about the results of Comet collisions and comet debris which have periodically threatened the Earth, as they have impacted human civilizations. These events have caused most of the major famines and catastrophes, the records of which appear in all historical, religious and mythological records of antiquity, from the Bronze Age to the present era.
Such past comet disasters are now well established by recent data.
Interdisciplinary scientists, working in many different countries, continue
to piece together the past, and these events are being accepted now by many as the agents of past climatic catastrophes. As these events are caused by cometary phenomena, which are themselves cyclic in nature, the unavoidable conclusion is that of predictable repeatability for these events in future times.
For most people who read only the opinions of mainstream American scientists, who's opinions have been the major focus of many a Discover Channel or TLC documentary, their predictions of low probabilities for these events have allayed many people's fears. Yet the reader needs to understand that such predictions are based on the probabilistic threats posed by Near Earth asteroids, and not comets. The catastrophes mentioned in almost ALL ancient apocalyptic texts, seem to refer to bright visible comets with enormous tails, and not to unforeseen dark asteroids-which, lacking comas and tails, would give no early warning of their arrival.
Whether you read the Sumerian accounts, the Egyptian accounts, the Indian accounts, the Asian accounts, the Mezzo American accounts, or others from far flung corners of the Earth, remarkably similar stories appear, each with the same chronological chains of events, vividly described. Once dismissed as "myths" and stripped of their authenticity as narratives based in real events, such records now are seen to reveal actual events that effected ancient mankind.
Sometimes the chronological nature of the events are concealed by the fact that the ancients utilize symbolism extensively. Also, as they
anthropomorphized the antagonists of such celestial battles, rather than
following the chronological order of events, events were attributed to
heavenly gods warring in the heavens; therefore events follow the deeds of gods as they might from such heavenly battles, and are therefore jumbled about a bit chronologically. The trained reader can still decipher the original event sequences if properly informed.
A good case for such interpretation, is the northern European myth of
Ragnarok, One finds all the elements here, from the meteoric showers and years of overcast skies, to the earthquakes, global lightening, meteoric and astronomical anomalies and fall of red polluting dust, regional/global cooling and associated famines. Religious writings like the Bible contain numerous accounts as well. The "Book of Revelation," from the Greek "Apocalypsis," clearly lists these same series of events attributing them to some future catastrophe. Yet the same events and chronologies are found in most archaic historic records as well. While this suggests to me that the visions of "John the Revelator" were visions of yet another of these events in the future, more mainstream scientist would probably dismiss such an idea interpreting the records of such events as an informed rehashing of ancient events as he understood them, merged with symbolism.
Although we often read of rapid and unprecedented periods of cooling in
Bronze Aged records, there are also records of prolonged periods of heat and drought resulting in famines as well. Although the cooling periods are easily attributable to the Earth's entering into some monster comet's dust tail and capturing some of the dust (a dust veil), or the result of collision on land resulting in dust clouds from the collisions, and smoke from burning vegetation, a heating scenario is most likely related directly related to an ocean impact event. Bear in mind that the earth is covered 70% by water. This makes an ocean impact a much higher probability.
Very rapid warming could be caused by the destruction of the ozone due to such a comet impact in the ocean. To be most destructive this impact would need to occur in an area from about 2º latitude (north or south) to about 25-30º latitude (north or south). This sort of impact was modeled at MIT, and is now called a "Hypercane" Hypercane inject fantastic amounts of H2O into the ionosphere, destroying the Earth's ozone layer. The result? Extended periods of intense and unrelenting heat caused by UV exposure and rapidly rising land and sea temperatures.
The shallow core samples taken off California coast, as well as ice core
samples from Iceland, show correlating periods of such rapid temperature rises occurring over extremely short periods of times (less than 6-10 years), followed by rapid cooling periods (presumably as the ozone repaired itself). Rapid cooling periods also appeared followed by warming, as we'd expect from land impacts and dust veils.
Although the appearance of deadly new virus and bacteria strains-as in the article above-present a clear and present danger, the warming up of temperate zones to temperatures near those of the tropics (and extending those temps into the better part of a yearly cycle, over several years) would cause the epidemic spread of the known killers into far northern and southern climes. This could prove a far worse problem for mankind.
Peoples indigenous or acclimated to temperate regions would have little if
any natural immunities to the sorts of viruses and bacteria, and other
disease-causing life, that those in the tropics have. Prolonged exposure to
such diseases by those with no natural immunities would result in devastating plagues which would sweep through the close quarters found in urban areas, and suburban communities, like an angel of death.
You would not need exotic new diseases to create a plague, simply these warm weather terrors rampaging through northern and southern climates unchecked by natural immunities and driven by high prolonged temperatures.
Although many who fear a New World Order plot to radically reduce the
population by introducing new viruses, bacteria and vectors, simply having foreknowledge of a coming comet catastrophe, and failing to warn the earth's populations would be a far more insidious crime. Those steeped in Darwinian theory and devoid of sympathy for what they consider unchecked breeding and overcrowding, would see such a disaster as "natural selection," and would see themselves as innocent of any criminal negligence in simply letting nature take it's course. After all, predicting exactly where the strike would occur is not possible until late in the comet's approach. One could argue that an early announcement of a comet approach with such an impact "potential" would be irresponsible, and probably cause a worldwide panic which could kill just
millions as mankind began to fight with each other over food, shelter and
survival equipment/supplies. Mob riots, murder and genocide would be the result. Such authorities would defend themselves by posing the question, "would a responsible government do such a thing?"
The diseases that would prove the biggest killers under such radical
environmental conditions would include, but not be limited to: Cholera,
Typhoid (and Paratyphoid) Fever, Yellow Fever, Malaria, Dysentery, Typhus, Dengue fever and a host of other nasties with vectors such as the air itself, various worms, biting insects and dirty water.
For some of the more dangerous diseases we can protect ourselves in advance with vaccinations. Although I am firmly opposed to the latest trend of random flu vaccinations, receiving vaccinations for Yellow Fever, Typhoid fever and other tropical diseases might prove a very smart thing if I am right in my predictions of a close encounter of the cometary kind...to occur in next few years. Such vaccinations are a standard procedure before traveling into foreign countries in tropic/subtropic regions of the world. Although world supplies of such vaccines and immunizing agents are sufficient for now, if such a world epidemic was a reality, supplies would dry up suddenly, and most
of us could not afford to pay the inflated prices that would ensure, even if
we could get our hands on them.
NOTE: Before you intend to commit to any such vaccination, especially before vaccinating or inoculating children, consult with your doctor.
Of course this is purely hypothetical scenario, and we may never see a comet strike in our lifetimes, but take this word of warning in the spirit in which it was given. Do with it as you see fit.
Below you'll find some useful info on the more common "tropical diseases," suggestions for treatments and preventative measures one can take to limit the possibilities of infection.
============= Disease Information ======================
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< http://www.synapsemedical.com/pages/Level%203/tropicalevel2.html >
The following tropical diseases have no immunizations, however they may be prevented by careful attention to travel precautions.
Filariasis (Bancroftian) - Central and South America, Africa, Indian
Subcontinent, Asia: A parasitic round worm infestation transmitted through the bite of mosquitoes. Once inside a host, the worm lives in the lymph vessels and tissues; blockage may cause marked enlargement of the legs or other extremities (elephantiasis). No vaccine is available.
Leishmaniasis - Central and South America, Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Europe: [cutaneous (skin), mucocutaneous (inside the mouth and nose), and visceral (kala-azar)]. Leishmaniasis is caused by a parasitic protozoan transmitted by the bite of sand flies. Symptoms include fever, weakness, swollen spleen (kala-azar), and skin sores (cutaneous leishmaniasis). No vaccine, but treatment is available.
Onchocerciasis (River Blindness) - Central and tropical South America and Africa: A parasitic worm infestation transmitted by the bite of black flies. Symptoms include lumps under the skin, itchy rash, or eye lesions (potential blindness). No vaccine, but treatment is available.
American Trypanosomiasis (CHAGAS Disease) - South and Central America: American trypanosomiasis is caused by infection with a protozoal parasite transmitted by contact with the feces of the reduviid bug, (also known as cone nose or kissing bug), which infests mud, adobe, and thatch buildings. May cause fever or no symptoms during early stages. In later stages, heart disease and enlarged intestines may develop. Avoiding overnight stays in buildings infested with the reduviid bug eliminates risk. Blood transfusion may transmit this infection in some countries. No vaccine, and treatment is limited.
African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness) - West, Central, and East Africa: African trypanosomiasis is caused by infection with a protozoal parasite transmitted by the bite of an infected tsetse fly. Symptoms include a boil-like sore at the site of the bite several days after the bite. Fever, headaches and severe illness follow. No vaccine is available. The main risk is for the traveler on safari in rural areas.
Bartonellosis (Oroya Fever) - South America: Bartonellosis is caused by
infection with a rickettsia organism (an organism smaller than a bacteria)
transmitted by the bite of a sand fly. Symptoms include exhaustion due to
anemia, high fever, followed by wart-like eruptions on the skin. No vaccine, but treatment is available.
Plague - Southeast Asia, Central Asia, South America, and Western North America. A bacterial infection transmitted by the bite of an infected flea or sometimes, through exposure to plague infected animals or their tissue. Plague can be spread from person to person. Epidemic plague is generally associated with domestic rats. Almost all of the cases reported during the decade were rather than in larger, more developed towns and cities. The bacterium may be introduced through flea bites or a cut or break in the skin during exposure to rodents or rabbits. Classic plague symptoms include a very painful, usually swollen, and often hot to the touch lymph node, fever, and extreme exhaustion. A vaccine for prevention and treatment is available.
Relapsing Fever - South America, Africa, Asia, Western North America. A bacterial infection transmitted through the bite of either lice or ticks.
Symptoms include fever, headaches, vomiting, diarrhea, enlarged liver or
spleen, and a rash. If untreated, the fever can re-occur approximately every other week. No vaccine for prevention, but treatment is available.
Chikungunya Fever - Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia. Sporadic cases as well as large outbreaks have occurred in these areas. Chikungunya Fever is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. Symptoms include fever, headache, nausea, a rash, and the abrupt onset of pain in one or more joints. Deaths rarely occur from Chikungunya fever, but residual joint stiffness can last for weeks or months. Treatment is limited and no vaccine is available.
Oropouche Virus Disease - Brazil, Panama, and Trinidad. Large outbreaks have occurred of this nonfatal viral infection which is transmitted by gnats or midges found in some urban areas of the Amazon Basin. Symptoms include abrupt high fever, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, nausea, and diarrhea. Treatment is limited and no vaccine is available.
Ross River Virus (Epidemic Polyarthritis) - Australia and a few South Pacific Islands. Ross River Virus infection is transmitted by mosquito bites. Symptoms include the abrupt onset of low-grade fever, joint pain and a rash. After infection, a prolonged arthritis can occur, but generally the arthritis will clear up in weeks or months. Treatment is limited and no vaccine is available.
Congo-Crimean Hemorrhagic Fever - Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Indian Subcontinent, and Africa. This viral infection is transmitted by the bite of an infected tick. Symptoms include sudden onset of fever, chills, aches and pains, headache, and severe pain in the arms or legs. A rash may appear and internal bleeding occurs sometimes. The illness can be severe and deaths have been reported. Treatment is limited and no vaccine is available.
Lassa Fever, Rift Valley Fever, Ebola, and Marborg Disease - Africa: These diseases are caused by viruses, and although they can cause severe illness, they are not a significant health problem to most travelers. Lassa Fever transmission is associated with rats, while Rift Valley Fever is transmitted via mosquitoes. In addition, all of these viruses can be transmitted through contact with an infected person or animal. Treatment is limited and no vaccines are available.
Travelers' diarrhea (TD) is a syndrome characterized by a
twofold or greater
increase in the frequency of unformed bowel movements. Commonly associated symptoms include abdominal cramps, nausea, bloating, urgency, fever, and malaise. Episodes of TD usually begin abruptly, occur during travel or soon after returning home, and are generally self-limited. High-risk destinations include most
of the developing countries of Latin America, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.
Intermediate risk destinations include most of the Southern
European countries and a few Caribbean islands. Low risk destinations include Canada, Northern
Europe, Australia, New Zealand, the United States and a number of the Caribbean islands.
TD is slightly more common in young adults than in older
people. The reasons for this difference are unclear, but may include a lack of acquired immunity, more
adventurous travel styles, and different eating habits. Attack
rates are similar in men and women. The onset of TD is usually within the first week, but may occur at any time during the visit, and even after returning home.
TD is acquired through ingestion of fecally contaminated food
and/or water. Both cooked and uncooked foods may be implicated if improperly handled. Especially risky foods include raw or undercooked meat and seafood, and raw fruits and vegetables. Tap water, ice, and unpasteurized milk and dairy products may be associated with increased risk of TD; safe beverages include bottled carbonated
beverages (especially flavored beverages), beer, wine, hot coffee or tea, or water boiled or appropriately treated with iodine or chlorine.
The place food is
prepared appears to be an important variable; with private
homes, restaurants and street vendors listed in order of increasing risk.
TD typically results in four to five loose or watery stools per
day. The usual duration of diarrhea is 3 to 4 days. Approximately 15 percent of case experience
vomiting, and 2 to 10 percent may have diarrhea accompanied by fever or bloody stools, or both. Travelers may experience more than one attack of TD during a single trip. Rarely is TD life-threatening.
Along with the newly acquired bacteria, the traveler may also
acquire many viruses. However, although viruses are commonly acquired by travelers, they do not appear to be frequent causes of TD in adults.
Parasites such as Giardia and Entamoeba are an infrequent cause of TD. These parasites should be sought in persisting, unexplained cases.
However, even with the application of the best current methods for detecting
bacteria, viruses, and parasites, 20 to 50 percent of cases of TD remain without
Data indicate that meticulous attention to food and beverage
consumption, as mentioned above, can decrease the likelihood of developing TD.
Most travelers,however, encounter difficulty in observing the requisite
dietary restrictions. No available vaccines and none that are expected to be available
in the next 5 years are effective against TD.
Bismuth subsalicylate, taken as the active ingredient of
Pepto-Bismol (2 oz. 4 times daily, or 2 tablets 4 times daily), has decreased the
incidence of diarrhea by about 60 percent in several studies. Side effects include
temporary blackening of tongue and stools, occasional nausea and constipation, and
rarely, ringing in the ears. It is not recommended to take it for a period of more
than three weeks. Bismuth subsalicylate should be avoided by persons with aspirin
allergy, renal insufficiency, gout, and by those who are taking
anticoagulants, large doses of aspirin, probenecid, or methotrexate. Bismuth subsalicylate has
not been approved for children under three years old weeks.
While effective in preventing some bacterial causes of
diarrhea, antibiotics have no effect on acquiring of various viral and parasitic diseases.
Prophylactic antibiotics may give travelers a false sense of security about
the risk associated with consuming certain local foods and beverages. Therefore
prophylactic antimicrobial agents are not recommended for travelers.
Individuals with TD have two major complaints for which they desire relief
-abdominal cramps and diarrhea. For mild loose stools without other symptoms,
use of an antibiotic is probably not necessary. You may use bismuth
subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol, 1 oz of liquid or 2 262.5 mg
tablets every 30 minutes for eight doses) or an antimotility drug, such as
loperamide (Imodium), if necessary for comfort during sightseeing or travel. Do not use
an antimotility drug for more than 48 hours.
For moderately loose or frequent stools with cramps or nausea,
you may benefit from an antibiotic (trimethoprim/sulfamethozole also known as
Bactrim or Septra or TMP/SMX (160 mg TMP and 800 mg SMX) or ciprofloxacin (500 mg)
taken twice daily for three days). Take an antimotility drug if
needed for travel or other activities (do not use for more than 48 hours). Take an oral
rehydration solution (see below).
For severe diarrhea with intense cramps, nausea, bloody stools,
dehydration, or fever and chills, take an antibiotic(as above). Stay in your
room and use the toilet as necessary. Try to avoid taking an antimotility drug unless
needed for travel (if taken, do not use for more than 48 hours)and drink the oral
rehydration solution (see below). Seek medical attention if symptoms do not rapidly
Most cases of diarrhea are self-limited and require only simple
replacement of fluids and salts lost in diarrheal stools. This is best
achieved by use of an oral rehydration solution such as World Health Organization Oral
Rehydration Salts (ORS) solution. ORS packets are available at stores or
pharmacies in almost all developing countries. The solution should be consumed or
discarded within 12 hours if held at room temperature, or 24 hours if held
Iced drinks and noncarbonated bottled fluids made from water of
uncertain quality should be avoided. Dairy products aggravate diarrhea in some
people and should be avoided.
INFANTS WITH DIARRHEA
Children aged 0-2 years are at high risk of acquiring
traveler's diarrhea. The greatest risk to the infant with diarrhea is dehydration.
Dehydration is best prevented by use of WHO ORS solution in addition to the
infant's usual food. ORS packets are available at stores or pharmacies in almost all
developing countries. ORS is prepared by adding one packet to boiled or
treated water. Packet instructions should be checked carefully to ensure that
the salts are added to the correct volume of water. ORS solution should be consumed
or discarded within 12 hours if held at room temperature, or 24 hours if
held refrigerated. The dehydrated child will drink ORS avidly; ORS is given to the
child as long as the dehydration persists. The infant who vomits the ORS will
usually keep it down if it is offered by spoon in frequent small sips.
Breast-fed infants should continue nursing on demand. For
bottle-fed infants,full-strength lactose-free, or lactose-reduced formulas should
be administered. Older children receiving semi-solid or solid foods should
continue to receive their usual diet during the illness. Recommended foods include
starches, cereals, yogurt, fruits, and vegetables. Immediate medical attention is
required for the infant with diarrhea who develops signs of moderate to severe dehydration(agitation, somnolence, withdrawn), bloody diarrhea,
fever of greater than 102 degrees Farenheit, or persistent vomiting. While
medical attention is being obtained, the infant should be offered ORS. More
information is available from CDC in a publication entitled, "The management of acute
diarrhea in children: oral rehydration, maintenance, and nutritional therapy." (MMWR
No. RR-16, October 16, 1992).
ORS packets are available in the United States from Jianas
Brothers Packaging Company, Kansas City, Missouri (telephone:(816)421- 2880).
Precautions in Children and Pregnant Women ,Teenagers should follow the advice
given to adults, with possible adjustment of doses of medication.
Physicians should be aware of the risks of tetracyclines to children under 8 years
of age. There are few data available about usage of antidiarrheal drugs in children.
Drugs should be prescribed with caution for pregnant women and nursing mothers.
In January 1991, epidemic cholera appeared in South America and
quickly spread to several countries. Cholera has been very rare in
industrialized nations for the last 100 years; however, the disease is still common
today in other parts of the world, including the Indian subcontinent and sub-saharan
Africa. Although cholera can be life-threatening, it is easily prevented and
treated Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine
with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but
sometimes it can be severe.
Approximately one in 20 infected persons has severe disease
(profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps). In these persons, rapid
loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can
occur within hours. A person may get cholera by drinking water or eating food
contaminated with the cholera bacterium. In an epidemic, the source of the
contamination usually the feces of an infected person. The disease can spread rapidly in
areas with inadequate treatment of sewage and drinking water. The cholera
bacterium may also live in the environment in brackish rivers and coastal
waters. Shellfish eaten raw have been a source of cholera.
The disease is not likely to spread directly from one person to
another; therefore,casual contact with an infected person is not a risk for
becoming ill. The risk for cholera is very low for U.S. travelers visiting areas with
epidemic cholera. When simple precautions are observed, contracting the disease is
unlikely. All travelers to areas where cholera has occurred should observe the following recommendations for food and drink at the beginning of the
handout. A simple rule of thumb is: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or forget it. A vaccine
for cholera is available; however, it confers only brief and incomplete immunity and is
not recommended for travelers. There are no cholera vaccination requirements
for entry or exit in any Latin American country or the United States.
Cholera can be simply and successfully treated by immediate
replacement of the fluid and salts lost through diarrhea. Patients can be treated
with oral rehydration solution. This solution is used throughout the world to treat
diarrhea. Severe cases also require intravenous fluid replacement. With prompt
rehydration, fewer than 1% of cholera patients die. Antibiotics shorten the course and
diminish the severity of the illness, but they are not as important as
Persons who develop severe diarrhea and vomiting in countries
where cholera occurs should seek medical attention promptly. The antibiotics
of choice are ciprofloxacin 1 gram once, norfloxacin 400mg twice a day for 3
days, or doxycycline 300 mg once. Predicting how long the epidemic in
Latin America will last is difficult. In areas with inadequate sanitation, a
cholera epidemic cannot be stopped immediately, and there are no signs that the epidemic
in the Americas will end soon.
Malaria is caused by a parasite that is transmitted from person
to person by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. These mosquitoes are
present in almost all countries in the tropics and subtropics. Anopheles
mosquitoes bite during nighttime hours, from dusk to dawn. Therefore, antimalarial
drugs are only recommended for travelers who will have exposure during evening
and nighttime hours in malaria risk areas. Symptoms of malaria include fever,
chills, headache, muscle ache, and malaise. Early stages of malaria may resemble
the onset of the flu. Travelers who become ill with a fever during or after
travel in a malaria risk area should seek prompt medical attention and should inform their
physician of their recent travel history.
Neither the traveler nor the physician should assume that the
traveler has the flu or some other disease without doing a laboratory test to determine
if the symptoms are caused by malaria. Malaria can often be prevented by the
use of antimalarial drugs and use of personal protection measures against mosquito
bites. The risk of malaria depends on the traveler's itinerary, the duration of
travel, and the places where the traveler will spend the evenings and nights.
Travelers can still get malaria despite use of prevention measures. Malaria symptoms
can develop as early as 6-8 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito or
as late as several months after departure from a malarious area, after
antimalarial drugs are discontinued.
Malaria can be treated effectively in its early stages, but
delaying treatment can have serious consequences. In addition to using drugs to
prevent malaria,travelers should use measures to reduce exposure to malaria -
travelers should remain in well-screened areas, use mosquito nets, and wear
clothes that cover most of the body. Travelers should also take insect repellent
with them to use on any exposed areas of the skin. The most effective repellent is
DEET (N,N-diethyl meta- toluamide) an ingredient in most insect repellents. DEET
containing insecrepellents should always be used according to label directions
and sparingly on children.
Rarely toxic reactions or other problems have developed after
contact with DEET. Travelers should also purchase a flying insect-killing
spray to use in living and sleeping areas during the evening and night. For greater
protection, clothing and bednets can be soaked in or sprayed with PERMETHRIN, which
is an insect repellent licensed for use on clothing. If applied according to
the directions,permethrin will repel insects from clothing for several weeks.
Portable mosquito bednets, DEET containing repellents, and permethrin can be
purchased in hardware, back-packing, or military surplus store.
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